Directions : Read the following questions carefully and choose the right answer.
Important for :
1
The National Commission on Farmers was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. MS Swaminathan in the year - 
» Explain it
E
The National Commission on Farmers was established in 2004 under the chairmanship of the noted agriculture scientists, Dr. MS Swaminathan. The main objective of the organization is to address the problem of farmer suicides across the country. The NCF submitted four reports in December 2004, August 2005, December 2005 and April 2006. The committee mainly stressed on the need to achieve inclusive growth. 

Hence, option E is correct.
2
The wheat production method that saves around 25-40 percent irrigation water is known as which among the following?
» Explain it
B
The Furrow Irrigation Ridge-bed Method is the wheat production technique that saves around 25-40 percent of irrigation water while farming. Apart from irrigation water, better upland crop production is also possible in this method along with mechanical control of the weeds. The protein content in the crops can also be improved easily by the farmers while using this method. 

Hence, option B is correct.
3
» Explain it
A
The production of green gram requires hot climate and the rainfall required for it is around 60-80 cm. The best suited temperature for the production of this crop is around 25-32 degrees Celsius. Green gram is known as the hardiest among all the pulses whereas it is practically a day neutral plant. This plant can tolerate drought to a great extent. 

Hence, option A is correct.
4
Which among the following is a crop that can be cultivated in all the three farming seasons?
» Explain it
E
Sunflower is a wide spectrum adaptable plant that can be grown in all the three farming seasons. This plant requires subtropical temperature. The best suited temperature required for this plant is 20-25 degrees Celsius whereas the rainfall required varies from 30-150 cm. Sunflower is practically a day neutral plant. 

Hence, option E is correct.
5
The system of combination of all the farm enterprises of a farmer is known as which among the following? 
» Explain it
C
An appropriate combination of the farm enterprises i.e. cropping system, livestock, poultry farming, fisheries and the means available to the farmer to raise the same is known as farming system. This is done by the farmers in order to support various different needs of the farmers and also to increase the profitability. 

Hence, option C is correct.