Directions: In each question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression is 'keep his chin up' and not keep his cheek upwards'.

Keep one’s chin up (Idiom):

Meaning: To stay cheerful and hopeful during difficult times.

E.g.: Keep your chin up, we're not lost yet.

 Hence ‘keep his chin up’ should be used in place of ‘keep his cheek upwards’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

It is essential for an entrepreneur to keep his chin up despite failures and setbacks.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
2
India being at enmity without China weakens not only the Asian economy but also the global economy as a whole.
» Explain it
D
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The word ‘enemity’ must be followed the preposition ‘with’ instead of ‘without’ in this context. The expression “enmity with” means ‘hostility with’.

Hence ‘with’ should be used in place of ‘without’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option D replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

It is not uncommon for politicians to fake their degrees and pass off as highly educated.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
 
3
Hecklers generally hurt themselves and their party the most because they showed both under a bad light.
» Explain it
C
There are two errors in the bold part.

Firstly, the phrasal verb ‘in a bad light’ which means ‘in a way that makes someone or something look bad’ has been written incorrectly. Therefore, ‘under a bad light’ must be replaced by ‘in a bad light’ in order to make the sentence correct.

E.g.: The defendants were shown in a bad light by the lawyer.

Secondly, the tense of the word ‘showed’ is also erroneous. The given sentence is in simple present tense. Therefore, ‘showed’ should be replaced by ‘show’ to make it a grammatically correct sentence.

Among the given choices option C replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Hecklers generally hurt themselves and their party the most because they show both in a bad light.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
5
The President gave up the National Bravery Awards to the deserving children whose selfless acts of bravery have inspired many.
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Usage of the phrasal verb 'give up' which means ‘admit defeat' is inappropriate in this sentence.

'Give out' which means ‘distribute’ would be suitable in this context.

E.g.: The teacher gave out the question papers.

Hence ‘gave out’ should be used in place of ‘gave up’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The President gave out the National Bravery Awards to the deserving children whose selfless acts of bravery have inspired many.

Option B is hence the correct answer.