Directions: The given sentence has been broken up into four different parts. The error, if any, will be in any one part of the sentence. Select the option which contains the part of the sentence which has an error (spelling, grammatical or contextual). If there is no error, choose option E.
1
That residents are now given minimum piped water and meagre tanker (A) / supplies totalled a third of the installed capacity of 1,494 million litres a day, (B) / that too mainly from desalination plants, faraway lakes and (C) / farm wells, is proof of the neglect of water governance. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
B
The error is in fragment B. The word form ‘totalled’ makes this sentence incorrect.

The correct form of the word which is to be used here is ‘totalling’ instead of ‘totalled’.

The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
That residents are now given minimum piped water and meagre tanker supplies totalling a third of the installed capacity of 1,494 million litres a day, that too mainly from desalination plants, faraway lakes and farm wells, is proof of the neglect of water governance.

Hence, option B is the correct answer.
 
2
RBI has raised (A) / misgivings (B) / about Mudra loans (C) / turning non-performing. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
E
The sentence is absolutely correct and thus has no error in it.

Hence, option E is the correct answer.
 
3
Many of my cousins beat (A) / around the bushes (B) / quite a bit, especially when they have (C) / to give you bad news. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
B
The correct idiomatic expression is 'beat around the bush' and not 'beat around the bushes'. The error hence is in fragment B.

Beat around the bush (Idiom):

To talk about lots of unimportant things because you want to avoid talking about what is really important

E. g. Quit beating around the bush and say what's on your mind!

The correct sentence would therefore be:
 
Many of my cousins beat around the bush quite a bit, especially when they have to give you bad news.

Hence, option B is the correct answer.
 
4
The Bombay High Court on Thursday upheld (A) / the constitutional validity of (B) / reservation of the Maratha community (C) / in government jobs and education. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
C
The fragment C of the sentence is erroneous. The word ‘reservation’ should be followed by the preposition ‘for’ in order to make the sentence meaningfully correct.

Hence, the preposition ‘for’ must be used instead of ‘of’ in this sentence.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

The Bombay High Court on Thursday upheld the constitutional validity of reservation for the Maratha community in government jobs and education.

Hence, option C is the correct answer.
 
5
What the index makes clear is that (A) / governments, both central and state, (B) / needs to spend a lot more on health, (C) / and on sanitation, drinking water supply and air quality. (D) / No error (E)
» Explain it
C
The error is in fragment C. The subject ‘governments’ is plural and should be qualified by the plural form of the verb ‘need’.

Hence, ‘need’ should be used instead of ‘needs’ in order to make the sentence correct.

The correct sentence would therefore be:

What the index makes clear is that governments, both central and state, need to spend a lot more on health, and on sanitation, drinking water supply and air quality.

Hence, option C is the correct answer