Directions: In each question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
1
One has to elbow once ways through the crowd in order to see the exquisite idols during Durga Puja in Kolkata.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The correct idiomatic expression is 'elbow one’s way through' and not 'elbow once ways through'.

Elbow one’s way (Idiom):

Meaning: To force one's way in, to, or through a crowded place, as by pushing other people with one's elbows.

E.g.: We had to elbow our way through the crowd to board the train on time.

 Hence ‘elbow one’s way through’ should be used in place of ‘elbow once ways through’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option C replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

One has to elbow one’s way through the crowd in order to see the exquisite idols during Durga Puja in Kolkata.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: The word ‘later’ means ‘at a time in the near future’ and is unsuitable in this sentence. The correct word to be used here is ‘latter’ which means ‘denoting the second or second mentioned of two people or things.’ Hence ‘latter’ should be used in place of ‘later’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Both the US and China are formidable world powers but India should side with the latter.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
3
It wouldn’t be wise for India to go out America’s verbal assurance unless it is supported by actions.
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is erroneous.

Reason: Usage of the phrasal verb 'go out' which means ‘be extinguished' is inappropriate in this sentence.

'Go by' which means ‘to accept what someone or something says when you are deciding what to do or think’ would be suitable in this context.

E.g.: Going by what Tim said, we should be there by mid-afternoon.

Hence ‘go by’ should be used in place of ‘go out’ to make the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.

Among the given choices, only option B replaces the given bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

It wouldn’t be wise for India to go by America’s verbal assurance unless it is supported by actions.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
 
4
Amidst the gloom, the functioning of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code is cause for optimism.
» Explain it
E
The original sentence is absolutely correct and hence the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
 
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is incorrect

Reason: There are two errors in the bold part.

Firstly, the term ‘furniture’ is a collective noun. Collective nouns are used in singular form. Therefore, ‘furnitures’ must be replaced by ‘furniture’ in order to make the sentence correct.

Secondly, the word ‘family’ has been used in singular form and should be followed by a singular verb. Therefore, ‘were’ should be replaced by ‘was’ in order to make it a grammatically correct sentence.

Among the choices available, option C replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The accumulated dust on the furniture indicated that the family was long gone.

Option C is hence the correct answer.