Current Affairs for RRB Office Assistant Mains | 5th September 2019 Current Affairs Questions and Answers - Smartkeeda

Directions: Study the following questions carefully and answer the questions given below.
1
Who among the following was recently appointed as the 25th Director General of BSF?
» Explain it
B
Hints to Remember

Who: Vivek Kumar Johri
What: takes charge as BSF DG
When: published on 31st August 2019

IPS officer Vivek Kumar Johri took charge as the Director General (DG) of the country's largest border guarding force, BSF, here on Saturday.

Johri, a 1984-batch officer of Madhya Pradesh cadre, took charge from his batch-mate Rajni Kant Mishra at the BSF headquarters in CGO Complex at Lodhi Road.

Mishra, an Indian Police Service officer from the Uttar Pradesh cadre, retired after occupying the top post of the BSF for less than a year.

For the complete information kindly visit given link:

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/vivek-kumar-johri-takes-charge-as-bsf-dg/articleshow/70922622.cms?from=mdr
2
Which of the following institutes has recently developed the biggest-ever computer chip using carbon nanotubes (CNT)- RV16XNano?
» Explain it
B
Hints to Remember

Who: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
What: developed the biggest-ever computer chip using carbon nanotubes (CNT)- RV16XNano
When: published on 30th August 2019

Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed the biggest-ever computer chip using carbon nanotubes (CNT), instead of silicon, marking a milestone in computing technology, the Nature reported.

The RV16XNano is a 16-bit processor that contains 14,000 transistors — electronic switches. These switches are made up of CNT — tiny cylinders made of rolled-up, atom-thick sheets of graphene.

The RV16XNano also executed the traditional ‘Hello, World!’ computer programme and churned out the message: “I am RV16XNano, made from CNTs”, the report said.

The computer industry, has for decades, survived on silicon transistors — that switch between 1 and 0 bits to carry out computations. Until now, engineers have shrunk the size of these transistors to increase their power and speed. But they could be reaching a fundamental limit, the researchers said.

For the complete information kindly visit given link:

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/science-technology/mit-scientists-built-biggest-ever-carbon-nanotube-computer-chip-66436
3
The Election Commission of India is going to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies in _______________.
» Explain it
B
Hints to Remember

Who: ECI
What: to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru India
Why: to take over as A-WEB Chair for 2019-21
When: published on 1st September 2019

The Election Commission of India is scheduled to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru on 3rd September 2019.  India will take over as A-WEB’s Chair for the 2019-21 term. Over 50 countries across the globe will join the meeting at Bengaluru from 02nd to 04th September, 2019. An International Conference on “Initiatives and Challenges of Social Media and Information Technology in Elections” will also be held on 04th September, 2019.

The Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) is largest association of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) worldwide.  A-WEB was established on October 14, 2013 in Song-do, South Korea. The permanent secretariat of A-WEB is located at Seoul. A-WEB’s vision is to foster efficiency and effectiveness in conducting free, fair, transparent and participative elections worldwide. Its activities are guided by its mission to identify latest trends, challenges and developments in democratic electoral management and electoral processes and to facilitate appropriate exchange of experience and expertise among members with the objective of strengthening electoral democracy worldwide.

Election Commission of India has been very closely associated with the process of formation of  A-WEB since 2011-12. ECI has been its Executive Board Member since AWEB's inception in October 2013 for two consecutive terms (2013-15 and 2015-17).  At the last A-WEB General Assembly held in Bucharest on 31st August, 2017, Romania took over as Chair and ECI was unanimously elected as Vice-Chair of A-WEB 2017-19. India is all set to take over as Chair now for the 2019-21 term.

