Directions: Each of the following consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:
» Explain it
E
We have,

Five persons – Mahi, Kona, Ramu, Deva and Jeet, each has a different weight. Who among these persons is the heaviest?

Statement I: Only two persons are heavier than Kona who is heavier than Jeet and Deva.

Statement II: Ramu, who is not the lightest, is heavier than Kona and Deva but not Mahi.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Only two persons are heavier than Kona who is heavier than Jeet and Deva.

Reference:

Only two persons are heavier than Kona who is heavier than Jeet and Deva.

Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of weight:

____ > ____ > Kona > Jeet/Deva > Deva/Jeet

Here, either Mahi or Ramu can be the one who is heaviest.

Clearly, Statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: Ramu, who is not the lightest, is heavier than Kona and Deva but not Mahi.

Reference:

Ramu, who is not the lightest, is heavier than Kona and Deva but not Mahi.

Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of weight:

Mahi > Ramu > Kona > Deva

Here, we have no information about the weight of Jeet.

Clearly, Statement II alone is also not sufficient to answer the question.

Checking both Statements II and III together:

Statement I: Only two persons are heavier than Kona who is heavier than Jeet and Deva.

Statement II: Ramu, who is not the lightest, is heavier than Kona and Deva but not Mahi.

Reference 1:

Only two persons are heavier than Kona who is heavier than Jeet and Deva.

Inference 1:

Order of weight:

____ > ____ > Kona > Jeet/Deva > Deva/Jeet

Reference 2:

Ramu, who is not the lightest, is heavier than Kona and Deva but not Mahi.

Inference 2:

After combining the above references with inference 1, we get:

Order of weight:

Mahi > Ramu > Kona > Jeet/Deva > Deva/Jeet

Here, we can say that Mahi is heaviest among these persons.

Clearly, both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option E.
» Explain it
B
We have,

Four persons – Arnav, Abdul, Afzal and Azam, are sitting in a straight line facing South then who is/are sitting adjacent to Arnav?

Statement I: Arnav does not sit next to Azam, who does not sit on the extreme right.

Statement II: No one sit to the right of Arnav and on the left of Abdul, while only one person sits between Afzal and Abdul.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Arnav does not sit next to Azam, who does not sit on the extreme right.

Reference:

Arnav does not sit next to Azam, who does not sit on the extreme right.

Inference:

Here, we have no sure information about the position of any of these persons in the row.

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: No one sit to the right of Arnav and on the left of Abdul, while only one person sits between Afzal and Abdul.

Reference:

No one sit to the right of Arnav and on the left of Abdul, while only one person sits between Afzal and Abdul.

Inference:

After using the above references, we can draw a following linear arrangement:
 

Here, we can say that Afzal sits adjacent to Arnav.


Here, the data in Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option B.
» Explain it
C
We have,

Six persons – P, Q, R, S, T and U, each earns a different amount of money. Who earns maximum?

Statement I: R earns more than only two persons. Q earns more than P but not maximum. T earns more than only U.

Statement II: P earns less than only two persons. T earns more than U but less than R. R earns less than P. Q earns less than S.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: R earns more than only two persons. Q earns more than P but not maximum. T earns more than only U.

Reference:

R earns more than only two persons.
T earns more than only U.
Q earns more than P but not maximum.


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of Earnings:

__ > Q > P > R > T > U

Here, we can say that S earns maximum.

Order of Earnings:

S > Q > P > R > T > U

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: P earns less than only two persons. T earns more than U but less than R. R earns less than P. Q earns less than S.

Reference:

T earns more than U but less than R.
R earns less than P.
P earns less than only two persons.
Q earns less than S.


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of Earnings:

S > Q > P > R > T > U

Here, we can say that S earns maximum.

Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Here, the data in either Statement I or II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.
4
In a straight line of twentyfive persons facing north how many persons are sitting between Dev and Han?
 
