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1
The first Bengali political drama ‘Neel Darpan’ was written by 
» Explain it
A
About Neel Darpan:

Nil Durpan is a Bengali play written by Dinabandhu Mitra in 1858–1859. The play was essential to Nilbidraha, or Indigo revolt of February–March 1859 in Bengal, when farmers refused to sow indigo in their fields as a protest against exploitative farming under the British Raj. It was also essential to the development of theater in Bengal and influenced Girish Chandra Ghosh, who, in 1872, would establish The National Theatre in Calcutta (Kolkata) where the first ever play commercially staged was Neel Darpan.

Hence, the option A is correct.

 
2
Who launched the Quit India Movement on 8th August 1942?
» Explain it
A
The Quit India Movement (a civil disobedience movement) was launched by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on 8th August 1942, during World War II. The Movement demanded an end to British Rule of India. Mahatma Gandhi made a call to ‘Do or Die’ in his Quit India speech delivered in Mumbai at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. The All-India Congress Committee launched a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called ‘An Orderly British Withdrawal’ from India. Even though it was wartime, the British were prepared to act. Almost the entire leadership of the Indian National Congress was imprisoned without trial within hours of Gandhi's speech. Most spent the rest of the war in prison and out of contact with the masses. The British had the support of the Viceroy's Council (which had a majority of Indians), of the All India Muslim League, the Communist Party, the princely states, the Indian Imperial Police, the British Indian Army and the Indian Civil Service. Many Indian businessmen profiting from heavy wartime spending did not support Quit India. Many students paid more attention to Subhas Chandra Bose, who was in exile and supporting the Axis Powers. The only outside support came from the Americans, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to give in to some of the Indian demands. The Quit India campaign was effectively crushed. The British refused to grant immediate independence, saying it could happen only after the war against the Axis powers had ended.

Hence, the option A is correct.

 
3
When was the first Indian Councils Act was passed?
» Explain it
D
The first Indian Councils Act was passed in 1861. It was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that transformed the Viceroy of India's executive council into a cabinet run on the portfolio system. The Viceroy was allowed to issue ordinances lasting six months if the Legislative Council is not in session in an emergency. The Act restored the legislative power taken away by the Charter Act of 1833. The legislative council at Calcutta was given extensive authority to pass laws for British India as a whole, but the legislative councils at Bombay and Madras were given the power to make laws for the "Peace and good Government" for only their respective presidencies. The Governor General was given the power to create new provinces for legislative purposes and could appoint Lieutenant Governors for the provinces.

Hence, the option D is correct.

 
4
 Which one among the following was the chairman of Simon Commission?
» Explain it
C
The Indian Statutory Commission was a group of seven British Members of Parliament that had been dispatched to India in 1928 to study constitutional reform in Britain's most important colonial dependency. It was commonly referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman, Sir John Simon. One of its members was Clement Attlee, who subsequently became the British Prime Minister and eventually oversaw the granting of independence to India in 1947.

At the time of introducing the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms the British Government declared that a commission would be sent to India after ten years to examine the effects and operations of the constitutional reforms and to suggest more reforms for India.

In November 1927 the British government appointed a commission under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon to report on India's constitutional progress for introducing constitutional reforms as had been promised.

Hence, the option C is correct.

 
5
Who introduced the system of Civil Services?
» Explain it
A
Lieutenant General Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, known as Lord William Bentinck was a British soldier and statesman. He served as Governor General of India from 1828 to 1835. An aristocrat who sympathized with many of the liberal ideas of his day, he made important administrative reforms in Indian government and society. He reformed the finances, opened up judicial posts to Indians, and suppressed such practices as suttee or widow burning and thuggee or ritual murder by robber gangs. The innovations effected in his years of office were milestones in creating a much more interventionist style of government than preceding ones, a style that involved the westernization of Indian society and culture.

Hence, the option A is correct.