For the complete information kindly visit given link:

https://eci.gov.in/files/file/10529-eci-to-host-the-4th-general-assembly-of-association-of-world-election-bodies-a-web-at-bengaluru-india-to-take-over-as-a-web-chair-for-2019-21/
4
The Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) services are going to be available in 100 cities by _____________?
» Explain it
C
Hints to Remember

Who: The Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) services
When: are going to be available in 100 cities by 2011
When: published on 2nd September 2019

By 2022, the Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) services would be made available in 100 cities from present 71 cities, said Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare at the inauguration of the state-of-the-art CGHS Bhawan here at an event.

"The CGHS services which started in 1954 from Gol Market in Delhi expanded to only 25 cities till 2014. However, in the last five years under the NDA Government they have been extended to as many as 71 cities," said the Minister adding that more cities will be covered soon.

The new Bhawan is the CGHS Headquarters and houses the administrative section, the CGHS Card section, and a state-of-the-art modern and well equipped Wellness Centre.

For the complete information kindly visit given link:

https://www.dailypioneer.com/2019/india/chgs-services-to-be-available-in-100-cities-by-2022--health-min.html
5
Who among the following has recently become third Indian to take hat-trick wickets in test cricket?
» Explain it
C
Hints to Remember

Who: Jasprit Bumrah
What: has become third Indian to take hat-trick wickets in test cricket
When: published on 1st September 2019

Jasprit Bumrah became the third Indian to claim a hat-trick in Test cricket. Bumrah displayed exceptional bowling skills against the West Indies in Jamaica as he took his fifth five-wicket haul in Test cricket on Saturday. In the process, Jasprit Bumrah joined the likes of Harbhajan Singh and Irfan Pathan, who had achieved the feat (taking a hat-trick) in Test matches against Australia and Pakistan, respectively. This was Bumrah's second five-wicket haul in two innings, the 25-year-old had picked up a five-wicket haul in the second innings of the first Test against the West Indies in Antigua.

Coming on for a second spell in the home side's reply to India's first-innings total of 416, the 25-year-old fast bowler dismissed Darren Bravo, Shamarh Brooks and Roston Chase off successive deliveries in his fourth over to join seamer Irfan Pathan and spinner Harbhajan Singh as the only Indian cricketers to have taken Test hat-tricks.

Bumrah's achievement was unusual in that it necessitated a review of the third decision to confirm the dismissal.

For the complete information kindly visit given link:

https://sports.ndtv.com/west-indies-vs-india-2019/jasprit-bumrah-becomes-third-indian-to-claim-hat-trick-in-test-cricket-2093703

Important Current Affairs Questions and Answers: 5th September 2019

1. TDS on cash withdrawal above Rs. 1 crore from September 1.
(Important Current Affairs Questions and Answers of 5th September 2019)

Those who have withdrawn Rs. one crore or more in cash from banks or post offices upto 31 August will be liable to a 2% tax deducted at source (TDS) on further cash withdrawals from 1 September as a new provision in tax law kicks in from next month, the government said.

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) said in a clarification that as per the TDS provision introduced in Finance (2) Act of 2019, the withdrawals made so far this fiscal will count in computing the ?1 crore threshold for the levy. The provision imposes TDS on total cash payments above ?one crore by banks, cooperative banks or post office to any person from one or more accounts.

However, since the provision comes into effect only from 1 September, cash withdrawal prior to that will not be subjected to TDS, although it will be counted in computing the threshold for the whole year.

2. Reliance Power partners with JERA for project in Bangladesh.
(5th September 2019 Most Important Current Affairs Questions and Answers)

Reliance Power has signed a pact to induct Japanese utility JERA as a partner for the 750 mw-gas based combined cycle power project it is setting up in Bangladesh, the Anil Ambani-led company said on Tuesday.

In 2015, Reliance Power had signed a memorandum of understanding with Bangladesh to set up á total of 3,000 mw of power generation capacity in the country in phases. The first phase of 750 mw power plant and the LNG terminal entails an investment of $1 billion, the company had earlier said.

