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B

Let the ratio be x : (x + 40).

Then, | x | = | 2 | ⇔ 7x = 2x + 80 ⇔ x =16. |

(x + 40) | 7 |

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Pick one option and check whether it satisfies the given condition or not. The one that satisfies will be the answer.

Option A: |
12 | |

56 |

gets eliminated because the difference between the terms is not 40.

Option B: |
16 | |

56 |

is the correct answer because the difference between the terms is 40 and

its measure is also | 2 | . |

7 |

7 ~ 2 = 5

40 | = 8 | |

5 |

2 × 8 | = | 16 | |

7 × 8 | 56 |

Hence, option B is correct.

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