Directions: Kindly read the directions given with each of the questions and answer the questions given below:
1
Directions: Select the phrase/connector out of three phrases/connectors given as (a), (b) and (c) which can be used in the beginning (to start the sentence) to form a single sentence from the two or three statements given while implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
 
I. The long queues in the outpatient clinics at medical colleges and general hospitals are often the first indicator of the beginning of the epidemic season in Kerala.
II. Usually, dengue cases begin to peak with the arrival of the southwest monsoon.
 
a. As long as the long queues ....
b. Though, usually, dengue cases ....
c. Surpassing the beginning of ....
» Explain it
E
In the above statements, while statement II affirms an occurrence of an event, statement I re-affirms it in a bit elaborative manner.
 
Applying the elimination technique, let’s check the relevance of each of the options one by one.
 
Possibility 1:
 
As long as the long queues in the outpatient clinics at medical colleges and general hospitals are often the first indicator of the beginning of the epidemic season in Kerala, usually, dengue cases begin to peak with the arrival of the southwest monsoon.
 
Clearly, the above synthesis is contextually flawed and obstructs the flow of the sentence. The synthesis is hence invalid and thus eliminates option C.
 
Possibility 2:
 
Though, usually, dengue cases begin to peak with the arrival of the southwest monsoon, the long queues in the outpatient clinics at medical colleges and general hospitals are often the first indicator of the beginning of the epidemic season in Kerala.
 
Usage of though in a clause is generally followed by a contradiction whereas the synthesis above doesn’t indicate a contradiction at all.
 
Clearly, the phrase/connector ‘b’ also stays invalid. Options B and D also get eliminated.
 
Possibility 3:
 
Surpassing the beginning of the epidemic season in Kerala,the long queues in the outpatient clinics at medical colleges and general hospitals are often the first indicator, usually, dengue cases begin to peak with the arrival of the southwest monsoon.
 
As we can observe that the synthesis above doesn’t make a meaningful sentence either, we can conclude that none of the constructions stays logical here.
 
 
Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
2
Directions: Select the phrase/connector out of three phrases/connectors given as (a), (b) and (c) which can be used in the beginning (to start the sentence) to form a single sentence from the two or three statements given while implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
 
I. The Line of Actual Control continues to be subject to conflicting interpretations by both India and China and the scene of intermittent transgression.
II. The two countries have remained conflict-free. 
 
a. While the border areas between ....
b. To keep the border areas between ....
c. Despite the border areas between ....
» Explain it
D
The presence of the preposition ‘between’ in the statement II clearly indicates that the starter has to connect to statement II that would be followed by statement I. Further, we can infer from the statements given that both the statements are contradictory in nature. Kindly refer to the phrases taken as reference below.
 
Reference:
 
“conflict-free” in statement II and “subject to conflicting interpretations” in statement I.
 
Applying the elimination technique, let’s check the relevance of each of the options one by one.
 
Possibility 1:
 
While the border areas between the two countries have remained conflict-free, the Line of Actual Control continues to be subject to conflicting interpretations by both India and China and the scene of intermittent transgression.
 
We can observe that the above synthesis is both grammatically and contextually correct. This eliminates option C.
 
Possibility 2:
 
To keep the border areas between the two countries have remained conflict-free, the Line of Actual Control continues to be subject to conflicting interpretations by both India and China and the scene of intermittent transgression.
 
The above synthesis is grammatically incorrect and thus the phrase/connector can’t be accepted as a valid one. Hence, option B and E also get eliminated.

Possibility 3:
 
Despite the border areas between the two countries have remained conflict-free, the Line of Actual Control continues to be subject to conflicting interpretations by both India and China and the scene of intermittent transgression.
 
The above synthesis is grammatically correct and keeps the context meaningful.
 
Clearly, option D is the correct answer.
 
3
Directions: Select the phrase/connector out of three phrases/connectors given as (a), (b) and (c) which can be used in the beginning (to start the sentence) to form a single sentence from the two or three statements given while implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
 
I. Punjab is noticeably more well off today than most of the rest of the country from a development perspective.
II. The roads throughout the State are largely paved and smooth, even in the villages, and power cutshave basically become a thing of the past.
 
a. In spite of some economic stagnation ....
b. With instances of infrastructure building like ....
c. In addition to some economic stagnation ....
» Explain it
A
In the statements given, while the statement I discusses the present development status of Punjab, the statement II quotes examples of the development happened in the State.
 
