Directions: Study the following questions carefully and choose the right answer.
1
Directions(Q.1–5): In the questions given below, a statement has been divided into 5 parts with one or more parts containing an error (grammatical and contextual). You are required to choose the part/parts which do not have an error and are contextually and grammatically correct.

Unlike South Africa, where race is a major fault line,(A)/ India has numerous conceivable divergences and (B)/ any further stress on water has the (C)/ potential to deepen and broaden fissures across (D)/ castes, religions, regions, and social and political units. (E)
» Explain it
E
All of the fragments are correct and hence have no error.

Hence, option E is correct.

2
India has surmounting pressure on its existing (A)/ resources to meet food security and malnutrition (B)/ targets under agreed Sustainable Development (C)/ Goals set by the United Nations, which (D)/ will came into effect in January 2016.(E)
» Explain it
C
Fragment E is incorrect due to use of ‘will came’Came is the simple past tense form of come and does not need the auxiliary verb ‘will’. Also, will depicts the future while came portrays the past and logically, both cannot be used together.

The rest of the fragments are correct.

Correct Statement: India has surmounting pressure on its existing resources to meet food security and malnutrition targets under agreed Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations, which came into effect in January 2016.

Hence, option C is correct.
 
3
If economic development of the country in a whole is (A)/ the goal, some issues the US and other advanced economies needs (B)/ to solve is delivering the training, and upskilling that (C)/ will protect US workers with (D)/ Chinese competition in a fundamental, sustainable way.(E)
» Explain it
B
Fragment A has an error due to use of incorrect preposition in instead of adverb as.

Fragment B has an error due to subject verb disagreement. Here, issues is in plural and needs a plural verb need.

Fragment C has an error due to use of is instead of are. There are multiple issues mentioned and thus are would be used.

Fragment D has an error due to use of with. US workers need to be protected from Chinese workers.

Fragment E is correct.

Correct Statement: If economic development of the country as a whole is the goal, the principal problem the US and other advanced economies need to solve are delivering the training, and upskilling that will protect US workers from Chinese competition in a fundamental, sustainable way.

Hence, option B is correct.
 
4
The killing of civilians in an allege use of chemical weapons (A)/ by the Syrian government, has led to the build of (B)/ momentum to begin another around of military (C)/ strikes against the Bashar al-Assad-led (D)/ government by the United States (US) and its allies.(E)
» Explain it
A
Fragment A is incorrect due to use of allege which means claim/assertion. The correct form of the word would be the past participle- alleged.

Fragment B is incorrect due to the use of incorrect form of build. We need to use the present participle- building.

Fragment C is incorrect due to use of around instead of round. The fragment tries to convey that one more round/volley of strikes against Syrian government would soon begin.

Correct statement: The killing of civilians in an alleged use of chemical weapons by the Syrian government, has led to the building of momentum to begin another round of military strikes against the Bashar al-Assad-led government by the United States (US) and its allies.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
5
Apart from the controversy about the use of the 2011 (A)/ population instead of 1971, which may result (B)/ in smaller shares of the common pool of revenues for (C)/ some states, the Terms of Reference of the fifteenth Finance (D)/ Commission are heavily loaded in favour of the union government. (E)/
» Explain it
D
The error lies in fragment C- use of of instead of forThe statement tries to say that using 2011 figures would result in some states getting a smaller share fromthe common pool of resources.

Correct statement: Apart from the controversy about the use of the 2011 population instead of 1971, which may result in smaller shares from the common pool of revenues for some states, the Terms of Reference of the fifteenth Finance Commission are heavily loaded in favour of the union government.

Hence, option D is correct.