Directions: In this question, a part of the sentence is made bold. Below are given alternatives to the bold part at (A), (B), (C) and (D) which may improve the sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no replacement is needed, mark (E) as your answer.
» Explain it
B
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: The verb ‘find’ is not in agreement with the subject ‘A comedian’ which is singular in number. Besides, ‘for two points’ usage of ‘among’ is erroneous. Instead of ‘among’ ‘between’ must be used to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Clearly, among the given choices option B replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

A comedian analyzes the mundane from a variety of angles and finds the thread between two points.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
2
A federal government climate-change report released last year shows the Pacific Northwest is already seeing damage from rising temperatures.
» Explain it
E
The original sentence is correct in the given form and therefore the bold part needs no replacement.

Option E is hence the correct answer.
3
Getting to hire as the assistant to a pastry chef seemed like a dream come true.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: The sentence is starting with a gerund and implying as the narrator is feeling happy to have got the job of the assistant to a pastry chef. Therefore, instead of ‘to hire’, the past participle ‘hired’ must be used to make the sentence meaningful.

Ex. Getting married was the best decision of my life. (Correct)

Ex. Getting to marry was the best decision of my life. (Incorrect)

Clearly, among the given choices option C replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Getting hired as the assistant to a pastry chef seemed like a dream come true.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
4
The article explores the problem and the consequences damage arises out of dumping about 5 to 13 million tonnes of plastic into the ocean each year.
» Explain it
D
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: The given part is grammatically as well as contextually incorrect as two nouns ‘consequences’ and ‘damage’ are coming together and making no sense. Instead of ‘consequences’ the adjective ‘consequential’ would make sense in the given context of the sentence.

Besides, usage of the second verb ‘arises’ is also ungrammatical here.

Ex. My mother is next to the lady wears the red hat. (Incorrect)

Ex. My mother is next to the lady wearing the red hat. (Correct)

Instead of ‘arises’, present participle ‘arising’ should be used here.

Clearly, among the given choices option D replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

The article explores the problem and the consequential damage arising out of dumping about 5 to 13 million tonnes of plastic into the ocean each year.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
C
The original sentence is incorrect.

Reason: As we can observe that the sentence is made in Present Perfect Tense (Have + V3), usage of ‘increasing’ is ungrammatical in the sentence. Instead of it, the adverb ‘increasingly’ should be used here.

Besides, the verb ‘opt’ always takes preposition ‘for’ after it. Therefore, ‘to’ must be replaced by ‘for’ to make it a grammatically correct sentence.

Clearly, among the given choices option C replaces the bold part most appropriately.

The sentence after replacement becomes:

Students from around the world have increasingly started opting for online education.

Option C is hence the correct answer.