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Directions: In each of the following questions a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given, to make the passage complete and coherent (coherent means logically complete and sound).
1
Providing benefits for women on maternity leave and children is a societal responsibility which can be funded in a large country through a combination of general taxation and contributory payments from those who have the means. Health care should be treated as a right and deliveries handled without cost to women. ______________________________. Such a policy would harmonise the varying maternity benefit provisions found in different laws that govern labour at present.
 
» Explain it
A
The paragraph starts while quoting that providing benefits for women and children is a societal responsibility. The sentence further states how the funds can be collected for this purpose. Out of the choices available, the sentence A clearly fits the blank most appropriately and the usage of the phrase ‘income guarantees’ confirms the same.

Option A is hence the correct answer.


 
2
Fringe elements affiliated with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have been in the news ever since the party came to power. Activists who pretend to be associated with the Trinamool Congress in West Bengal and the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh too have had their day in the news. _________________________. First, the “fringe” is encouraged by the party as a strategy to appeal to more extreme elements within the party and to polarise politics. Second, and more specific to the right wing, some believe that these individuals’ provocative actions and remarks are indicative of the government’s tacit support for Hindutva principles. 
 
» Explain it
C
Out of all the sentences option C fits the blank most appropriately as it takes the discussion started in the paragraph further in the most logical manner.

Moreover, usage of the adjective ‘such’ before the word ‘activism’ indicates that the sentence preceding the blank must have a reference of ‘activism’ and the presence of ‘activists’ in the very beginning of the sentence validates it.

Option C is hence the correct answer.


 
3
Traditional pharmacies have been knocking at the doors of the government for some time now as they face intense competition from e-pharmacies. Their profit margins and market share have faced pressure in recent years from e-pharmacies that often offer medicines at cheaper prices. ____________________________. The AIOCD has repeatedly accused e-pharmacies of a wide range of malpractices, including selling fake drugs and enabling self-medication. The organisation has been citing these issues to seek a ban on the sale of drugs online.
 
» Explain it
E
If we read the sentences carefully, we can observe the presence of a keyword – AIOCD in the sentence following the blank. The same keyword is present in the sentence given as option E. Moreover, usage of its expanded form ‘All India Organisation of Chemists and Druggists’ for the first time in the paragraph confirms this sentence to be fitting the blank.

Option E is hence the correct answer.


 
4
With the direction of global headwinds remaining uncertain, growth in government spending budgeted to be lower this year compared to last year, and private investment virtually absent, the lowering GDP numbers should serve as a reality check. _____________________________. While the government has vigorously underlined its reform achievements of the last three years, such as the Goods and Services Tax that rolls out in July, a mission-mode reforms reboot is urgently needed. And that can only begin if the problem is suitably acknowledged by policymakers.
 
» Explain it
B
As it clearly seen that the sentence preceding the blank shows concern regarding the lowering GDP, the only sentence that fits the blank coherently is option B.

It aligns to the idea introduced in the first sentence and connects well to the sentences that follow.

Option B is hence the correct answer.


 
5
The United States currently gives an impression of being at war with itself. This stems from a series of charges and countercharges levied against President Donald Trump and his advisers, including that of collusion with the Russians, who are accused of meddling with the presidential election. _____________________________. Meanwhile, the kaleidoscopic nature of the changes taking place in the top echelons of the new administration is hardly helping matters. The peremptory actions of the President, such as the dismissal of Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Director James Comey, has only aggravated this situation. Almost every step taken by the new administration is leading to partisan rows. 
 
» Explain it
C
If we read the given paragraph carefully we can observe that charges and countercharges had already been levied against President Trump. Therefore, usage of option A for the blank would just become redundant in the context.

Out of the rest of the options, option C that confirms the launch of several probes against the President fits the blank most appropriately.

Option C is hence the correct answer.


 

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