3. India’s first garbage cafe to be opened in Ambikapur, Chhattisgarh.
(Daily Current Affairs Quiz of 5th September 2019)

In a unique initiative, the Ambikapur municipal corporation of Chhattisgarh, will open a first-of-its-kind 'Garbage Cafe' within a few days.

This initiative is a step towards making the city plastic-free. AIR correspondent reports that India’s first ‘Garbage Café’ will soon be opened in the city of Ambikapur in north Chhattisgarh.

In this unique Cafe' poor people and rag pickers will get free food in exchange for one kilogram of plastic, while breakfast will be provided if half a kilogram of plastic is brought to the cafe.

According to the Mayor of Ambikapur Ajay Tirkey, the collected garbage will be sold at Solid Liquid Resources Management Centre.

The collected plastic waste would further be turned into granules and will then be used in the construction of roads in the city. Ambikapur is Chhattisgarh’s first dustbin-free city.

4. ICICI Bank deploys 'robotic arms' to count currency notes.
(Most Important Current Affairs Questions and Answer of 5th September 2019)

The robots are taking over one more function at the country's second largest private lender. ICICI Bank on Wednesday announced the deployment of industrial 'Robotic Arms' to digitise operations at its currency chests. With this move it has become India's first commercial bank - and among a few across the globe - to customise and deploy industrial robots to automate repetitive high volume steps in handling cash processing on high-end note sorting machines.

"We have undertaken a large deployment of 14 industrial robotic arms at our prominent currency chests across 12 cities to digitise the currency sorting process," Anubhuti Sanghai, Head - Operations & Customer Service, ICICI Bank, said in a statement, adding that the bank will continue to invest in further mechanisation of note sorting technology and the next generation machines across all its currency chests.

The RBI has authorised select banks' branches - called currency chests - to receive stock rupee notes and coins from the mints and stock them, before onward distribution to all their other branches for dispensing to customers. The currency chests also remit soiled currency notes back to the apex bank. As per the RBI's annual report of 2017-18, there are 3,975 currency chests spread across the country.

5. Gagan Narang to receive Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar.
(Daily Current Affairs Capsule of 5th September 2019)

On National Sports Day today, Gagan Narang will receive yet another award. But this one won’t be for his sharpshooting skills. With gun in his hands, he has made India proud on many occasions. From Commonwealth Games to Olympics, Narang has earned a lot of medals and his contribution has been duly recognized by the government multiple times, including Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in 2010. Still, the latest award would feel special. For, it’s a recognition of his contribution in the growth of his favourite sport and a reward for sacrifices he has made to realise this dream.

In 2011, at the peak of his career, Narang decided to take a little digression from being a player to mentor and founded Gagan Narang Sports Promotion Foundation (GNSPF) with the money that he received for his achievements at the 2010 Commonwealth Games (and in the absence of sponsors, he continued to do so in later years as well). Eight years later, what started as an ambitious project to support, nurture and provide basic facilities to the talent at the grassroot level, GNSPF has become a vehicle of growth for sports shooting in India. It is this effort that will be recognised today when President of India, Ram Nath Kovind will present to Narang the Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puraskar at the Arjuna Awards ceremony in New Delhi.

6. Jasprit Bumrah has become third Indian to take hat-trick wickets in test cricket.
(Latest Current Affairs Questions and Answers of 5th September 2019)

Jasprit Bumrah became the third Indian to claim a hat-trick in Test cricket. Bumrah displayed exceptional bowling skills against the West Indies in Jamaica as he took his fifth five-wicket haul in Test cricket on Saturday. In the process, Jasprit Bumrah joined the likes of Harbhajan Singh and Irfan Pathan, who had achieved the feat (taking a hat-trick) in Test matches against Australia and Pakistan, respectively. This was Bumrah's second five-wicket haul in two innings, the 25-year-old had picked up a five-wicket haul in the second innings of the first Test against the West Indies in Antigua.

