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Directions: In the given statements, a blank has been given which needs to be filled up using the correct word/combination of words from the options mentioned, so that the resulting statement is grammatically and contextually correct.
1
The BJP may not need to rethink all its alliances, but it must rework its relationships with its allies if it wants to head a strong ___________ of forces in 2019.

I. coalition
II. concussion
III. union
» Explain it
C
Coalition- alliance for combined action.

Concussion- blow/collision/injury.

Union- An association of parties especially in the political context.

The sentence advises the ruling party to work out its relationships with its present associates in order to obtain a strong alliance for the 2019 elections.

Choices I and III render the same meaning while choice II is absurd and nowhere connected to the context.

Hence option C is correct.
2
The double whammy of the STT and LTCG will further ___________ short-term trading in stocks over long-term investment.

I. enact
II. privilege
III. demonstrate
» Explain it
B
Enact means to make law/applicable by law.

Privilege means a special right or advantage.

Demonstrate means to show.

The sentence talks about how the enactment of both taxes i.e. STT and LTCG will result in customers preferring short-term stocks over long term ones.

The only word that suits the blank is “privilege” as seen from the meaning given above.

Hence option B is correct.
3
All seven planets have the potential for _____________ water, but the chances to find it in liquid form are highest in the temperate "Goldilocks" zone.

I. harboring
II. searching
III. retaining
» Explain it
C
Harboring has several meanings- to shelter, to possess, to keep a secretive thought etc. Here it means to possess.

Searching means to look for.

Retaining means to hold on to something.

Here, all the seven planets have water but the availability of that water in liquid form is highest in the "Goldilocks" zone.

This means that the planets already have water and there's no need to search for it. Thus choice II is irrelevant.

Choices III is incorrect as retaining makes sense if something is available in the first place.

Only Choice I is correct.

Hence option C is the correct answer.
4
Playing with a lot of passion, the 253rd- ranked Ankita came out with ____________ hitting to catch Lin by surprise and finally beat her.

I. relentless
II. ruthless
III. inexorable
» Explain it
D
Relentless, ruthless and Inexorable are the synonyms and mean/cruel/merciless.

In the context of the sentence, merciless hitting has been done by a player to beat her rival.

All the three choices fit the blank very well.

Hence option D is the correct answer.
5
The company is __________ 16 products from its global portfolio at the expo.

I. flaunting
II. showcasing
III. exhibiting
» Explain it
A
Flaunting means to show-off/boastful display.

Showcasing and exhibiting are synonyms and mean to show or display.

The sentence simply conveys that the company would be displaying its products but does not state whether the display would be modest or boastful.

Thus, choices II and III fit in well while Choice I can be eliminated..

Hence option A is the correct answer.

How to solve Fill In the Blank Type Questions for various competitive exams

Fill in the Blanks or Sentence Fillers is one of the most important topics in the English Section of any Bank PO/Bank Clerk/CLAT/SSC or any other competitive exams. All the Bank PO/Bank Clerk/CLAT/SSC exams have at least a few questions on fill in the blanks. Thus, this article focuses on preparing fill in the blanks for Bank PO/Bank Clerk/CLAT/SSC exams of different types.

Fill in the blank questions are important not only for Bank Exams but also SSC exams, Railways, Law (CLAT) and even Insurance related exams respectively. Some prominent Bank exams for which fill in the blanks form an important topic include SBI Clerk, SBI PO, IBPS Po, IBPS clerk, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, IBPS SO, Syndicate Bank, Canara Bank, RRB Assistant, RRB Scale I. Apart from the Bank exams mentioned above, fill in the blank related questions are also asked in SSC CHSL, SSC CGL Tier I, CGL Tier II English etc. These questions on fill in the blanks also feature in Law exams like CLAT 2019 apart from being important for Railways exams- RRB Group D and RRB ALP respectively.

