Directions: In the questions given below, a statement has been provided with a part of it highlighted in bold. You are required to replace this bold part with one of the options given below in order to make it contextually and grammatically meaningful. If the statement is correct, please mark option E- no correction required- as the answer.
1
The post-independence connotations in autonomy as ‘distance from the state’ had already emerged in the course of the anti-colonial struggle.

I. connotation of autonomy
II. Connotation with autonomy
III. Connotation of autonomous
» Explain it
A
Connotation refers to an idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal meaning. Some synonyms - overtone, undertone, undercurrent, implication etc.

Here, the statement conveys that the meaning of autonomy that was popular after independence (as being at a distance from the state) had been born during the anti- colonial struggle.

The original phrase is incorrect as only one meaning has been listed and the correct form would be connotation. Similarly, connotation/meaning has to be of something and not in.

II is incorrect due to usage of incorrect preposition with as explained above.

III is incorrect due to use of autonomous (adjective) instead of autonomy.

I is absolutely correct and conveys the correct meaning.

Hence, option A is correct.
 
2
A school is a place of learning and of growth and development and carries with it the signatory of a sanctuary and a refuge from the storms of life.

I. the insignia of a
II. The device of a
III. the mark of a
» Explain it
D
Here, the highlight part of the sentence implies that a school is a symbol of a sanctuary.

The original phrase is incorrect as it seems to imply that a school carries someone who signs a sanctuary. This is absurd.

All the statements are correct and convey the correct meaning.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
3
India’s developmental planning, which started in 1951, come to a conclusion in March 2017 with the end of the Twelfth Five Year Plan.

I. Comes to the conclusion in
II. Had come to an end in
III. came to a conclusion in
» Explain it
C
The statement conveys that with the end of the 12th FYP, India’s planning process that had started in 1951, came to an end.

The original phrase is incorrect as the event is in the past and hence, the correct form of come is came.

For the same reason, I is incorrect.

Both II and III convey the correct meaning and are grammatically correct.

Hence, option C is correct.
4
As the current system is ill-equipped to provide the required education and skill, the action agenda report has explored some alternative actions and strategies on reaping the maximum benefits from the country’s demographic dividend.

I. to get the utmost
II. To reap the maximum
III. to be grown the most
» Explain it
C
The phrase tries to convey that the report explores some other strategies to get the highest benefits from the nation’s demographic dividends.

The original phrase is incorrect as it seems to convey that the action agenda report explores actions after reaping maximum benefits from the demographic dividend. This is incorrect and meaningless.

III is incorrect as it does not make sense in the sentence.

Both I and II are correct as both convey getting the maximum benefits.

Hence, option C is correct.
 
5
The overemphasis on the measurement of learning outcomes, obsession for technical education, and projecting skill over basic education have missed the broader and more meaningful vision of inclusive quality education.

I. has missed the broader
II. Having missing from broader
III. have broadened the missing
» Explain it
E
The original statement is correct and does not need any change.

Hence, option E is correct.