# Floor Based Reasoning Puzzle for IBPS Clerk Pre, NRA CET | Reasoning Puzzles PDF at Smartkeeda

Directions: Read the given information carefully and answer the questions given beside:

Eight people Aarush, Bindu, Chunnu, Divya, Etti, Prithvi, Gopal and Harish live in an eight storey building, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the topmost floor is numbered 8.

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth. Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu. Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti. Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya. There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live. Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor. Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.
Important for :
1
Prithvi lives on which of the following floors?
» Explain it
B
Prithvi lives on fifth floor.

Option B, is hence the correct answer.

Final table:

 Floor Number Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

Common explanation:

Reference:

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth.
Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu.
Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1 Case 2 Hint Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Aarush 5 Gopal 4 Bindu Aarush - × 3 2 Bindu Aarush - × 1

Reference:

There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live.
Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti.

Inference:

Here, Case 1 splits into two more cases:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Reference:

Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor.
Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Case 1 A fails here as there is no such place to accomodate Harish and Divya.

 Floor Number Case 1B Case 2 Person Person 8 Divya Aarush 7 Harish Gopal 6 Aarush Etti 5 Gopal 4 Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Divya 1 Chunnu Harish

Case 1 B fails here as it violates the second condition where Prithvi lives on the floor above Divya.
Thus, we get case 2 as our final arrangement.

 Floor Number Case 2 Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish
2
How many floors are there between Bindu and Divya?
» Explain it
B
There is only one floor between Bindu and Divya.

Option B, is hence the correct answer.

Final table:

 Floor Number Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

Common explanation:

Reference:

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth.
Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu.
Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1 Case 2 Hint Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Aarush 5 Gopal 4 Bindu Aarush - × 3 2 Bindu Aarush - × 1

Reference:

There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live.
Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti.

Inference:

Here, Case 1 splits into two more cases:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Reference:

Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor.
Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Case 1 A fails here as there is no such place to accomodate Harish and Divya.

 Floor Number Case 1B Case 2 Person Person 8 Divya Aarush 7 Harish Gopal 6 Aarush Etti 5 Gopal 4 Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Divya 1 Chunnu Harish

Case 1 B fails here as it violates the second condition where Prithvi lives on the floor above Divya.
Thus, we get case 2 as our final arrangement.

 Floor Number Case 2 Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish
3
Who among the following lives on the first floor?
» Explain it
A
Harish Lives on the first floor.

Option A, is hence the correct answer.

Final table:

 Floor Number Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

Common explanation:

Reference:

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth.
Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu.
Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1 Case 2 Hint Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Aarush 5 Gopal 4 Bindu Aarush - × 3 2 Bindu Aarush - × 1

Reference:

There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live.
Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti.

Inference:

Here, Case 1 splits into two more cases:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Reference:

Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor.
Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Case 1 A fails here as there is no such place to accomodate Harish and Divya.

 Floor Number Case 1B Case 2 Person Person 8 Divya Aarush 7 Harish Gopal 6 Aarush Etti 5 Gopal 4 Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Divya 1 Chunnu Harish

Case 1 B fails here as it violates the second condition where Prithvi lives on the floor above Divya.
Thus, we get case 2 as our final arrangement.

 Floor Number Case 2 Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish
4
Who among the following lives on the seventh floor?
» Explain it
C
Gopal lives on the seventh floor.

Option C, is hence the correct answer.

Final table:

 Floor Number Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

Common explanation:

Reference:

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth.
Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu.
Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1 Case 2 Hint Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Aarush 5 Gopal 4 Bindu Aarush - × 3 2 Bindu Aarush - × 1

Reference:

There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live.
Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti.

Inference:

Here, Case 1 splits into two more cases:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Reference:

Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor.
Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Case 1 A fails here as there is no such place to accomodate Harish and Divya.

 Floor Number Case 1B Case 2 Person Person 8 Divya Aarush 7 Harish Gopal 6 Aarush Etti 5 Gopal 4 Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Divya 1 Chunnu Harish

Case 1 B fails here as it violates the second condition where Prithvi lives on the floor above Divya.
Thus, we get case 2 as our final arrangement.