With new pattern questions in Fill in the blanks or Sentence Fillers coming up in nearly every bank PO exam, the level of difficulty is set to rise in the coming times. Thus, it is necessary to understand how such questions on Fill in the blanks or Sentence Fillers are to be solved and have a game plan ready to deal with them. One does not need to know the correct answer every time for all fill in the blank questions. If the aspirant knows the basics, they can easily mark the correct answer by eliminating options.

We will talk about some important tips on solving questions on fill in the blanks or Sentence Fillers below. Following this, we’ll also take a look at some example questions from various types of exams to understand the various patterns of fill in the blank questions or Sentence Fillers questions that can be asked in an exam.

What do Questions on Fill in the Blanks or Sentence Fillers include?
In such questions, aspirants are provided with one or multiple statements with one or two words missing (depending on the difficulty level). The aspirant is also provided with a couple of options from which the correct option is to be chosen, post which the statement would make sense contextually and grammatically. Sometimes, instead of a single word, an entire phrase is missing and the aspirant has to punch in the correct phrase as the answer.

Tips for solving Fill in the Blank/Sentence Fillers Questions for Bank Po and CLAT 2019:

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers TIP I:

Read and re-read!

Read the statement at least two times. At this point, the aim is to understand the meaning, tone and context of the question without looking at the options given.

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers TIP II:

Connect the dots!

Try and find conjunctions/connectors in the statement which give you an idea of the tone well. For example, words like ‘and’ ‘because’, ‘along with’ etc supplement the subject and add to it. The statement is said to go in the same direction. On the other hand, words like ‘although’, ‘despite’, ‘even if’ etc indicate a contradiction in the statement and give us a hint about the direction of the statement. Such clues can help us find the correct word.

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers TIP III:

There is no substitute for hard work.

Have a strong base of grammar rules, idioms and phrase, vocabulary etc. The more you know various idioms, phrases, proverbs etc, the better your chances are. Similarly, the better your vocabulary, better your chances of recognizing which option would fit in and which won’t. The trick here to read newspapers and books- anything that interests you.

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers TIP IV:

Inky Pinky Ponky…!

One should try and eliminate options. Put them in the blank one after the other and check if they fit in meaningfully. Words which are opposite to what is needed or mean something else can be eliminated this way. Words which do not agree with the statements due to grammar usage like tense, subject-verb mismatch can also be eliminated this way.

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers TIP V:

Practice, Practice and more Practice!

Nothing beats the age old formula of working hard. The only way to have an idea of the kind of questions expected is to practice as much as you can. This includes a mix of past year papers as well as mock tests. Analysis of the mock is extremely important and should be done thoroughly to understand the areas where the aspirant is going wrong and the reason for the same.

Now, let us look at some sample questions from our mock tests at Smartkeeda to understand the variations in the fill in the blank questions for various Bank PO, Bank Clerk, CLAT and other exams-

Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type: Single Blank single statements
Important for:  SSC CGL Tier 1, SSC LDC, SSC DEO, SSC Stenographer, CLAT

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 1:

The pickpocket _________ Mohan's wallet and watch.
(A.)  stowed
(B.)  made off with
(C.)  set aside
(D.)  cut off
 
Explanation
Make off with something (idiom):
to steal something.

Ex. Someone broke into the vehicle last night and made off with three sculptures worth about Rs. 6 crores. 
 
Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 2

Hindus believe that ___________ from the cycle of birth and rebirth can be attained only by good deeds.

(A.)  bondage
(B.)  deliverance
(C.)  delivery
(D.)  withdrawal
 
Explanation
Deliverance (noun):
The action of being rescued or set free.

Common synonyms to the word ‘deliverance’ are liberation, release, freeing, rescue, delivery, discharge, ransom, emancipation, etc.

Ex. "prayers for deliverance"
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type: Single Statement with two Blanks/Double Fillers

Important for:  SBI Clerk Mains, SBI PO Pre, IBPS Clerk Mains, IBPS PO Pre, RRB Office Asst Mains, RRB Scale I Mains

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 3:

Directions: The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence. 

