Directions: Study the following questions carefully and choose the right answer.
1
Directions(Q.1–5): In the questions given below, a statement has been expressed in four different ways. You are required to choose the one/s which is/are correct grammatically and contextually.
 
I. The entire paradigm of development of the existing government in Uttarakhand is geared towards construction at the cost of the environment.
 
II. All that the Uttarakhand Government cares about are the destruction of the environment.

III. The existing Government in Uttarakhand is focused on a construction based development pattern even if it entails harm to the environment.

IV. Uttarakhand’s complete development pattern is focused on environment based construction by involving destruction of natural resources.
» Explain it
C
The statement wants to convey that the development pattern of the current government in Uttarakhand is focused on construction and does not care about any adverse impact on the environment.
 
Statement I conveys this well and is grammatically correct.
 
Statement II is incorrect as it does not convey all the information and is incomplete. Also, the use of ‘are’ for a single subject also makes it grammatically incorrect.
 
Statement III conveys this well and is grammatically correct.
 
Statement IV is incorrect as it is logically incoherent. Environment base construction cannot be undertaken by destroying the environment itself as is mentioned in the statement.
 
Hence, option C is correct.
 
2
I. Besides submerging large forest areas and displacing people, the dam’s huge reservoir will increase the capillary movement of water in nearby areas, resulting in frequent landslides.
 
II. The dam’s huge reservoir will cause frequent landslides due to an increase in the capillary movement of water in nearby areas, apart from submerging large forest areas and displacing people.
 
III. While submerging large forest areas and displacing people, conversely the dam’s huge reservoir had increase the capillary movement of water in nearby areas, leading to frequent landslides.
 
IV. The dam’s huge reservoir is increase the capillary movement of water in nearby areas and in addition submerging large forest areas and displacing people, would result in frequent landslides.
» Explain it
A
The statement wants to convey that the dam would not only lead to displacement of people and submerging large forest areas, it would increase the capillary movement of water in nearby areas and cause frequent landslides.
 
Statement I is correct and articulates the correct meaning.
 
Statement II is also correct contextually and grammatically.
 
Statement III is incorrect grammatically due to use of ‘had increase’ which changes the tense of the statement.
 
Statement IV is incorrect as it seems to imply that the increase in the capillary movement of water would lead not only in frequent landslides but also submerging large forest areas and displacing people. This is not logically coherent. The dam itself and not the capillary action would lead to the displacement of the people and submerging of the area. Also,, grammatically, the sentence structure is faulty along with the is use of ‘is increase the capillary’ instead of ‘will increase the capillary’.
 
Hence, option A is correct.
 
3
I. Cape Town, one of the global tourist hotspots in South Africa, has been in the news for its dreaded “day zero,” signifying the possibility of taps running out of water.
 
II. After Cape Town is one of the global tourist hotspots in South Africa, it has the possibility of taps running out of water, a situation known as ‘day zero’.
 
III. As per news, there is a possibility of taps running out of water, a dreaded situation referred to as ‘day zero’, in Cape Town which is one of the global tourist hotspots in South Africa.
 
IV. After being in the news for its ‘day zero’ when taps would run out of water, Cape Town is one of the global tourists hotspots in South Africa.
» Explain it
B
The sentence tries to convey that Cape Town, a popular tourist destination spot, has been in the news recently due to the possibility of ‘day zero’.
 
Statement I conveys this well and is grammatically correct.
 
Statement II is incorrect as it seems to imply that day zero would occur in Cape Town because it is a popular tourist spot. This does not make sense. Also after at the beginning is not suited well in terms of grammar.
 
Statement III conveys this well and is grammatically correct.
 
Statement IV is incorrect as it implies that Cape Town became a tourist spot after it became famous for the possibility of day zero.
 
Hence, option B is correct.
 
4
I. The IMF is cheerful because it has painted a rosy picture of the world economy in its latest forecast for global growth.
 
II. The IMF’s latest forecast for global growth painted a relatively rosy outlook for the world economy.
 
III. The IMF is optimistic about the world economy as seen in its latest forecast for global growth.
 
IV. As the world economy’s outlook is optimistic, the IMF’s latest forecast on global growth confirms the same.
» Explain it
B
Statement I is incorrect as it is logically absurd. It implies IMF is happy because it gave a positive report on growth numbers which is illogical.
 
Statement IV is incorrect as it implies that because the world economy is positive, the IMF confirms the same. This clearly does not make any sense.
 
Both Statements II and III are correct contextually and grammatically.
 
Hence, option B is correct.
 
5
I. The amount of cash in circulation has returned to normal levels since the government abruptly voided most banknotes in 2016, but there has been a spike in demand for cash in the past few months.
 
II. With the government abruptly void most banknotes in 2016, the amount of cash in circulation has returned to normal levels with a spike in demand for cash in the past few months.

III. Due to a spike in demand for cash in the past few months, the government abruptly voided most banknotes in 2016 and returning the amount of cash in circulation to normal levels.
 
IV. A spike in demand of cash in the past few months has been witnessed just when the amount of cash in circulation have returned to normal levels since the government abruptly voided most banknotes in 2016.
» Explain it
B
The statement tries to say that since the time the government demonetized notes, the amount of cash in circulation has now returned to normal levels although there has been a spike in demand for cash in the past few months.
 
Statement I is correct contextually and grammatically.
 
Statement II is incorrect as it implies that after the government voided banknotes, the cash in circulation reached normal levels. This is logically incorrect. Also, void is grammatically incorrect.
 
Statement III is incorrect as it implies that it was the spike in demand for cash that prompted the government to demonetize and this returned the cash in circulation to normal levels. Also, returning is grammatically incorrect.
 
Statement IV is incorrect as it in grammatically absurd due to phrases like ‘cash in circulation have returned’.
 
Hence, option B is correct.