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Choose the right answer from the given options.
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1
Mahavira Jaina breathed his last at:
» Explain it
C
Pawapuri is a holy site for Jains located in the Nalanda district in the Bihar where Mahavira Jaina breathed his last.

Hence, the option C is correct.

 
2
Gautama Buddha was elevated to the position of God by the time of:
» Explain it
B
Gautama Buddha was elevated to the position of God by the time of Kanishka.

About Kanishka:

Kanishka was the emperor of the Kushan dynasty in the second century. He is famous for his military, political and spiritual achievements. A descendant of Kushan empire founder Kujula Kadphises, Kanishka came to rule an empire in Bactria extending from Turfan in the Tarim Basin to Pataliputra on the Gangetic plain. The main capital of his empire was located at Puruṣapura in Gandhara, with two other major capitals at Kapisa and Mathura.

Kanishka and Buddhism:

Kanishka's reputation in Buddhist tradition regarded with utmost importance as he not only believed in Buddhism but also encouraged its teachings as well,as a proof of it, he administered the Councils in Kashmir as the head of the council . Images of the Buddha based on 32 physical signs were made during his time. He encouraged both Gandhara school of Greco-Buddhist Art and the Mathura school of Hindu art (An inescapable religious syncretism pervades Kushana rule). He personally seems to have embraced both Buddhism and the Persian attributes but he favored Buddhism more as it can be proven by his devotion to the Buddhist teachings and prayer styles depicted in various books related to kushan empire.

Hence, the optino B is correct.

 
» Explain it
B
The Mahabodhi Vihar is a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.

Hence, the option B is correct.
4
The Lumbini was the birth place of Buddha is attested by an inscription of:
» Explain it
A
The Lumbini was the birth place of Buddha is attested by an inscription of Ashoka.

Hence, the option A is correct.

 
5
The Vikramshila Mahavihara, a great centre of education, was founded by:
» Explain it
D
Vikramashila was one of the two most important centers of Buddhist learning in India during the Pala Empire, along with Nalanda. It was founded by King Dharmapala in response to a supposed decline in the quality of scholarship at Nalanda.

Hence, the option D is correct.