1

In a certain language:

What is the code word of ‘hard’?

D

In these two statements, we can see that only ‘work’ is common and we did not get code for ‘hard’. Hence, these two statements are not sufficient to answer the question.

In these two statements, we get nothing common. Hence, these statements are not sufficient to answer the question.

In these two statements, we can see that ‘they’ and ‘very’ are common but still we will not get the code for ‘hard’. Hence, these two statements are not sufficient to answer the question.

‘work’→ li (from statements I and II)

They/very → na/ha (From statements I and III)

Hence, the code for ‘hard’ is ‘ti’

Hence all three are necessary and sufficient to answer the question.

Therefore, option D is correct.

2

What is the direction of point B with respect to point P?

C

Following the image, we can say that Point B is in north direction with respect to P.

As , P is 6m to the north of N which is 5 m to the east of Q. P cannot be 2m away from Q.

Following the image we can say that Point B is in north-west direction with respect to P.

Hence, the correct answer would be ‘Statement I and either statement II or statement III together’ are sufficient to answer the question.

Therefore, option C is correct.

3

What is Rohit's rank in the class?

**I.** Rohit's rank is 24 less than Nandani's rank.

**II.** Archana's rank is 38 more than Rohit's rank. Nandani's rank is 10 less than Archana's rank.

D

We have no information about Nandani's rank. Therefore, Rohit's rank cannot be determined.

Thus, the question cannot be answered using Statement I alone.

Archana's rank and Nandani's rank is not given. Therefore, Rohit's rank cannot be determined.

Thus, the question cannot be answered using statement II alone.

Ranks are not known for any of them. Thus, Rohit's rank cannot be found.

Thus, the question cannot be answered using both statements I and II together.

Hence, option D is correct.

4

There are seven letters W, M, V, N, Q, R, and J. What is the fifth letter from the left end?

E

Q is placed fifth to the right of V. Also, Q is placed to the immediate left of R.

Therefore, the arrangement becomes

V __ __ __ __ Q R

Q and J are not placed immediately next to either Q or V.

Therefore, the arrangement becomes

V __ W J __ Q R

or V __ J W __ Q R

However the word formed cannot be determined using this statement.

Thus, the question cannot be answered using Statement I alone.

M is placed to the immediate left of W, but is not an immediate neighbour of Q. N is placed second to the left of R.

__ M W __ N __ R

However, the word formed cannot be determined using this statement.

Thus, the question cannot be answered using Statement II alone.

N is placed to the immediate left of W.

Therefore, the arrangement becomes

V M W J __ Q R

Thus, the question can be answered using both statements I and II together.

Hence, option E is correct.

5

Which direction is Devesh facing?

C

As per the figure,

Rohit who is facing North-East, turns 90° clockwise. Thus, he will be facing South-East.

It is given that he would face the same direction as Devesh.

Hence, Devesh will also be facing South-East.

Hence, the question can be answered using Statement I alone.

Vaibhav who is facing North-West, turns 135° anticlockwise. Thus, he will be facing South Direction.

It is given that he will face the direction 45° clockwise to the direction as Devesh.

Hence, Devesh will be facing South-Eeast

Hence, the question can be answered using Statement II alone.

Therefore, the question can be answered using either statement I alone or statement II alone.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.