Applying the elimination technique, let’s check the relevance of each of the options one by one.
 
Possibility 1.
 
In spite of some economic stagnation Punjab is noticeably more well off today than most of the rest of the country from a development perspective, the roads throughout the State are largely paved and smooth, even in the villages, and power cuts have basically become a thing of the past.
 
Though the connector ‘In spite of some economic stagnation’ goes well with the statement I yet statement II does not sound coherent and limits the flow. This eliminates options B, C and D straightaway.
 
Possibility 2.
 
The phrase/connector given as ‘b’ mentions the word ‘infrastructure’ and we have got examples of ‘infrastructure development’ in statement II. Let’s connect the phrase with statement II followed by statement I.
 
With instances of infrastructure building like the roads throughout the State are largely paved and smooth, even in the villages, and power cuts have basically become a thing of the past, Punjab is noticeably more well off today than most of the rest of the country from a development perspective.
 
Clearly, the above synthesis is both grammatically and contextually correct and keeps the flow intact.
 
Possibility 3
 
In addition to some economic stagnation Punjab is noticeably more well off today than most of the rest of the country from a development perspective, the roads throughout the State are largely paved and smooth, even in the villages, and power cuts have basically become a thing of the past.
 
Though the above synthesis is grammatically correct yet it does not frame a logical sentence and hence stays invalid.
 
Clearly, option A is the correct answer.
 
4
Directions: Select the phrase/connector out of three phrases/connectors given as (a), (b) and (c) which can be used in the beginning (to start the sentence) to form a single sentence from the two or three statements given while implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
 
I. The Cabinet has decided to raise salaries and pensions for more than one crore government employees and pensioners by implementing the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations.
II. It will impart a fillip to consumption demand and economic growth.
 
a. With a view to ....
b. The Cabinet’s decision ....
c. Whereas the decision ....
» Explain it
A
In the statements given, while the statement I mentions a decision taken by the government, the statement II describes its effect on the economy. Applying the elimination technique, let’s check the relevance of each of the options one by one.
 
Possibility 1:
 
With a view to imparting a fillip to consumption demand and economic growth, the Cabinet has decided to raise salaries and pensions for more than one crore government employees and pensioners by implementing the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations.
 
Though the above synthesis is grammatically correct, it would imply an absurd meaning, if comprehended. A government is least likely to raise salaries of its employees with a view to creating an economic growth. 
 
Possibility 2:
 
The Cabinet’s decision to raise salaries and pensions for more than one crore government employees and pensioners by implementing the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations will impart a fillip to consumption demand and economic growth.
 
Clearly, the above synthesis is also both grammatically and contextually correct. This eliminates option B as well.
 
Possibility 3:
 
Whereas the decision will impart a fillip to consumption demand and economic growth,the Cabinet has decided to raise salaries and pensions for more than one crore government employees and pensioners by implementing the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations.
 
Or
 
Whereas the decision by the Cabinet to raise salaries and pensions for more than one crore government employees and pensioners by implementing the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations, it will impart a fillip to consumption demand and economic growth.
 
We can observe that neither of the above two sentences constructs a meaningful synthesis.
 
Clearly, option A is the correct answer.
 
5
Directions: Select the phrase/connector out of three phrases/connectors given as (a), (b) and (c) which can be used in the beginning (to start the sentence) to form a single sentence from the two or three statements given while implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
 
I. The land belonging to your father does not satisfy the exclusion criteria stated in the definition of capital asset.
II. The gain arising from the sale of the agricultural land by your father would be taxable.
 
a. As though the gain ....
b. Assuming that the land ....
c. As soon as the gain ....
» Explain it
C
In the above statements, while statement I states a condition, statement II discusses the consequence of what is stated in statement I. This straightaway eliminates options A and C as in these two options the given conditional phrase is actually linking to the consequence part whereas it should link the condition part.
 
Possibility:
 
Assuming that the land the land belonging to your father does not satisfy the exclusion criteria stated in the definition of capital asset, the gain arising from the sale of the agricultural land by your father would be taxable.
 
Clearly, the above synthesis is both grammatically and contextually correct and keeps the flow intact.
 
Assuming that (Conjunction):
 
used for the purpose of argument to indicate a premise on which a statement can be based.
 
Ex. Assuming that the treaty is ratified, what is its relevance?
 
Option C is hence the correct answer.