Statement I : Ana sits at the extreme left end of the line. Only six persons sit between Ana and Han. Only ten persons sit between Han and Pal. Only four persons sit between Pal and Dev.
 
Statement II : Mia sits exactly in the middle of the line. Only three persons sit between Ram and Mia. Only six persons sit between Ram and Dev. Ram sits on the left of Dev. Han sits fourth to the left of Mia.
» Explain it
B
We have,
 
In a straight line of twentyfive persons facing north how many persons are sitting between Dev and Han?
 
Statement I: Ana sits at the extreme left end of the line. Only six persons sit between Ana and Han. Only ten persons sit between Han and Pal. Only four persons sit between Pal and Dev.
 
Statement II: Mia sits exactly in the middle of the line. Only three persons sit between Ram and Mia. Only six persons sit between Ram and Dev. Ram sits on the left of Dev. Han sits fourth to the left of Mia.
 
Checking Statement I:
 
Statement I: Ana sits at the extreme left end of the line. Only six persons sit between Ana and Han. Only ten persons sit between Han and Pal. Only four persons sit between Pal and Dev.
 
Reference 1:
 
Ana sits at the extreme left end of the line. Only six persons sit between Ana and Han.
 
Inference 1:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of persons in the row = Ana + 6 persons + Han + 17 persons
 
Reference 2:
 
Only ten persons sit between Han and Pal. Only four persons sit between Pal and Dev.
 
Inference 2:
 
Here, we have two possible scenarios in which the above references can be used.
 
Case 1:
 
Order of persons in the row = Ana + 6 persons + Han + 10 persons + Pal + 4 persons + Dev + 1 person
 
Case 2:
 
Order of persons in the row = Ana + 6 persons + Han + 5 persons + Dev + 4 persons + Pal + 6 persons
 
Here, we cannot surely say how many persons are sitting between Dev and Han.
 
Clearly, Statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
 
Checking Statement II:
 
Statement II: Mia sits exactly in the middle of the line. Only three persons sit between Ram and Mia. Only six persons sit between Ram and Dev. Ram sits on the left of Dev. Han sits fourth to the left of Mia.
 
Reference 1:
 
Mia sits exactly in the middle of the line. Only three persons sit between Ram and Mia. Han sits fourth to the left of Mia.
 
Inference 1:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of persons in the row = 8 persons + Han + 3 persons + Mia + 3 persons + Ram + 8 persons
 
Reference 2:
 
Only six persons sit between Ram and Dev. Ram sits on the left of Dev.
 
Inference 2:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of persons in the row = 8 persons + Han + 3 persons + Mia + 3 persons + Ram + 6 persons + Dev + 1 person
 
Here, we can say that 14 persons sit between Han and Dev
 
Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Here, the data in Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Hence, the correct answer is option B.
» Explain it
C
We have,

How is Mona related to Shetty?

Statement I: Mona is mother of Jay. Babu is married to Allan. Shetty is daughter of Babu. Allan is brother of Jay.

Statement II: Mona is married to Vida. Vida is father of Jay. Jay is married to Kalu. Jay is uncle of Shetty.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Mona is mother of Jay. Babu is married to Allan. Shetty is daughter of Babu. Allan is brother of Jay.

Reference:

Mona is mother of Jay.
Babu is married to Allan.
Shetty is daughter of Babu.
Allan is brother of Jay.


Inference:

After using the above references, we can draw a following chart:
 
 

 
Here, we can say that Mona is grandmother of Shetty.

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: Mona is married to Vida. Vida is father of Jay. Jay is married to Kalu. Jay is uncle of Shetty.

Reference:

Mona is married to Vida.
Vida is father of Jay.
Jay is married to Kalu.
Jay is uncle of Shetty.


Inference:

After using the above references, we can draw a following chart:
 
 

 
Here, we can say that Mona is grandmother of Shetty.

Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Here, the data in either Statement I or II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.

Reasoning Data Sufficiency Questions for IBPS PO 2019 and SBI PO 2020 | Data Sufficiency Quiz No 11


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