New Pattern Idioms and Phrases for SBI Clerk Pre 2018

Directions: Identify the words that are similar in meaning to the phrase in underline. If none of option conveys the correct meaning, mark (E) as your answer. The options do not necessarily need to be grammatically correct.
1
The difference in the cultural relationship to punctuality is another stumbling block between India and Japan.
» Explain it
B
Stumbling Block: A circumstance that causes difficulty or hesitation.

Ex: The country's water shortage was a stumbling block to investors.

Consecration refers to blessing.

Assistance meaning help, is opposite to the correct meaning.

Slab of rock takes the phrase in the literal sense and is incorrect.

Only Impediment, meaning obstacle fits in.

Hence, option B is correct.
 
2
A recent development that bodes well for the future is the collaboration between Panasonic and Tata Elxsi to develop smart solutions and products.
» Explain it
D
Bode: refers to forecasting/indicate/augur

Something bodes well when the clues or signs imply a favorable outcome.

Ex: Because I am a light sleeper, the dog's barking does not bode well for my desire to take a nap.

Definite  and certain are the opposite of indicate and incorrect.
Clues is irrelevant.

Only augur meaning foretell/portend/signify/bode is correct.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
3
He said that employees picked for jobs in India often act as though they have drawn the short straw.
» Explain it
A
Draw the last straw: To obtain the least favorable, desirable, or fortunate outcome in a given selection.

Ex: I drew the short straw when it came to cleaning up after our shift last night.

Desired result is the opposite of what is meant by the idiom.

Exaggerate means to overstate/amplify something.

Camouflage means to hide something.

Unfavorable outcome fits in well.

Hence, option A is correct.
 
4
The USA and Japan have a common strategic objective in countering Chinese hegemony in Asia, a goal that can be best met in collaboration.
» Explain it
C
Collaboration: To work jointly on an activity or project.

Ex: He collaborated with him on numerous hotel projects.

Berate means to scold severely and is irrelevant.

Distinctly is opposite to the correct meaning.

Recuperate is to recover.

Mutually means together and is correct.

Hence, option C is correct.

5
`Whenever such an audacious attack occurs, analysts hold their breath anticipating a major military confrontation between two nuclear powers.
» Explain it
B
Hold one’s breath: . Be excited, anxious, or nervous. In the above context, the phrase is negative.

Ex: The election was so close that I held my breath until the final results were in.

Option A is absurd. Out of the rest, only option B fits in with the context.

Hence, option B is correct.