# Logical Reasoning Syllabus or Topics for CLAT 2019-2020

By Smartkeeda
25 Nov 2020

Here is the list of important covered under Logical Reasoning Topics or Syllabus for CLAT 2019-20. It’s one of most scoring section in CLAT (Common Law Aptitude Test) Entrance exam, you can score 25+ marks on easy efforts. Here is the list of topics which is seen in the last 3 years paper of CLAT Exams.

 S.No. Topics Number of Questions 1 Series (Letter + Number) 2 to 3 2 Classification 2 3 Coding decoding 2 4 Seating Arrangement (Single + Multiple) 4 to 6 5 Statement and Conclusion 2 to 3 6 Alphabet Test 1 to 2 7 Statement and Course of Action 2 to 3 8 Syllogism 3 9 Analogy 1 to 2 10 Puzzle Test 4 to 6 11. Ranking Test 1 to 2 12. Blood Relation 1 to 3 13. Direction & Sense Test 1 to 3 14. Clock 1 to 2 15. Eligibility Test 2 to 3 16. Statement and Assumption 2 to 3 17. One Word Substitution 3 to 5 18. Logical Sequence of Word 1 19. Calendar 1 20. Miscellaneous 1 to 2

It looks to be a long list of topics but with regular practice this can definitely be mastered. You can practice these topics for free at Smartkeeda LAW section and even download PDF.

Let first discuss logical thinking, so your thought will be clear about logical reasoning topics before going to practice them.

Logical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skilfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.

Logical reasoning questions test your ability to analyze logical arguments.

The arguments cover a range of topics and situations which average Test-takers would be expected to be able to understand, even if they are not very familiar with the subject area.

After understanding and interpreting the arguments they are required to pass judgments on the given concern.

So, here are some examples of regarding logical reasoning topics for CLAT exam

Series:

Ex.1. In this question a series is given with one term missing. Choose the correct alternative from the given ones that will complete the series.

C      J      P      ?     Y      B
Options:
W
U
R
T
Ans.(U)

Classification:
Ex.1. In this question, find the odd number from the given alternatives.

Options:
1593
2736
2010
1987
Ans. (1987)

Ex.2. Find the odd one amongst the choices.
Eagle
Ostrich
Sparrow
Pigeon

Ans.( Ostrich)

Coding-Decoding:
Ex.1. If in a code language SPORT is written as QRMTR, then how is LOGIC written in that code language?

Options:
NQEKF
JQEKA
AKEQJ
JMEGA
Ans. (JQEKA)

Seating Arrangement (Single + Multiple)

Single Type Seating Arrangement

Ex.1. Six students A, B, C, D, E, F are sitting on the ground. A and B belong to Ruby House, while the rest belong to Emerald House. D and F are tall, while others are short. C and D are wearing glasses, while others are not wearing. Which girl of Emerald House who is tall and wearing glass?

Options:
C
D
E
F
Ans.(D)
Multiple Type Seating Arrangement
Here is the link of Multiple type Seating arrangement, multiple mean there can be more than 1 question. It can be 2, 3, 4 or 5.

Statement and Conclusion
Ex.1. Directions: The following question, a statement is given followed by two conclusions. Give answer:
Statement : Ahmedabad has a lower population and hence is a safer place to live.
Conclusions:
I. A city which has less population is a better place to live.
II. Ahmedabad has lower number of crimes than Bombay.

Options:
If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If both conclusion I and II follow.
If neither I nor II follows.

Ans. (If neither I nor II follows.)

Statement and Course of Action
Ex.1. Directions : In the following question a statement is given followed by two courses of action. A course of action is taken for improvement, follow up, etc. Read the statement carefully and give your answer as
Statement :  The presence of Mafiosi in the education system of UP has increased drastically.

Course of Actions:
I. There should be a special taskforce constituted to clean the system of its ills.
II. The U.P. government should resign immediately.

Options:
If only course of action I follows.
If only course of action II follows.
If both I and II follow.
If neither course of action I nor II follows.
Ans.( If only course of action I follows.)

Syllogism:
Ex.  Statements:
No apple is a plum.
All plums are oranges.
All oranges are mangoes.
Conclusions:
I.  All plums are mangoes.
II. At least some mangoes are oranges.

Options
Neither I nor II follows
Only I follows
Either I or II follows
Only II follows
Ans.( Only II follows)

Analogy:
Ex.1. In this question select the related words/letters/numbers from the given alternatives.
BEHK : LORU : : CFIL : ?

Options:
GPSQ
MPSV
LORU
MSPV
Ans. (MPSV)

Puzzle Test
Ex. G is fatter than H but not as fat as M. Q is also not as fat as M. Who is the most lean person in the group?

Options:
Q
H
G
M
Ans. (H)

Ranking Test
Ex. During a prize distribution ceremony, Vikram was ninth from the left while Janhvi was eighth from the right in the front row. If Hariom was thirteenth from the left and was exactly in the middle of Vikram and Janhvi in the same row then what was the total number of people in the front row?

Options:
18
19
21
24
Ans. (24)

Blood Relation:
Ex. Looking at a picture of a boy, Hemant said, “His mother is the wife of my father’s son. Brothers and sisters I have none.” At whose picture was Hemant looking?
Options:
His son
His cousin
His uncle
His nephew
Ans. (His Son)

Direction & Sense Test
Ex.  Madhuri travels 14 km Westwards and then truns left and travels 6 km and further turns left and travels 26 km. How far is Madhuri now from the starting point?

Options:
√180 km
√80 km
√100 km
None of these
Ans.(√180 km)

Clock
Ex. At 3 : 40, the hour-hand and the minute-hand of a clock form an angle of:

Options:
120°
125°
130°
140°
Ans. (130°)

Statement and Assumption:
Ex. Directions: In question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumption is implicit.
Statement : The maximum IAS exam selection will be from out institute – A director of a coaching institution.
Assumptions :
I. Most of the students who study in this institute are genius.
II. Teachers of the coaching institution are preparing their students thoroughly.

Options:
If only assumption I is implicit
If only assumption II is implicit
If both I and II are implicit
If neither I nor II is implicit

Ans. (If only assumption II is implicit)

One Word Substitution:
Ex. One who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession:

Options:
Amateur
Optimist
Egoist
Egotist
Ans. (Amateur)

Logical Sequence of Word:
Ex.  Arrange the given words in a meaningful order and select the option indicating the correct order.

1. Consultation          2. Illness           3. Doctor          4. Treatment          5. Recovery

Options:
2, 3, 1, 4, 5
2, 3, 4, 1, 5
4, 3, 1, 2, 5
5, 1, 4, 3, 2

Ans. ( 5, 1, 4, 3, 2)

If you want to practice 50+ quizzes of logical reasoning for CLAT 2019-20. Link is below