Reasoning Inequalities Questions for SBI PO 2019 | Download Inequalities Questions PDF at Smartkeeda

Directions: In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the various statements which is followed by three conclusions. Choose the correct answer on the basis of information given below.
1
Statements:  M ≥ S ,   K < A,   S = T,   A > Y,   K > M,   Y ≤ O,   T ≥ E
 
Conclusions: M > E,   M = E,   O > S
» Explain it
D
Statements:  M ≥ S , K < A, S = T, A > Y, K > M, Y ≤ O, T ≥ E

Conclusions: (I) M > E   (II) M = E   (III) O > S

By combining all the statements, we get the following equation:

≥ Y < A > K > M ≥ S = T ≥ E

For conclusion (I): M > E

Here, the common sign between M and E is '≥'. Thus M ≥ E.

Hence conclusion (I) does not follow individually.

For conclusion (II): M = E

Here, the common sign between M and E is '≥'. Thus M ≥ E.

Thus conclusion (II) does not follow individually.

On combining conclusions I and II we get "M ≥ E".

Therefore either conclusion (I) or (II) follows.

For conclusion (III): O > S

Here we can see the opposite signs between O and S, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Therefore conclusion (III) does not follow.

Hence option D is correct.


2
Statements:  A < B, C = D,   E < F,   B > D,   G ≥ C,   A > F,   H = E

Conclusions: G > B    A > H    C = H
» Explain it
C
Statements:  A < B, C = D , E < F, B > D, G ≥ C, A > F, H = E

Conclusions:  G > B    A > H    C = H

By combining all the statements, we get the following equation:

G ≥ C = D < B > A > F > E = H

For conclusion (I): G > B

Here we can see the opposite signs between G and B, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Hence conclusion (I) does not follow.

For conclusion (II): A > H

Here, the common sign between A and H is '>'. Thus A > H.

Thus conclusion (II) follows.
 
For conclusion (III): C = H

Here we can see the opposite signs between C and H, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Therefore conclusion (III) does not follow.

Hence option C is correct.


3
Statements:  S < U,    N ≥ V,   U = Q,   R > N,   S ≤ G,   Q > T,    V = G
 
Conclusions:  U > T    R > S    R = S
» Explain it
B
Statements:  S < U, N ≥ V, U = Q, R > N, S ≤ G, Q > T, V = G
 
Conclusions:  U > T    R > S    R = S
 
By combining all the statements, we get the following equation:

R > N ≥ V = G ≥ S < U = Q > T

For conclusion (I): U > T

Here, the common sign between U and T is '>'. Thus U > T.

Hence conclusion (I) follows.

For conclusion (II): R > S

Here, the common sign between R and S is '>'. Thus R > S.

Thus conclusion (II) follows.
 
For conclusion (III): R = S

Here, the common sign between R and S is '>'. Thus R > S.

Therefore conclusion (III) does not follow.

Hence option B is correct.


4
Statements:  M ≥ P,   U < K,   K < A,   G = J,   P < U,   G > A
 
Conclusions:  P < G       J > K     U < G
» Explain it
E
Statements:  M ≥ P, U < K, K < A, G = J, P < U, G > A
 
Conclusions:  P < G     J > K    U < G
 
By combining all the statements, we get the following equation:

M ≥ P < U < K < A < G = J

For conclusion (I): P < G

Here, the common sign between P and G is '<'. Thus P < G.

Hence conclusion (I) follows.

For conclusion (II): J > K

Here, the common sign between K and J is '<'. Thus K < J or J > K.

Thus conclusion (II) follows.
 
For conclusion (III): U < G

Here, the common sign between U and G is '<'. Thus U < G.

Therefore conclusion (III) follows.

Hence option E is correct.


5
Statements:  B < A,   G = H,   O > A,   H < I,   J = I,   G < O
 
Conclusions:  J > A     B > H    I < O
» Explain it
E
Statements:  B < A, G = H, O > A, H < I, J = I, G < O
 
Conclusions:  J > A    B > H   I < O
 
By combining all the statements, we get the following equation:

J = I > H = G < O > A > B
 
For conclusion (I): J > A

Here we can see opposite sign between J and A, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Hence conclusion (I) does not follow.

For conclusion (II): B > H

Here we can see opposite sign between B and H, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Thus conclusion (II) does not follow.
 
For conclusion (III): I < O

Here we can see opposite sign between I and O, thus no relationship can be established between them.

Therefore conclusion (III) does not follow.

Hence option E is correct.