The play _________ so real, we almost forgot where we were, and believed we were watching the ________ scenes as they were acted so long ago.

(A.)  looked, unreal
(B.)  fared, imaginary
(C.)  seemed, genuine
(D.)  projected, hazy
(E.)  existed, questionable

Explanation
The sentence implies that the play “appeared to be” real but in reality it wasn't and hence, “seemed” meaning 'give the impression of being something' fits the first blank. “Looked” also qualifies for this blank. However, “fared”, “projected” and “existed” do not reflect this meaning. Hence, options B, D and E can be eliminated.
 
For the second blank, the appropriate word should be similar in meaning to “real”. Hence, only “genuine” meaning 'not fake or counterfeit' fits the second blank.
 
Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type: Single Statement with two blanks
Important for:  SBI Clerk Mains, SBI PO Pre, IBPS Clerk Mains, IBPS PO Pre, RRB Office Asst Mains, RRB Scale I Mains

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 4:

Although it still keeps most of its exhibition slots for the _________ artists, the gallery now also _________ lesser known contemporary artists.

(A.)  established, reduces
(B.)  famous, promotes
(C.)  celebrated, blames
(D.)  unknown, presents
(E.)  classical, produces
 
Explanation
The given sentence uses the conjunction “although”, which means the sentence describes two contradictory scenarios happening at the same time.
 
As the latter part of the sentence mentions “lesser known artists”, the first blank requires an adjective which will be opposite to it in meaning. This eliminates option D as “unknown” does not provide the necessary contrast for the first blank.
 
Further, the gallery cannot “reduce”, “blame”, or “produce” lesser known artists. Thus options A, C and E are eliminated as well.

Both the words in option B fits the respective blanks appropriately.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type: Two statements with one blank each and a common word to be fit in both the blanks.

Important for:  SBI Clerk Mains, SBI PO Pre, IBPS Clerk Mains, IBPS PO Pre, RRB Office Asst Mains, RRB Scale I Mains, IBPS PO, IBPS SO, IBPS PO Mains

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 5:

Directions: In this question five alternatives are given under each sentence and you are required to select the most suitable alternative to fill in the blank/blanks in the sentence to make it meaningful.

A. All the_______will go to a local charity.
 
B. The urge with which manager________towards any given task is mind blowing.
 
(A.)  progresses
(B.)  accumulation 
(C.)  proceeds
(D.)  gains 
(E.)  begins

Explanation
‘Progresses’ does not fit the first blank as the blanks requires a noun.
 
An accumulation of something is a large number of things which have been collected together, hence it can’t be used in the second sentence. The second statement requires a verb.
 
‘Proceeds’ can be used as a noun in the first sentence. The proceeds of an event or activity are the money that has been obtained from it.
 
‘Proceeds’ can be used as a verb in the second sentence. If you proceed with a course of action, you continue with it.
 
 Thus, Proceeds best fits in both the contexts.

Hence, option C is correct.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type: Question Type: Two statements with two blanks each and a common set of two words to be fit in both the statements.
Important for:  IBPS PO Mains, SBI PO Mains, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, IBPS SO,
RRB SCALE I MAINS

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 6:

Directions: In questions below, there are two statements, with each statement consisting of two blanks. You have to choose the option which proivdes the correct set of words that fits both the blanks in both the statements appropriately and in the same order making them meaningful and grammatically correct.

I. Since it was her first offence, the judge let her off with a     ____     rather than a     _____    sentence.
 
II. He was absolutely  _____      back then but the stint in   ______     did him no good.

(A.)  prison, fine
(B.)  fine, prison
(C.)  warning, fine
(D.)  fine, warning
(E.)  reminder, verdict
 
Explanation
Option A is the opposite of what the sentence wants to convey and is wrong. Also, it does not fit in with the second statement.

