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Which of the following statements about Permanent Settlement are correct?

1. It conferred proprietary rights to peasants.
2. The Zamindars were recognised as the proprietors of land.
3. The government permanently fixed the land revenue demand.
4. The Zamindars acted as the middlemen between the peasants and the government.

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» Explain it
The Permanent Settlement was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised by land. It was concluded in 1793, by then Governor General Lord Cornwallis. There were two other land revenue settlement systems, Ryotwari and Mehalbari system was existed in the British Colonial India.

Hence, the option A is correct.

The Viceregal Lodge at Shimla is a well-known ancient monument. Which of the following statements about the monument are correct?

1. The Lodge was built by 17th Viceroy, Earl Dufferin.
2. The present shape of the building was given by Earl of Marquis of Lansdowne.
3. It is famous for holding three meetings before Independance of India including the Cabinet Mission.

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» Explain it
The Viceregal lodge, located on the observation hills of Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. It was formely the residence. of the British viceroy of India Lord Dufferin. The lodge was completed in 1998. It hold the meeting of Cabinet Mission in 1946.

Hence, the option C is correct.

Who passed the Indian Universities Act?
» Explain it
Lord Curzon was the first Viceroy to appoint a commission on University education. On January 27, 1902, he appointed the Indian University Commission under Sir Thomas Raleigh to enquire into the conditions of the Universities established in British India, and to consider and report upon the proposals for improving their constitution and working.

Hence, the option B is correct.

Who, among the following, first translated the Bhagwat Gita into English?
» Explain it
Charles Wilkins was an English typographer and Orientalist, notable as the first translator of Bhagavad Gita into English, and as the creator, alongside Panchanan Karmakar, of the first Bengali typeface.

Hence, the opttion A is correct.
» Explain it
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth.
Hence, the option D is correct.