Direction: In each of the questions, there are 4 sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence/s or part/s that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage and choose the answer accordingly.
1
I. The NHRC has directed to the State government
II. to take utmost care to see that the families of the deceased
III. are suitably compensated
IV. by ways of monetary relief, without any delay.
 
» Explain it
A
Fragment I: The NHRC has directed to the State government 

In this fragment the usage of the preposition 'to' right after the verb 'directed' is not required as the verb 'direct' takes an object immediately after it.

Correct fragment: The NHRC has directed the State government 

Fragment IV: by ways of monetary relief, without any delay.

Here, the plural case of the noun 'way' is ungrammatical as the sentence is referring to only one way; monetary relief.

Correct fragment: by way of monetary relief, without any delay.

Rest of the fragments are absolutely correct.

Option A is hence the correct answer.


 
2
I. To be fair, the RBI showed great regulatory forbearance
II. in allowing lenders to work out
III. remedies for genuine cases
IV. which faced a business cycle downturn. 
 
» Explain it
E
All the fragments are grammatically correct. The sentence, therefore, has no error.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
3
I. Indians and ‘Indian National Anthem’
II. being adjudged as the best by UNESCO
III. are probably the most common fake news
IV. going around the Internet. 
 
» Explain it
A
Fragment I: Indians and ‘Indian National Anthem’ 

In this fragment, the definite article 'the' must precede the phrase 'Indian National Anthem'.

Correct fragment: Indians and the ‘Indian National Anthem’ 

Fragment II: being adjudged as the best by UNESCO 

The verb 'adjudged' doesn't take 'as' after it so usage of it is erroenous here.

Correct fragment: being adjudged the best by UNESCO 

Fragment III: are probably the most common fake news 

The usage of the plural verb 'are' must be replaced by 'is' to make this fragment grammatically correct.

Correct fragment: is probably the most common fake news 

The fragment IV is absolutely correct.

Option A is hence the correct answer.


 
4
I. With our demographic spread
II. there has been an urgent need
III. to codify
IV. what is permissible social behaviour. 
 
» Explain it
B
Fragment II: there has been an urgent need 

The phrase 'an urgent need' implies that the tense has to be the present one. The correct verb will be 'is' instead of 'has been'.

Correct fragment: there is an urgent need

Fragment IV: what is permissible social behaviour. 

As it is not an interrogative sentence, the the clause will be in affirmative form.

Correct fragment: what permissible social behaviour is.

The rest of the fragments are correct.

Clearly, option B is the correct answer.




 
5
I. With a higher number of people with TB being tested
II. from drug resistance, the percentage with resistance
III. to the drug rifampicin alone more than doubled
IV. to 0.58 million in 2016 over the previous year.
 
» Explain it
D
Fragment II. from drug resistance, the percentage with resistance 

Here, the usage of the preposition 'from' is erroneous. People are tested for drug resistance and not from drug resistance.

Correct fragment: 
for drug resistance, the percentage with resistance 

The rest of the fragments are correct.

Option D is hence the correct answer.