Option C looks correct in the first statement but does not make sense without other words. Also, it does not fit in with the second statement as well.

Option D is the opposite again and incorrect and also is absurd in the second statement.

Option E does not fit in with either of the two statements.
Option B is correct.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type:  One statement with one blank and multiple correct answers.

Important for:  IBPS PO Pre, SBI PO Pre, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, RBI Assistant, SBI Clerk Mains, IBPS Clerk Mains

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 7:

Directions: In the following sentence one blank is given and there can be more than one word that can fit the blank appropriately. Choose the best option among the given ones.

If taken seriously and without _________, it appeared to show that the shock and awe of demonetisation had no negative impact on the growth trajectory of the Indian economy.
 
(A.) humour
(B.) skepticism
(C.) disparaging
(D.) only A and B
(E.) only A and C
 
Explanation
The author wants us to believe that demonetization had no negative impact on the growth of the economy. 
 
Humour: The sentence already says if taken seriously. Using the word humour again does not make sense here. Hence, option A is incorrect.

Skepticism means disbelief/doubt/ hesitation. This fits in with the statement and is correct.

Disparaging means to censure/ blame. Although the word itself may fit in, its –ing form is incorrect grammatically here.
 
Hence, option B is correct.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type:  One statement with three blanks and the correct answer along with the sequence needs to be checked.

Bank Exams important for:  IBPS PO Pre, SBI PO Pre, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, RBI Assistant, SBI Clerk Mains, IBPS Clerk Mains, RRB Scale I, NIACL etc

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 8:
 
Directions: In the statement given below, certain words have been omitted and marked as I, II and III. One word has been suggested below for each blank. You are required to check if the word fits in the blank against which it is mentioned. If all the words are correct but not in the proper sequence, mark (D) as the answer. If all the words are correct, mark E as the answer.

In the era of complex ___ I ___ politics and India being a federal country, any optimism for ___ II ___ the subject of water from the state list to either the union list or the concurrent list is nothing short of ___ III ___.

I. Coalition
II. Retaining
III. Delusion

(A.)  Only II
(B.)  Only III
(C.)  Only I and III
(D.)  Sequence needs to be changed
(E.)  All are in correct sequence

Explanation
Blank I is correct and reinforces the idea that India being a federal country has complex politics and the use of the word ‘coalition’ agrees with the idea.

Blank II is incorrect as retaining does not agree with the next few words ‘water from the state list to either the union list or the concurrent list’. The use of from and to indicate something is being sent/transferred from one to another.

Blank III is correct. It states that the idea of transferring the subject of water from state to union list is absurd/ delusional. This is correct.
Only I and III are correct.

Hence, option C is correct.
 
Fill in the Blanks/Sentence Fillers Question Type:  One paragraph with three blanks and six potential answers. The correct combination needs to be found.

Iimportant for:  IBPS PO Pre, SBI PO Pre, RBI Grade B, SEBI Grade A, RBI Assistant, SBI Clerk Mains, IBPS Clerk Mains, RRB Scale I, NIACL etc

Fill In the Blanks EXAMPLE 9:

Directions: In the question below, a short paragraph is given with 3 blanks, followed by six words. From the options, choose the one that provides the correct combination of 3 of the given words which fit in the blanks in the right order.
 
The transgender community _________ a very specific intersection _________ marginalised communities that makes them uniquely _________ to sexual violence and medical neglect.

A. Occupies
B. Inhabit
C. With
D. Among
E. Spoiled
F. Vulnerable

(A.)  A-D-F
(B.)  D-A-C
(C.)  C-D-E
(D.)  B-D-F
(E.)  B-C-E

Explanation
The statement sympathizes with the transgender community and hence spoiled can be eliminated.

Inhabit does not match the rules of subject-verb agreement.

The only viable option is A.

The transgender community occupies a very specific intersection among marginalised communities that makes them uniquely vulnerable to sexual violence and medical neglect.

Hence, option A is correct.