Directions: The given sentence has been broken up into four different parts. The error, if any, will be in any one part of the sentence. Select the option which contains the part of the sentence which has an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option E.
1
Weather scientists say (A) / the initial phase of the monsoon (B) / was marred by (C) / adverse climactic conditions (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
D
The error is in fragment D. The word ‘climactic’ which means ‘consisting of or causing a climax’ makes this sentence absurd.
 
The correct word to be used here is ‘climatic’ which means ‘of or relating to climate’. 
 
The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
Weather scientists say the initial phase of the monsoon was marred by adverse climatic conditions.
 
Hence, option D is the correct answer.
2
People whom are (A) / concerned can avoid products (B) / that contain triclosan by (C) / reading the labels. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
A
The error is in fragment A. Subject here is ‘people’. The pronoun ‘who’ is used with subjects and ‘whom’ is used with objects. Here ‘who’ should be used instead of ‘whom’ in order to make the sentence correct.  
 
The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
People who are concerned can avoid products that contain triclosan by reading the labels.
 
Hence, option A is the correct answer.
3
With temperatures in northern Spain and southern France (A) / set of exceed 44C, governments urged their citizens (B) / to take the utmost precaution, warning that (C) / in some areas the worst was yet to come. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
B
The fragment B of the sentence is erroneous as the word ‘set’ must be followed the preposition ‘to’ instead of ‘of’ in this context. The expression ‘set to’ means ‘begin doing something vigorously’.
 
The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
With temperatures in northern Spain and southern France set to exceed 44C, governments urged their citizens to take the utmost precaution, warning that in some areas the worst was yet to come.
 
Hence, option B is the correct answer.
4
The US may want to pass laws about (A) / Hong Kong’s special position, but with (B) / US and China now at logerheads, Hong Kong residents (C) / will have to decide where their ultimate loyalty lies. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
C
The error is in fragment C. The word ‘logerheads’ is incorrect.
 
The correct spelling is ‘loggerheads’.  
 
The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
The US may want to pass laws about Hong Kong’s special position, but with US and China now at loggerheads, Hong Kong residents will have to decide where their ultimate loyalty lies.
 
Hence, option C is the correct answer.
5
Li and colleagues examined data on 1,848 women in the U.S. and found that (A) / those with the highest levels of triclosan in (B) / their urine were two and a half times as likely to have (C) / osteoporosis than women with the lowest triclosan levels. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
D
The error is in fragment D. The correct pair of correlative conjunctions should be used. In the fragment D, ‘as’ should be used instead of ‘than’ in order to make the sentence correct.
 
 The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
Li and colleagues examined data on 1,848 women in the U.S. and found that those with the highest levels of triclosan in their urine were two and a half times as likely to have osteoporosis as women with the lowest triclosan levels.
 
Option D is hence the correct answer.