Coming on for a second spell in the home side's reply to India's first-innings total of 416, the 25-year-old fast bowler dismissed Darren Bravo, Shamarh Brooks and Roston Chase off successive deliveries in his fourth over to join seamer Irfan Pathan and spinner Harbhajan Singh as the only Indian cricketers to have taken Test hat-tricks.

Bumrah's achievement was unusual in that it necessitated a review of the third decision to confirm the dismissal.

7. The Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) services are going to be available in 100 cities by 2011.
(Today’s Current Affairs Questions and Answers of 5th September 2019)

By 2022, the Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) services would be made available in 100 cities from present 71 cities, said Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare at the inauguration of the state-of-the-art CGHS Bhawan here at an event.

"The CGHS services which started in 1954 from Gol Market in Delhi expanded to only 25 cities till 2014. However, in the last five years under the NDA Government they have been extended to as many as 71 cities," said the Minister adding that more cities will be covered soon.

The new Bhawan is the CGHS Headquarters and houses the administrative section, the CGHS Card section, and a state-of-the-art modern and well equipped Wellness Centre.

8. ECI to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru India.
(Top 10 Objective Current Affairs Quiz of 5th September 2019)

The Election Commission of India is scheduled to host the 4th General Assembly of Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) at Bengaluru on 3rd September 2019. India will take over as A-WEB’s Chair for the 2019-21 term. Over 50 countries across the globe will join the meeting at Bengaluru from 02nd to 04th September, 2019. An International Conference on “Initiatives and Challenges of Social Media and Information Technology in Elections” will also be held on 04th September, 2019.

The Association of World Election Bodies (A-WEB) is largest association of Election Management Bodies (EMBs) worldwide. A-WEB was established on October 14, 2013 in Song-do, South Korea. The permanent secretariat of A-WEB is located at Seoul. A-WEB’s vision is to foster efficiency and effectiveness in conducting free, fair, transparent and participative elections worldwide. Its activities are guided by its mission to identify latest trends, challenges and developments in democratic electoral management and electoral processes and to facilitate appropriate exchange of experience and expertise among members with the objective of strengthening electoral democracy worldwide.

Election Commission of India has been very closely associated with the process of formation of A-WEB since 2011-12. ECI has been its Executive Board Member since AWEB's inception in October 2013 for two consecutive terms (2013-15 and 2015-17). At the last A-WEB General Assembly held in Bucharest on 31st August, 2017, Romania took over as Chair and ECI was unanimously elected as Vice-Chair of A-WEB 2017-19. India is all set to take over as Chair now for the 2019-21 term.

9. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) developed the biggest-ever computer chip using carbon nanotubes (CNT)- RV16XNano.
(Top 10 MCQs Current Affairs of 5th September 2019)

Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed the biggest-ever computer chip using carbon nanotubes (CNT), instead of silicon, marking a milestone in computing technology, the Nature reported.

The RV16XNano is a 16-bit processor that contains 14,000 transistors — electronic switches. These switches are made up of CNT — tiny cylinders made of rolled-up, atom-thick sheets of graphene.

The RV16XNano also executed the traditional ‘Hello, World!’ computer programme and churned out the message: “I am RV16XNano, made from CNTs”, the report said.

The computer industry, has for decades, survived on silicon transistors — that switch between 1 and 0 bits to carry out computations. Until now, engineers have shrunk the size of these transistors to increase their power and speed. But they could be reaching a fundamental limit, the researchers said.

10. Vivek Kumar Johri takes charge as BSF DG.
(Current Affairs Questions and Answers of 5th September 2019)

IPS officer Vivek Kumar Johri took charge as the Director General (DG) of the country's largest border guarding force, BSF, here on Saturday.

Johri, a 1984-batch officer of Madhya Pradesh cadre, took charge from his batch-mate Rajni Kant Mishra at the BSF headquarters in CGO Complex at Lodhi Road.

Mishra, an Indian Police Service officer from the Uttar Pradesh cadre, retired after occupying the top post of the BSF for less than a year.