Directions: In each question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
1
Economic policies formulated by the IAS officers are generally above the power of comprehension off most of the ministers.
» Explain it
D
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The word ‘comprehension’ must be followed the preposition ‘of’ instead of ‘off’ in this context. The expression “comprehension of” means ‘understanding of’.

Hence, ‘of’ should be used in place of ‘off’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option D replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Economic policies formulated by the IAS officers are generally above the power of comprehension of most of the ministers.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
A
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The noun or pronoun relating to a gerund should always be in the possessive case. A gerund is a verb form which functions as a noun. It is present in verb+ing form. Hence the possessive pronoun ‘his’ should be used in place of the objective pronoun ‘him’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option A replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Karim’s father does not like his hanging around with rowdy boys who cause trouble.

Option A is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Usage of the phrasal verb 'fall out' which means ‘have an argument' is inappropriate in this sentence.

'Fall back' which means ‘withdraw or retreat’ would be suitable in this context.

E.g.: The infantry fell back in disarray.

Hence ‘fell back’ should be used in place of ‘fell out’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The Japanese army fell back only after the devastating attack on Nagasaki.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
4
The minister didn’t respond to an email requesting an interview, and a call to her office wasn’t answered.
» Explain it
E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
5
One of the largest slums in the world is Dharavi where lakhs of people live cheek with jowling in tiny shacks.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression is 'cheek by jowl’ and not ‘cheek with jowling’.

kick the can down the road (Idiom):

Meaning: Close together.

E.g.: They lived cheek by jowl in a one-room flat.

 Hence ‘cheek by jowl’ should be used in place of ‘cheek with jowling’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

One of the largest slums in the world is Dharavi where lakhs of people live cheek by jowl in tiny shacks.

Option C is hence the correct answer.