 Floor Number Case 2 Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish
5
Which of the following statements is/are true?
» Explain it
E
Chunnu lives on the third floor - is the only true statement.

Option E, is hence the correct answer.

Final table:

 Floor Number Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

Common explanation:

Reference:

Aarush lives on an even-numbered floor but not on the floor numbered second or fourth.
Only three floors are there between Aarush and Bindu.
Gopal lives immediately below Aarush’s floor.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1 Case 2 Hint Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Aarush 5 Gopal 4 Bindu Aarush - × 3 2 Bindu Aarush - × 1

Reference:

There are equal numbers of floors between the floors on which Etti and Bindu live and between the floors on which Aarush and Etti live.
Only two people live between Chunnu and Etti.

Inference:

Here, Case 1 splits into two more cases:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Reference:

Harish lives immediately below Divya’s floor.
Prithvi lives on a floor above Divya.

Inference:

 Floor Number Case 1A Case 1B Case 2 Hint Person Person Person 8 Aarush 7 Chunnu Gopal 6 Aarush Aarush Etti 5 Gopal Gopal 4 Etti Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Bindu 1 Chunnu

Case 1 A fails here as there is no such place to accomodate Harish and Divya.

 Floor Number Case 1B Case 2 Person Person 8 Divya Aarush 7 Harish Gopal 6 Aarush Etti 5 Gopal 4 Etti Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Bindu Divya 1 Chunnu Harish

Case 1 B fails here as it violates the second condition where Prithvi lives on the floor above Divya.
Thus, we get case 2 as our final arrangement.

 Floor Number Case 2 Person 8 Aarush 7 Gopal 6 Etti 5 Prithvi 4 Bindu 3 Chunnu 2 Divya 1 Harish

### Puzzle for banking exams

The Puzzles topic in the reasoning section of the bank examinations like IBPS, RRB, SBI, RBI, etc carries the highest weightage nowadays. To clear this section easily and to build a good score in the reasoning section, you must be well-versed in the good and time-saving methods of solving puzzles. The verbal reasoning section of bank exams can contain different types of puzzles that test a candidate's logical and analytical skills.

In the puzzle questions, a short paragraph is given in which various conditions of that question are discussed. You have to analyze all the conditions of that puzzle and answer the question based on that puzzle. It is very important to read and write down all the conditions of the puzzle very carefully. Missing a single piece of information in the puzzle might lead to the loss of your precious time or even marks.

Some common puzzles that are asked in bank exams include:
• Seating Arrangement Puzzles: These puzzles involve arranging a group of people or objects in a specific order based on given conditions such as age, height, or preferences. Questions are asked based on the arrangement.
• Blood Relation Puzzles: These puzzles involve solving problems related to family relations, such as determining the relationship between two persons based on given information.
• Direction Sense Puzzles: These puzzles involve giving directions and candidates need to find the correct direction based on the given information.
• Ranking and Order Puzzles: These puzzles involve ranking a group of objects or people based on given conditions such as age, height, or marks.

These puzzles can vary in difficulty level and can require different types of logical and analytical skills. In the prelims exam, the difficulty level of these puzzles is low and therefore these can be solved within 2-3 minutes. However, in the mains exam, the difficulty level, as well as the length of question of these puzzles, is increased. You have to devote at least 15-20 minutes to get an answer to the puzzle. This time frame can vary according to the difficulty level of the question and your practice with this topic.

It is important to practice different types of puzzles to improve your problem-solving abilities and save time.

Here is  an example:

P, Q, R, S, T, V, and W are seven friends. Each of them likes a particular fruit, viz. Apple, Banana, Pear, Guava, Orange, Mango, and Watermelon, and each of them has a favorite city, viz. Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Cochin. The choices of fruit and favorite city of the seven friends aren't necessarily in the same order.

Q likes Mango and his favorite city is Chennai. The one whose favorite city is Pune likes Watermelon. T's favorite city is Kolkata. R likes Guava and his favorite is not Mumbai. W's favorite city is Cochin and he does not like either Banana or Pear. The favorite city of the one who likes Orange is Hyderabad. T does not like Pear. P's favorite city is neither Pune nor Hyderabad. S does not like Watermelon.

