Directions: In this question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
1
BJP is the only political party in the country which has a trained political human resource and this will form the backing bone in the organization’s workforce in the days to come.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression in this sentence is ‘the backbone of' and not 'the backing bone in'.

Be the backbone (Idiom):

Meaning: The part of something that makes it successful or strong.

E.g.: Ordinary volunteers form the backbone of most charitable organizations.

 Hence ‘the backbone of’ should be used in place of ‘the backing bone in’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

BJP is the only political party in the country which has a trained political human resource and this will form the backbone of the organization’s workforce in the days to come.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Usage of the phrasal verb 'cut off' which means ‘an act of stopping or interrupting the supply of something' is inappropriate in this sentence.

'Cut down' which means ‘reduced in scope or length’ would be suitable in this context.

E.g.: The doctor advised him to cut down his working hours.

Hence ‘cut down’ should be used in place of ‘cut off’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The rise in petrol prices did not lead to a proportionate cut down in consumption.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is incorrect

Reason: There are two errors in the bold part.

Firstly, the term ‘police’ is a collective noun. Collective nouns are used in singular form. Therefore, ‘polices’ must be replaced by ‘police’ in order to make the sentence correct.

Secondly, ‘hardly’ and ‘when’ form a pair of coordinating conjunctions. Coordinating conjunctions join phrases, words, etc. of equal ranks. Therefore, ‘when’ should be used instead of ‘than’ in order to make it a grammatically correct sentence.

Among the choices available, option C replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Hardly had the thieves seen the police when they started running towards the black van.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
5
Khurshid said that a heckler’s freedom of speech and expression would have to be consistent for the right to movement and privacy of the recipient.
» Explain it
D
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The word ‘consistent’ must be followed the preposition ‘with’ instead of ‘for’ in this context. The expression ‘consistent with’ means ‘match with’.

Hence ‘with’ should be used in place of ‘for’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option D replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Khurshid said that a heckler’s freedom of speech and expression would have to be consistent with the right to movement and privacy of the recipient.

Option D is hence the correct answer.