Directions: The given sentence has been broken up into four different parts. The error, if any, will be in any one part of the sentence. Select the option which contains the part of the sentence which has an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option E.
1
Besides, central banks (A) / they have been aggressive in (B) / buying physical gold to (C) / cushion falling currencies. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
B
The error is in fragment B. Subject here is ‘central banks’. The pronoun ‘they’ is altering the meaning of the sentence and making it absurd.

Here ‘themselves’ should be used instead of ‘they’ in order to make the sentence correct.

‘Themselves’ is an empathic pronoun. It emphasizes the action done by the subject.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

Besides, central banks themselves have been aggressive in buying physical gold to cushion falling currencies.

Hence, option B is the correct answer.
 
2
The fact that the (A) / crowds got larger and larger are (B) / a reflection of how social media now (C) / feeds the echo chambers of all digital fans. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
B
The error is in fragment B. The subject ‘fact’ is singular. Hence the singular verb ‘is’ should be used instead of ‘are’ in order to make the sentence correct.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

The fact that the crowds got larger and larger is a reflection of how social media now feeds the echo chambers of all digital fans.

Hence, option B is the correct answer.
 
3
The monsoon has so far delivered 36% less (A) / rainfall than normal since the start (B) / of the season on June 1 due to a delay (C) / in the onset of the seasonal rains. (D) / No error(E)
» Explain it
E
The sentence is absolutely correct and thus has no error in it.

Hence, option E is the correct answer.
 
4
Authorities banned elder cars (A) / with higher emission levels (B) / from the roads in an attempt to (C) / offset a peak in air pollution. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
A
The error is in fragment A. The word ‘elder’ is incorrect in this context because it only used while referring to blood relations in humans. E. g. He is my elder brother.

The correct expression in this context is ‘older’ which can be used with both living as well as non-living things.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

Authorities banned older cars with higher emission levels from the roads in an attempt to offset a peak in air pollution

Hence, option A is the correct answer.
 
5
From companies building palm-sized satellites to those aiming to (A) / propel satellites into space using cleaner fuels, (B) / a new wave of space technology startups are mushrooming into India, (C) / catching the attention of investors keen to join the space race. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
C
The fragment C of the sentence is erroneous. The word ‘mushrooming’ is always followed by the preposition ‘in’.

Hence, the preposition ‘in’ must be used instead of ‘into’ in order to make the sentence correct.

‘’Mushrooming in’ means ‘growing and spreading fast’.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

From companies building palm-sized satellites to those aiming to propel satellites into space using cleaner fuels, a new wave of space technology startups are mushrooming in India, catching the attention of investors keen to join the space race.

Hence, option C is the correct answer.