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Direction : Study the following question carefully and choose the right answer.
1
When you turn on the computer, the boot routine will perform this test—
» Explain it
D
A power-on self-test (POST) is a process performed by firmware or software routines immediately after a computer or other digital electronic device is powered on.

The results of tests run by the POST may be displayed on a panel that is part of the device, output to an external device, or stored for future retrieval by a diagnostic tool. Since a self-test might detect that the system's usual human-readable display is non-functional, an indicator lamp or a speaker may be provided to show error codes as a sequence of flashes or beeps. In addition to running tests, the POST process may also set the initial state of the device from firmware.



» Explain it
B
MS-Word is an example of Application software.

MS-Word: Microsoft Word or MS-WORD (often called Word) is graphical word processing application software that users can type with. It is made by the computer company Microsoft. The purpose of the MS Word is to allow the users to type and save documents.
» Explain it
C
An assembler is a program that converts assembly language into machine code. It takes the basic commands and operations from assembly code and converts them into binary code that can be recognized by a specific type of processor.
4
The set of instructions which tells a computer what to do is called …………
» Explain it
D
The set of instructions which tells a computer what to do is called program.
 
Program: In computing, a program is a specific set of ordered operations for a computer to perform. In the modern computer the program contains a one-at-a-time sequence of instructions that the computer follows. Typically, the program is put into a storage area accessible to the computer. The computer gets one instruction and performs it and then gets the next instruction. 
Hence, A program is also a special kind of "data" that tells how to operate on "application or user data."
» Explain it
B
A backup is a copy of one or more files created as an alternate in case the original data is lost or becomes unusable. For example, you may save several copies of a research paper on your hard drive as backup files in case you decide to use a previous revision. Better yet, you could save the backups to a USB flash disk, which would also protect the files if the hard drive failed.