There will be a set of 5 questions that would be asked after this puzzle.
• Who likes apples?
• Which fruit does P like?
• Which is R’s favorite city?
• Which of the following combinations of Person-Fruit-City is incorrect?
• Which is V’s favorite city?

You will have to go through all the conditions of this question thoroughly to answer these questions.

Tips to solve puzzles in the banking examinations:

1. First of all, go through the puzzle and read all the instructions and the given information carefully to understand the puzzle.

1. Now you should move on to the approach required to solve it. For example, if you’re solving a seating arrangement puzzle, you require arranging objects or people in a specific order.

1. Visualizing information helps a lot. Instead of just writing down the information,  draw a diagram or chart to visualize the given information and identify the relationships between different elements.

1. Look for clues and patterns in the given information to derive new information. Try to join the dots from a piece of common information. Like in this question, the one whose favorite city is Pune likes Watermelon and S does not like Watermelon. Here, watermelon is the common information and can be used to derive a relationship. Keep an eye on such information.

1. Write all conditions from the beginning. As you will reach your answer, you will be able to eliminate options. Eliminate options that do not fit the given information or contradict the existing information.

1. Use logical reasoning to derive conclusions and answers based on the given information. As in the given question, “Which of the following combinations of Person-Fruit-City is incorrect?” you have to apply your reasoning to find an odd pair.

Practice is essential to solve “Puzzles” questions in banking exams. The more you practice, the better you become at solving problems efficiently and accurately. By practicing regularly, candidates can improve their confidence, accuracy, and speed, and increase their chances of success in the exam. You can improve the topic of the puzzle by practicing quizzes available at Smartkeeda.

Also,  Candidates should take mock tests to assess their preparation level. This will help them to identify their weaknesses and work on them. Mock tests also give candidates an idea of the exam pattern and the level of difficulty of the questions. To enhance their preparation, candidates practice a variety of questions on this topic with the help of mock tests and offline pdfs available on Smartkeeda App as well as Smartkeeda Website. You can also attempt “Topic Tests” available at Testzone to strengthen your concepts on the given topic.

Practice is the only way that you will be able to understand the type of puzzles you are good at and can answer within a couple of minutes. Practice different types of puzzles regularly to improve your problem-solving skills and speed.

Puzzle based important questions for IBPS Clerk Pre 2023

Verbal reasoning is a very important section of Reasoning Aptitude section with many sub sections within it. One of the verbal reasoning topics or sub sections is the topic of Puzzles. Puzzles can be of various types like puzzles on arrangement, comparison puzzles, conditional puzzles, complex puzzles, puzzles based on categories etc. They can also differ in terms of their level of difficulty with low level reasoning puzzles and high level reasoning puzzles. Questions on puzzles are very common in most of the competitive exams like IBPS PO Pre, IBPS Clerk Pre, SBI PO Pre, SBI Clerk Pre, IBPS PO Mains, IBPS Clerk Mains, SBI Clerk Mains, SBI PO Mains, Railways Exams, SSC CGL Tier 1, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, CLAT, MAT, etc. Almost all the competitive exams have at least one or two sets on puzzles questions. Sometimes, more than one third of the question paper comprises of puzzles. This is why aspirants cannot afford to ignore this important topic of Reasoning Aptitude. Also, puzzles are not difficult if the aspirant knows how to think while solving such quizzes on puzzles along with some easy tricks and shortcuts. On this page at Smartkeeda, the digital Question Bank for Aptitude Questions, we bring to you some puzzle questions along with how to solve them using the easiest methods possible. These puzzle questions are useful for upcoming exams like SBI Clerk 2023, SBI PO 2023, IBPS Clerk 2023, IBPS PO 2023, SSC CGL Tier 1 2023, IBPS RRB 2022-23, CDSE, CLAT 2023, MAT 2022-23, NIFT, IBPS SO Pre 2023, Syndicate Bank, Canara Bank, Railways, RBI Grade B, RRB Scale I, SEBI Grade A and many more bank and other competitive exams. So dear aspirants, what are you waiting for? Practice puzzle questions on Smartkeeda with our smart solutions and top your exam with flying colours.