Directions: In this question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
1
Parliamentary rules and procedures government conduct in business don’t allow sloganeering in any form inside the chamber.
» Explain it
D
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: We can infer that parliamentary rules and procedures which govern how business is conducted do not allow sloganeering inside the chamber. Therefore, ‘governing’ should be used instead of ‘government’ in the given context of the sentence.

Moreover, here ‘conduct’ means ‘carrying out’, i.e. how business should be carried out. Therefore, instead of the preposition ‘in’, ‘of’ should be used here so as to make the sentence correct.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Parliamentary rules and procedures governing conduct of business don’t allow sloganeering in any form inside the chamber.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
 
2
The weather office has stood up their initial forecast of monsoon rainfall being 96% of average in the June-September season.
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: There are two errors in the bold part.

Firstly, the phrasal verb ‘stand by’ which means ‘adhere to or abide by (something promised, stated, or decided)’ has been written incorrectly. Therefore, ‘stood up’ must be replaced by ‘stood by’ in order to make the sentence correct.

Secondly, usage of plural case of possessive pronoun ‘their’ is also erroneous. Here the writer refers to the weather office which is a single institution. Therefore, ‘their’ should be replaced by ‘its’ to make it a grammatically correct sentence.

Among the choices available, option B replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The weather office has stood by its initial forecast of monsoon rainfall being 96% of average in the June-September season.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
3
RBI regulations must take away incentives of banks to kickbox the cans over the road and “extend and pretend”.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression is 'kick the can down the road' and not 'kickbox the cans over the road'.

kick the can down the road (Idiom):

Meaning: Put off confronting a difficult issue or making an important decision, typically on a continuing basis.

E.g.: I appreciate that he doesn't want to raise taxes, but sooner or later you have to stop kicking the can down the road.

 Hence ‘kick the can down the road’ should be used in place of ‘kickbox the cans over the road’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

RBI regulations must take away incentives of banks to kick the can down the road and “extend and pretend”.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

» Explain it
E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
 
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The possessive pronoun ‘its’ has been used in correctly in this sentence and should be replaced by “it’s” which is an abbreviation of ‘It is’. Moreover, the sentence tells us which actions are important and to be done. Hence ‘to acknowledge’ should be used in place of ‘in acknowledging’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

It’s really important to acknowledge the other person’s good nature and to identify common ground and shared values.

Option C is hence the correct answer.