Directions: The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence.
1
In this age of technology, banks have ___________ on a slew of innovative strategies to ___________ the general public.
» Explain it
D
Out of the given choices for the first blank either of the two choices - "embarked" and "commenced" the former fits the blank more appropriately as the verb embark is followed by the preposition 'on'. 

Ex. Religion, for example, seems altogether too vast a theme for him to embark on, and he usually prefers to deal with some single element or aspect.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
 
2
The department of heavy industries plans to _________ a vibrant ecosystem for the capital goods sector to ___________ manpower issues.
» Explain it
B
If we observe the options for the second blank both 'address' and 'resolve' are used as verbs and they mean to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it. But if we observe further, we can infer that the word 'export' is not meaningful for the first blank in the given context of the sentence. This eliminates option C and confirms option B as the correct answer.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
3
While he once had the wish to learn Portuguese, his ________ to master the language faded after ________ how difficult it really is.
» Explain it
E
In option A, ‘acknowledging’ would be a correct choice but the word 'efforts' would be wrong here. Efforts can decrease, efforts can lessen but 'efforts faded' is something we don't use often. This eliminates option A.

Option B gets eliminated as well as the word 'executing' for the second blank doesn't fit in the context of the passage. 
 
Option C would have been correct had the word for the first blank been 'enthusiasm' instead of 'enthusiastic'.

In option D, the word 'placating' which means 'to make (someone) less angry or hostile' would be absurd in the given context of the passage.

In option E, the word 'alacrity' which refers to 'brisk and cheerful readiness' and the word 'realizing' which means 'to get to know or understand something' fit the first and the second blank respectively and most appropriately.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
4
The _________ levels of inequality are a result of a _________ distribution of wealth resources and power legally enforced.
» Explain it
D
In option A, though the word 'rising' is suitable for the first blank, the second word 'even' would be inappropriate for the second blank both grammatically (because article 'an' must be used before the word) and contextually. The word 'uneven' would have been correct in its place.

In option B, the word 'complementary' doesn't make any sense if used for the second blank. And similarly, in option C, the word 'endearing'  and in option E, the word 'demeaning' would be illogical or absurd if used for the first blank in the sentence. Clearly, options B, C and E hence get eliminated.

In option D, the word 'staggering' which means 'very shocking and surprising' and the word 'skewed' which means 'not even' fit the blanks both grammatically and contextually. 

Option D is hence the correct answer.
 
5
The Centre is funding a research project on 5G technology being __________ by the country’s premier academic institutions with an _________ of Rs. 37 crore.
» Explain it
B
If we observe the words in the options for the first blank, we find that the context is about the acceptance and responsibility for a research project. Therefore any of the words ‘launched’, ‘tackled’, or 'attempted' does not fit the first blank. ‘Tried’ is also unsuitable as the sense doesn’t go to effort here. It goes to responsibility.

Further, the ‘outlay’ is the amount of money that you have to spend in order to start a project and it goes well with the context of the sentence.

Clearly, option B is the correct answer.