New Pattern Reasoning Questions for SBI PO 2019 | Data Sufficiency Questions PDF for SBI PO 2019 at Smartkeeda

Directions: Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:
» Explain it
E
We have,

What is the birth date of Mona’s mother?

Statement I: Mona’s father remembers that his wife’s birthday is after 20th and before 23rd February.

Statement II: Mona’s brother remembers that his mother’s birthday was after 21st but before 25th February.

Checking statement I alone:

Statement I: Mona’s father remembers that his wife’s birthday is after 20th and before 23rd February.

Reference:

Mona’s father remembers that his wife’s birthday is after 20th and before 23rd February.

Inference:

In this statement, Mona’s mother’s birthday is on either 21st or 22nd February.

Clearly, data in statement I alone are not sufficient to reach the answer.

Checking statement II alone:

Statement II: Mona’s brother remembers that their mother’s birthday was after 21st but before 25th February.

Reference:

Mona’s brother remembers that his mother’s birthday was after 21st but before 25th February.

Inference:

In this statement, Mona’s mother birthday is on 22nd or 23rd or 24th February.

Clearly, data in statement II alone are not sufficient to reach the answer.

Checking both statements I and II together:

Statement I: Mona’s father remembers that his wife’s birthday is after 20th and before 23rd February.
Statement II: Mona’s brother remembers that his mother’s birthday was after 21st but before 25th February.

Reference:

Mona’s father remembers that his wife’s birthday is after 20th and before 23rd February.
Mona’s brother remembers that his mother’s birthday was after 21st but before 25th February.


Inference:

After using the above references we can say that Mona’s mother birthday is on 22nd February.

Clearly, data in both the statements I and II together are sufficient to answer question. 

Option E is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
C
We have,

 Who is oldest among P, K, J, R, S and T?

Statement I: R is older than P and J. R is younger than K. S is older than only T.

Statement II: S is older than J but younger than P. T is older than only R. P is not the oldest.

Checking statement I alone:

Statement I: R is older than P and J. R is younger than K. S is older than only T.

Reference:

R is older than P and J. R is younger than K. S is older than only T.

Inference:

In this statement:

K > R > P, J and S is older than only T.

Order of age:

K > R > P/J > S > T

Here, we can say that K is oldest among all.

Clearly, data in statement I alone are sufficient to reach the answer.

Checking statement II alone:

Statement II: S is older than J but younger than P. T is older than only R. P is not the oldest.

Reference 1:

T is older than only R.

Inference 1:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of age:

 __ > __ > __ > __ > T > R

Reference 2:

S is older than J but younger than P.
P is not the oldest.


Inference 2:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of age:

K > P > S > J > T > R

Here, we can say that K is the oldest.

Clearly, data in statement II alone are sufficient to reach the answer.

Hence, data in either statement I or statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
B
We have,

How is ‘pant’ written in a code language?

Statement I: ‘red pant shirt’ is written as ‘ke ne que’ and ‘shirt pant black’ is written as ‘ke joi ne’.

Statement II: ‘red is play’ is written as ‘que yo pa’ and ‘red is pant play’ is written as ‘ke que pa yo’.

Checking statement I alone:

Statement I: ‘red pant shirt’ is written as ‘ke ne que’ and ‘shirt pant black’ is written as ‘ke joi ne’.

Reference:

red pant shirt → ke ne que
shirt pant black → ke joi ne


Inference:

In this statement, the code for ‘shirt’ and ‘pant’ is either ‘ke’ or ‘ne’.

Clearly, data in statement I alone are not sufficient to reach the answer.

Checking statement II alone:

Statement II: ‘red is play’ is written as ‘que yo pa’ and ‘red is pant play’ is written as ‘ke que pa yo’.

Reference:

red is play → que yo pa
red is pant play → ke que pa yo


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

pant → ke

Clearly, data in statement II alone are sufficient to reach the answer.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
A
We have,
 
There are seven members – A, B, C, D, X, Y and Z in a family such that there are three generations in the family and two married couples and either both or none of the parents of a child are alive. How is D related to B?
 
Statement I: D is grandson of A. Y is daughter-in-law of C. B is son of C but not married to Y.
 
Statement II: Y is father of D and son of C. B is brother of X who is daughter of A.
 
Checking Statement I:
 
Statement I: D is grandson of A. Y is daughter-in-law of C. B is son of C but not married to Y.
 
Reference 1:
 
D is grandson of A.
 
Inference 1:
 
As we know that there are two married couples and either both or none of the parents of a child are alive. Then,
 



Reference 2:
 
Y is daughter-in-law of C.
B is son of C but not married to Y.
 
Inference 2:
 
Using the above references, we have:
 

 
Here, we can surely say that D is the nephew of B
 
Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Checking Statement II:
 
Statement II: Y is father of D and son of C. B is brother of X who is daughter of A.
 
Reference 1:
 
Y is father of D and son of C.
 
Inference 1:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 

Reference 2:
 
B is brother of X who is daughter of A.
 
Inference 2:
 
After using the above hints, we have:
 
Here, we have no other about the relation of these persons so we cannot find the relation of B and D.
 
Clearly, Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
 
Here, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Hence the correct answer is option A.
5
Six friends – Tipu, Tanu, Tara, Tina, Teja and Titu are sitting around a circular table facing centre. How many persons are sitting between Tanu and Tina?

Statement I: Tipu is sitting third to right of Tanu. Tara is sitting third to the left of Tina. Tara is not sitting adjacent to Tipu.

Statement II: Tina has Tipu and Titu as his immediate neighbours. Tara is not an immediate neighbour of Tipu or Titu.
» Explain it
C
We have,

Six friends – Tipu, Tanu, Tara, Tina, Teja and Titu are sitting around a circular table facing centre. How many persons are sitting between Tanu and Tina?

Statement I: Tipu is sitting third to right of Tanu. Tara is sitting third to the left of Tina. Tara is not sitting adjacent to Tipu.

Statement II: Tina has Tipu and Titu as his immediate neighbours. Tara is not an immediate neighbour of Tipu or Titu.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Tipu is sitting third to right of Tanu. Tara is sitting third to the left of Tina. Tara is not sitting adjacent to Tipu.

Reference 1:

Tipu is sitting third to right of Tanu.
Tara is not sitting adjacent to Tipu.


Inference 1:

Here, we have two possible scenarios in which we can use the above references:

Case 1:
 

 
Case 2 : 


Reference 2:

Tara is sitting third to the left of Tina.

Inference 2:

Using the above references, we have:

Case 1:
 

Case 2 : 
 

Here, in both of the cases only one person is sitting between Tina and Tanu.

So, we can say that only one person is sitting between Tina and Tanu.

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: Tina has Tipu and Titu as his immediate neighbours. Tara is not an immediate neighbour of Tipu or Titu.

Reference 1:

Tina has Tipu and Titu as his immediate neighbours.

Inference 1:

Here, we have two possible scenarios in which we can use the above references:

Case A:
 
Case B : 


Reference 2:

Tara is not an immediate neighbour of Tipu or Titu.

Inference 2:

After using the above hints, we have:

Case A:

Case B :


Here, we can fix the position of Tanu and Teja in Case A and B as:

Case A-1:


Case A-2:

Case B-1:


Case B-2:

 

Here, in all four of the cases only one person is sitting between Tina and Tanu.

So, we can say that only one person is sitting between Tina and Tanu.

Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Here, either Statement I or II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence the correct answer is option C.


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