Directions: In this question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Collective nouns are used in the singular form and neuter gender(its). However, there is an exception. Collective nouns can be used in the plural form when there is a split of opinions or difference in views. In the given sentence, ‘jury’ refers to ‘members of the jury’. Hence ‘were’ should be used in place of ‘was’ and ‘their’ should be used in place of ‘its’ in order to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The jury were divided in their opinions with majority supporting the guilty verdict.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
2
The RBI as a regulator has had qualified success with the facing of structural impediments, including limited control over PSBs
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C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression is 'in the face of' and not with the facing of'.

In the face of (Idiom):

Meaning: Despite

E.g.: Reform had been introduced in the face of considerable opposition.

Hence ‘in the face of’ should be used in place of ‘with the facing of’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The RBI as a regulator has had qualified success in the face of structural impediments, including limited control over PSBs.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
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B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Usage of the phrasal verb 'bear down' which means ‘to push or press downwards ' is inappropriate in this sentence.

'Bear away' which means ‘to carry off in victory’ would be suitable in this context.

E.g.: The general gave the soldiers permission to bear away the spoils after winning the war!

Hence ‘bear away’ should be used in place of ‘bear down’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The Indian cricket team is set to bear away the World Cup trophy for the third time.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
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E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: This is an error of proximity. The verb is made to agree with the nearer noun, not the subject. The subject is not ‘values’. Here, ‘affirming’ is the subject which is singular and should be used with singular verb. Hence ‘reduces’ should be used in place of ‘reduce’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Affirming shared values reduces the feeling of being attacked.

Option C is hence the correct answer.