Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given against each letter and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

The ‘normal’ monsoon forecast of the India Meteorological Department brings the promise of a year of growth and good health for India’s economy and ____ A ____. If correct, India will have a second consecutive year of normal rainfall, after two years of ____ B ____. The prospect that 2017 will be a good year boosts the prospects of enhanced agricultural output, healthy____ C ____ levels, more hydropower and reduced conflicts over water. It will also test the ____ D ____ of the expensive water management initiatives launched during 2014 and 2015 by the Centre and the State governments to harness rainfall and build resilience for future drought cycles. As the IMD’s experience shows, forecasting the all-India summer monsoon rainfall is fraught with ____ E ____ and has often gone off the mark. The dynamic model that it is using this year to make a forecast that includes an assessment of two ____ F ____ — a possible late onset El Niño in the Pacific Ocean and variations in sea surface temperatures that create the Indian Ocean Dipole — will be keenly watched. Given that El Niño is expected only in the later part of the year when the monsoon is in its final stages, the expectation of normal rainfall is ____ G ____. A confirmation could come in June.
» Explain it
Usage of either of the compound nouns “bio-diversity” and “eco-friendliness” would be irrelevant as neither of them is going well with the context. Options D and E hence get eliminated.

“Prosperity” would have been a suitable choice, had the word ‘health’ not present in the clause.

Between the rest of the two words - “atmosphere” and “ecology”, the latter fits the blank more appropriately as the noun ecology describes the environment as it connects to living things, or the branch of biology that studies that environment whereas “atmosphere” just refers to ‘the pervading tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work.’

Option C is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
In the context of ‘monsoon forecast’ and ‘rainfall’ the most suitable word among the given ones is “drought” which refers to ‘a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.’

‘Scarcity’ is a broader term and if used, would not be able to specifically define the context of the paragraph.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
Usage of the word “confidence” for the blank is absolutely absurd as it makes no sense in the context of the paragraph. This eliminates option B.

The paragraph in the very beginning mentions “monsoon” and “a normal rainfall” as causes of some possible effects, such as enhanced agricultural output, more hydropower and reduced conflicts over water, which we are going to witness in 2017. Therefore, either of the words “rainfall” and “monsoon” will not be appropriate for the blank. Options D and E can be eliminated as well.

Now, if we use “yield” for the blank,it would bring redundancy to the context as the preceding phrase ‘enhanced agricultural output’ states the same thing.

Clearly, option A fits the blank appropriately and hence is the correct answer.
» Explain it
Out of the given options, usage of any of the words “conjecture”, accountability” and “synergy” does not bring any relevance to the context and hence can be eliminated.

Between “reality” and “efficacy” the latter seems to fit the blank more appropriately as the tone of the paragraph is positive and usage of “reality” would add a negative meaning to the context.

Efficacy (Noun):

the ability to produce a desired or intended result.

Ex. “there is little information on the efficacy of this treatment"

Ex.Since the traffic reports have not been announced yet, the efficacy of the new drunk driving laws cannot be confirmed.

Clearly, option D is the correct answer.
» Explain it
The predicative part “… has often gone off the mark.” Indicates unpredictability with respect to the monsoon and thus, the word “uncertainties” would be the best choice among all to fill in the blank.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

Cloze Test is asked in every Bank and Insurance exam. It is one of the most important topics of General English section. It is a very complex sentence completion test. In this test you are provided with a passage with few blanks and you need to fill these blanks from the given options. This test evaluates your Vocabulary power, understanding of the message spread out by the passage and your knowledge about grammar.

Some important tips on how to attempt Cloze Test:

1. First of all you have to go through the given passage and try to get a rough idea about the content and the message it conveys.

2. Once you get the rough idea about the passage and understand logics behind it. These logics will give you an idea about the appropriate word for the blank space.

3. Sometimes you can easily spot the correct answer. If not, then eliminate the improbable options one by one and get the right answer.

4. Find a logical relation between all the provided options and fill the appropriate word in the given blanks.

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