English Quizzes for SBI PO 2019 | Word Usage New Pattern English Questions Exercise for SBI PO 2019 and IBPS PO 2019 at Smartkeeda

Directions: In the given question, a word has been mentioned and there are three ways in which the word has been used in either similar or different ways. You are required to check which of the sentences have correctly used the highlighted word, and mark that as your answer.
1
Bolt

I. A bolt of lightning pierced the angry black clouds, and Ms. Nirahika moved away from the edge of the porch.
II. Seeing an unidentified figure in the dark, all the kids bolted down the stairs.
III. A surge in the crowd behind him bolted him forwards.
» Explain it
C
Sentence I. A bolt of lightning pierced the angry black clouds, and Ms. Nirahika moved away from the edge of the porch.

Here, the word ‘bolt’ is used as ‘a jagged white flash of lightning’ and is correct.
Sentence II. Seeing an unidentified figure in the dark, all the kids bolted down the stairs.

In this sentence, ‘bolt’ has been used as a verb which means ‘to move or run away suddenly in an attempt to escape’ and is correct as well.

Sentence III. A surge in the crowd behind him bolted him forwards.

The usage of the verb ‘bolted’ makes no sense in the sentence. Instead of ‘bolted’ the verb ‘jolted’ which means ‘to push or shake (someone or something) abruptly and roughly’ would have been correct here.

Clearly, option C is the correct answer.
2
Square

I. Mr. Batra wanted to make sure we were square with the court's decision and not subject to a lawsuit.
II. After the party, Mohan and Meera decided to square up the bill.
III. We had been as square with the Startup as any Venture Capitalist could be. 
» Explain it
E
Sentence I. Mr. Batra wanted to make sure we were square with the court's decision and not subject to a lawsuit.

Here, the word ‘square’ means ‘compatible or in agreement’ and is absolutely correct.

Sentence II. After the party, Mohan and Meera decided to square up the bill.
In the above sentence, the verb ‘square’ means ‘to settle or pay (a bill or debt)’ and is correct as well.

Sentence III. We had been as square with the Startup as any Venture Capitalist could be.

In this sentence, the adjective ‘square’ means ‘fair and honest’ and is correct too.

Evidently, all the sentences are correct both grammatically and contextually.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
3
Scale

I. The government is planning a new salary scale for all professors of universities run by the UP government.
II. We cannot track them in the mortal world until they use a substantial scale of magic.
III. No one could have foreseen the scale of the disaster
» Explain it
D
Sentence I. The government is planning a new salary scale for all professors of universities run by the UP government.

The sentence above is absolutely correct as the word ‘scale’ here refers to ‘a graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something’.

Sentence II. We cannot track them in the mortal world until they use a substantial scale of magic.

The usage of the word ‘scale’ is contextually wrong here and doesn’t make any sense. ‘Amount’ would have been a better word in place of ‘scale’ here.

Sentence III. No one could have foreseen the scale of the disaster.

The sentence with the word ‘scale’ is absolutely correct. Here, the word ‘scale’ refers to ‘the relative size, extent or magnitude of something’.

Clearly, option D is the correct answer.
4
Subscribe

I. They decided to subscribe to the new magazine instead of the famous and popular one in the market.
II. We are of the opinion that we cannot subscribe to the new theory
III. I decided to subscribe to him since he is my superior.  
» Explain it
C
Sentence I: They decided to subscribe to the new magazine instead of the famous and popular one in the market.

Here ‘subscribe’ means to buy regularly against a monthly or yearly fee

Sentence II: We are of the opinion that we cannot subscribe to the new theory.

Here, ‘subscribe’ refers to the feeling of an agreement with a view or opinion.

Sentence III: I decided to subscribe to him since he is my superior.

The word ‘subscribe’ has not been used in this sentence in any meaningful manner and doesn’t fit in this context. It is not possible to subscribe to a person as such.

So, option C is the correct choice.
5
Vulnerable

I. The students were in a vulnerable position since they did not have any other alternative.
II. The new home is meant for vulnerable youths and adults who are in need of love and care.
III. Sachin Tendulkar saw India off from that vulnerable position to a thumping victory over the world champion Australia in the Tri-nation tournament. 
» Explain it
E
Sentence I: The students in a vulnerable position since they did not have any other alternative.

Here, the word ‘vulnerable’ has been used in the sense that the students were exposed to the possibility of being attached or harmed, physically or emotionally.

Sentence II: The new home is meant for vulnerable youths and adults who are in need of love and care.

Here, the word ‘vulnerable’ means people with a very weak bent of mind and in need of special attention and care.

Sentence III: Sachin Tendulkar saw India off from that vulnerable position to a thumping victory over the world champion Australia in the Tri-nation tournament.

‘Vulnerable’ refers to weak here. It means India were in a weak position initially from where they cruised to victory thanks to Sachin Tendulkar.

So, all the sentences are correct and that makes option E the correct choice.