Reasoning Data Sufficiency Questions Quiz No 6 | Study Material for SBI PO 2019 | Reasoning Questions for SBI PO 2019

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Directions: Each of the following consists of a question and some statements are given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question:
» Explain it
A
We have,
Five persons – Ankit, Anant, Ankur, Anup and Anwar, each earns a different amount of money. Who among these persons earns second highest?
 
Statement I: Only Ankur earns more than Anant.
 
Statement II: Anup and Anwar earn less than Ankit.
 
Checking Statement I:
 
Statement I: Only Ankur earns more than Anant.
 
Reference:
 
Only Ankur earns more than Anant.
 
Inference:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of Earnings:
 
Ankur > Anant > ____ > ____ > ____
 
Here, we can say that Anant earns second highest.
 
Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Checking Statement II:
 
Statement II: Anup and Anwar earns less than Ankit.
 
Reference:
 
Anup and Anwar earns less than Ankit.
 
Inference:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of Earnings:
 
Ankit > Anup/Anwar
 
Here, we have no sure information about the earnings of any of these persons.
 
Clearly, Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
 
Here, the data in Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Hence, the correct answer is option A.
 
» Explain it
E
We have,

A certain number of persons were sitting in row facing north then how many persons are there in the row?

Statement I: Manoj is 10th from the left end of the row and 6th to the left of Deepak.

Statement II: Prakas is 14th from the right end of the row and 8th to the right of Deepak.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Manoj is 10th from the left end of the row and 6th to the left of Deepak.

Reference:

Manoj is 10th from the left end of the row and 6th to the left of Deepak.

Inference:

Here, we have no information about any of these from right end so we cannot find the total number of persons that were sitting in the row.

Clearly, Statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: Prakas is 14th from the right end of the row and 8th to the right of Deepak.

Reference:

Prakas is 14th from the right end of the row and 8th to the right of Deepak.

Inference:

Here, we have no information about any of these from right end so we cannot find the total number of persons that were sitting in the row.

Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking both statements I and II together:

Statement I: Manoj is 10th from the left end of the row and 6th to the left of Deepak.
Statement II: Prakas is 14th from the right end of the row and 8th to the right of Deepak.

Reference:

Manoj is 10th from the left end of the row and 6th to the left of Deepak.
Prakas is 14th from the right end of the row and 8th to the right of Deepak.


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of persons in the row = 9 persons + Manoj + 5 persons + Deepak + 7 persons + Prakas + 13 persons

Total number of persons in the row = (9 + 1 + 5 + 1 + 7 + 1 + 13) persons = 37 persons

Clearly, both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option E.
» Explain it
C
We have,

What is the code of ‘Party’ in the given code language?

Statement I: In the same code language ‘party was great’ is coded as ‘ar jv cu’ and ‘that was great’ is coded as ‘dt jv cu’.

Statement II: In the same code language ‘how was the party’ is coded as ‘ft pd ar lv’ and ‘when did party start’ is coded as ‘kl aj rc ar’.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: In the same code language ‘party was great’ is coded as ‘ar jv cu’ and ‘that was great’ is coded as ‘dt jv cu’.

Reference:

party was great → ar jv cu
that was great → dt jv cu


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Order of Earnings:

Party → ar

Here, we can say that the code of ‘Party’ is ‘ar’.

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: In the same code language ‘how was the party’ is coded as ‘ft pd ar lv’ and ‘when did party start’ is coded as ‘kl aj rc ar’.

Reference:

how was the party → ft pd ar lv
when did party started → kl aj rc ar


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:

Party → ar

Here, we can say that the code of ‘Party’ is ‘ar’.

Clearly, Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Here, the data in either Statement I or II alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option C.
» Explain it
A
We have,

How is Tina related to Anu?

Statement I: Anu is the wife of Jai. Anu and Vini are the only children of Dev. Pal is the only daughter of Jai. Tina is the grand-daughter of Dev.

Statement II: Pal is married to Siya. Anu is the mother in-law of Siya. Anu is the only daughter of Dev and Roy. Tina is the grandchild of Dev.

Checking Statement I:

Statement I: Anu is the wife of Jai. Anu and Vini are the only children of Dev. Pal is the only daughter of Jai. Tina is the grand-daughter of Dev.

Reference:

Anu is the wife of Jai. Anu and Vini are the only children of Dev.
Pal is the only daughter of Jai.
Tina is the grand-daughter of Dev.


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:


Here, we can say that Tina is the niece of Anu.

Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Checking Statement II:

Statement II: Pal is married to Siya. Anu is the mother in-law of Siya. Anu is the only daughter of Dev and Roy. Tina is the grandchild of Dev.

Reference:

Pal is married to Siya.
Anu is the mother in-law of Siya.
Anu is the only daughter of Dev and Roy.
Tina is the grandchild of Dev.


Inference:

After using the above references, we have:


Here, we have no information about the gender of Tina so we cannot find out the relation of Anu and Tina.

Clearly, Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

Here, the data in Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, the correct answer is option A.
» Explain it
A
We have,
Six persons – J, K, L, M, N and O scored different marks in an examination. Who among these persons scored highest?
 
Statement I: M scored higher than J and O but less than K. N scored higher than M but not the highest scorer. K did not score highest.
 
Statement II: K scored less than only 2 persons. J scored less than M and K but higher than O. N scored higher than J.
 
Checking Statement I:
 
Statement I: M is scored higher than J and O but less than K. N is scored higher than M but not the highest scorer. K did not score highest.
 
Reference:
 
M scored higher than J and O but less than K.
N scored higher than M but not the highest earner.
K did not score highest.

 
Inference:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of Marks scored:
 
____ > N/K > K/N > M > J/O > O/J
 
Here, we can say that L scored highest.
 
Order of Marks scored:
 
L > N/K > K/N > M > J/O > O/J
 
Clearly, Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Checking Statement II:
 
Statement II: K scored less than only 2 persons. J scored less than M and K but higher than O. N scored higher than J.
 
Reference:
 
K scored less than only 2 persons.
J scored less than M and K but higher than O.
N scored higher than J.

 
Inference:
 
After using the above references, we have:
 
Order of Marks scored:
 
____ > ____> K > M /N> J > O
 
 
Here, we cannot surely say anything about the one who scored highest.
 
Clearly, Statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
 
Here, the data in Statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question.
 
Hence, the correct answer is option A.

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