Directions: In each of the questions, there are four sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence/s or part/s that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar and usage and choose the answer accordingly:
1
I. The Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council had spelt out
II. a ‘clear road map’ for the government to ramp up job creation
III. and infrastructure financing avenues while investing
IV. more resources on health, education and skill development.
» Explain it
A
Fragment IV: more resources on health, education and skill development.

Here, usage of the verb 'on' is erroneous here as the correct preposition that follows the verb 'invest' is 'in' and not 'on'.

Ex. He invested his money in stocks.

Correct fragment: more resources in health, education and skill development.

Option A is hence the correct answer.
2
I. Both revenue and profits, when compared to 
II. the results reported for the first quarter have shown 
III. signs of improvement that suggests
IV. a slow but steady pick-up in demand in the wider economy.
» Explain it
C
Fragment III: signs of improvement that suggests

In this fragment, the singular case of the verb 'suggest' is erroneous. Instead of 'suggests' it should be 'suggest' to make it grammatically correct.

Correct fragment: signs of improvement that suggest

The other fragments are absolutely correct and has no error in it.

Option C is hence the correct answer.



 
3
I. It is unconscionable for governments, through indifference and inaction,
II. to be subjected to citizens to such toxic air, and cause extreme suffering
III. especially among people with respiratory ailments
IV. and impaired lung function.
» Explain it
C
Fragment II: to be subjected to citizens to such toxic air, and cause extreme suffering 

Usage of the passive voice form of the inifitive 'to subject' is erroneous here.

Correct fragment: to subject to citizens to such toxic air, and cause extreme suffering 

Other three fragments are absolutely correct and thus have no error in them.

Option C is hence the correct answer.


 
4
I. Studies of police reforms have highlighted the need to make
II. the investigation process more scientific and rooted
III. in forensic analysis, but custodial torture and
IV. extracted confessions continue to be reported.
» Explain it
B
Fragment I: Studies of police reforms have highlighted the need to make 

In this fragment, usage of the preposition 'of' is erroneous. 'Studies' are done 'on' different subjects so 'on' would be a better choice here in place of 'of'.

Correct fragment: Studies on police reforms have highlighted the need to make 

Fragment II: the investigation process more scientific and rooted 

Here, the adverb of comperative degree 'more' should be there with both the adjectives. 

Correct fragment: the investigation process more scientific and more rooted 

The other two fragments are absolutely error free.

Option B is hence the correct answer.

 
5
I. Himachal Pradesh, in any case,
II. has always had robust voter participation,
III. with much higher turnouts
IV. relative to other north Indian States. 
» Explain it
E
All the fragments are grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Hence option E is correct.