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1
At the present rates of population growth of India and China, by which year is India likely to overtake China as the world’s most populous country?
» Explain it
C
At the present rates of population growth of India and China, by 2030 is India likely to overtake China as the world’s most populous country.
2
The study of population is known as
» Explain it
A
Demography is the statistical study of human populations and sub-populations. It encompasses the study of the size, structure, and distribution of these populations, and spatial and/or temporal changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death.
» Explain it
A
The Toda people are a small pastoral community who live on the isolated Nilgiri plateau in Tami Nadu. The Toda lands are now a part of The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO designated International Biosphere Reserve.
4
On which one among the following islands, does the Negrito tribe called 'the Onge' live?
» Explain it
B
The Onge are one of the Andamanese indigenous peoples of the Andaman Islands. Traditionally hunter-gatherers, they are a designated Scheduled Tribe of India.
5
Which of the following are true of matrilineal societies?

1. Newly married couple stays with the woman’s parents.

2. As per the rules of inheritance, the property passes from mother to daughter.

3. Women play a dominant role in the family.

4. Examples of matrilineal societies are those of the Khasi and Jaintia tribes of Meghalaya.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below
» Explain it
A
Matrilineal Society:

Matrilineality is the tracing of descent through the female line. It may also correlate with a societal system in which each person is identified with their matriline – their mother's lineage – and which can involve the inheritance of property and/or titles. A matriline is a line of descent from a female ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the individuals in all intervening generations are mothers – in other words, a "mother line". In a matrilineal descent system, an individual is considered to belong to the same descent group as her or his mother. This matrilineal descent pattern is in contrast to the more common pattern of patrilineal descent from which a family name is usually derived. The matriline of historical nobility was also called her or his enatic or uterine ancestry (corresponding to the patrilineal "agnatic" ancestry).