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Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled A, B, C, D and E, among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage.
1
A. During the framing of the Constitution, the subject of cow slaughter was one of the most fraught and contentious topics of debate. 

B. 
This dispute over prohibiting the sale of cows and buffaloes for slaughter at animal markets has a history, which goes back to the founding of the Republic. 

C. 
The Supreme Court rejected these arguments and upheld the laws, but it did so by focussing its reasoning entirely on — apparent — economic considerations. 

D. 
Proponents of a cow slaughter ban advanced a mix of cultural and economic arguments, invoking the “sentiments of thirty crores of population” on the one hand, and the indispensability of cattle in an agrarian economy on the other.

E. 
Seth Govind Das, a member of the Constituent Assembly, framed it as a “civilisational problem from the time of Lord Krishna”, and called for the prohibition of cow slaughter to be made part of the Constitution’s chapter on fundamental rights, on a par with the prohibition of untouchability. 
» Explain it
C
If we read all the sentences carefully we can infer that the paragraph centres around the history of the debate over cow slaughtering issue in India. However, among the sentences given, all except sentence C are in line with the context.

The sentence C is clearly a part of some other paragraph and must be the odd one out here.

Option C is hence the correct answer. 
2
A. There was a time in our country when prejudice was not allowed to blatantly declare itself. 
 
B. We hear far more strident voices against reservation, against allowing communities to eat what they want, against norms of behaviour of women and such voices are getting normalised and have become part of our public gossip.
 
C. There was a time when there was something that was shameful about publicly stating one’s prejudices. 

D. 
Repeatedly, we hear statements about caste, religion, the poor and the marginalised, in public domains and in public conversations as if they are matters of fact and not fictions of prejudice.

E. 
The prejudices inherent in our media are compounded by those inherent in our education system. 
» Explain it
E
The whole paragraph centres around how being prejudiced was considered in the past and how it is being seen in today’s era.

We can observe that all the sentences except E, are general and take the whole context into consideration whereas the sentence E specifically talks about prejudices in our education system.

Clearly, option E is a misfit here.

Option E is hence the correct answer. 
3
A. The honest answer is in the negative as the approaches of India and China towards Africa are essentially different. 

B. This was reflected in deliberations at the annual meeting of the African Development Bank (AfDB) recently. 

C. 
The AfDB’s decision to hold its meeting here in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, demonstrated its confidence in recent achievements and future prospects of the Indian economy. 

D. 
India-Africa engagement is getting stronger with the active involvement of political and business leaders of both sides. 

E. 
AfDB president Akinwumi Adesina called India “a developing beacon for the rest of the world”, adding that the time was right for India and Africa to forge “winning partnerships”.
» Explain it
A
While all the sentences, except A, talk about the synergy between India and Africa in terms of politics and business, sentence A points towards the difference in the approaches of India and China towards Africa.

Clearly, sentence A is a misfit here.

Option A is hence the correct answer. 
4
A. Corruption is pervasive across government departments, and Mr. Ghani is yet to begin delivering on his promise to streamline governance. 

B. 
The problem in Afghanistan has political, diplomatic and security dimensions. 

C. 
Politically, the government is seen to be corrupt, incompetent, and unable to get its act together. 

D. 
Even so, the repeated strikes in the most fortified areas with mounting casualties demonstrate a steadily deteriorating security situation. 

E. 
President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah are reportedly not on the same page on key issues. 
» Explain it
D
Clearly, the sentence B opens the discussion by asserting the problems Afghanistan has been facing on different fronts. We can observe that all the sentences, except D, are in line with the idea discussed in the sentence B.

Sentence D would have also been considered a part of the paragraph, had the adverbial phrase ‘Even so’ not been there. Usage of ‘Even so’ indicates a contradiction but among the sentences given, all seem to be pointing towards the problems in Afghanistan.

Clearly, option D is the correct answer.
5
A. Passed in 2016, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code was formulated to make the process of shutting down and exiting a business easier and less time-consuming. 

B. 
The code aims to bring this down to within a year.

C. 
When a firm defaults on its debt, its control will shift to a committee of creditors.

D. 
Apart from helping companies, it was also expected to improve India’s rankings in the World Bank’s ease of doing business index. 

E. 
India currents ranks 130th overall — out of 189 countries — and 136th on the parameter of ‘resolving insolvency’, with the World Bank saying it takes four years to resolve a bankruptcy case. 
» Explain it
C
While all the sentences, except C, centre around ‘What  the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code is’, the sentence C expresses ‘What the Code seeks to do’ which must be a part of a latter paragraph.

Clearly, sentence C is a misfit here.

Option C is hence the correct answer.