Directions: Kindly read the directions given with each of the questions and answer the questions given below:
1
Directions: You are provided with four sentences followed by four options. All the options suggest ways in which the given four sentences can be combined into a single sentence. Identify the option that suggests the best possible way, contextually and grammatically, to combine the given sentences implying the same meaning.
 
The middle income trap could be real ; if the middle income trap is found to be real it will pose a serious issue ; many nations are at that intermediate development level and form an increasing share of the world GDP ; the global economy will not prosper if such a huge part of population were to become trapped.
» Explain it
A
Option B: This statements is incomplete and hence incorrect.

Option C: This statement is absurd and does not make any sense- both grammatically and contextually.

Option D: This makes it look as if being in the intermediate stage of development is somehow responsible for the middle income trap which is wrong.

Option A is correct grammatcally and contextually.

Hence, option A is correct.
2
Directions: You are provided with four sentences followed by four options. All the options suggest ways in which the given four sentences can be combined into a single sentence. Identify the option that suggests the best possible way, contextually and grammatically, to combine the given sentences implying the same meaning.
 
Halving of oil prices in 2014 inflicted great pain on Russia  costly oil in the years before 2014 added to the chronic trade deficits and inflation ; these were suffered by countries such as India and Pakistan ; the commodity cycles is a source of instability and has been so constantly.
» Explain it
E
Option B is meaningless and grammatically absurd.

All the other options are correct.

Hence, option E is correct. 
3
Directions: You are provided with four sentences followed by four options. All the options suggest ways in which the given four sentences can be combined into a single sentence. Identify the option that suggests the best possible way, contextually and grammatically, to combine the given sentences implying the same meaning.

The Ottoman Empire defaulted on half of its foreign debt in 1875 ; its creditors forced the Grand Vizier to accept a humiliating solution ; its creditors were led by the Imperial Ottoman Bank ; the solution included the right to collect  some extremely important taxes by the creditors like stamp duty and alcohol duty.
» Explain it
C
Option A is incomplete and does not include all the elements of the original statements.

Option B makes it look like the sole intention of the creditors was to humiliate the Vizier and not solve the issue at hand. This changes the meaning and is incorrect.

Option D changes the entire meaning. The sentence is grammatically and contextually incorrect.

Hence, option C is correct.
4
Directions: You are provided with four sentences followed by four options. All the options suggest ways in which the given four sentences can be combined into a single sentence. Identify the option that suggests the best possible way, contextually and grammatically, to combine the given sentences implying the same meaning.

CPEC is described as a comprehensive package of development projects ; these development projects will contribute to multiple sectors of the economy ; this will lead to the socioeconomic development in Pakistan in ways  One example is creating an enduring economic opportunity for Balochistan province and to bring it at par with the national economy of the country.
» Explain it
E
All the statements above contain the essential elements mentioned in the original sentence and are also contextually and grammatically correct.

Hence, option E is correct.
5
Directions: You are provided with four sentences followed by four options. All the options suggest ways in which the given four sentences can be combined into a single sentence. Identify the option that suggests the best possible way, contextually and grammatically, to combine the given sentences implying the same meaning.

There are major risks from climate change ; the risks from climate change are extreme weather phenomena, water stress and harm to human health ; these risks pose a threat to millions around the world ; Some countries and other small island-states find the future deeply worrying because of the fear that sea levels may rise sharply due to climate change.
» Explain it
C
Option A: The sentence seems to convey that it is because of the fear of climate change of some countries and island nations that there is a threat to millions around the world. This changes the meaning of the statement and is incorrect.

Option B: The sentence seems to convey that it is the risks like weather phenomena, water stress etc which threaten climate change. This is absurd and meaningless

Option D: The sentence seems to convey that it is the small island nations and some other countries that pose a threat to millions of people. This is incorrect.

Option E: This statement is grammatically incorrect.

Option C is correct, both contextually and grammatically.

Hence, option C is correct.