English Questions with Detailed Explanation for SBI PO, LIC AAO, LIC ADO 2020 at Smartkeeda

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given against each letter and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

This year, the world’s largest democracy, India, and the biggest country by ___ A ___, Russia, are celebrating the 70th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between them. Russia continues to be among India’s major politico-diplomatic and defence partner nations. While India has ___ B ___ separate strategic partnership pacts with more than two dozen countries, the Indian and Russian governments in December 2010 ___ C ___ their bilateral ‘Strategic Partnership’ to what they termed a “Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership.”

The New Delhi-based ___ D ___ ‘Foundation for National Security Research’, which did a comparative assessment of India’s strategic partnerships — meaning, ‘political-diplomatic, defence and economic cooperation’ (during the 10-year period prior to November 2011), had said, “Russia emerges as the most important strategic partner of India (followed by the U.S., France, the U.K., Germany and Japan in that order).” The November 2011 report had found that Russia had provided strong political and diplomatic support to India and helped enormously in building India’s defence capability. However, it warned that the “economic content of the (India-Russia) partnership is extremely weak,” and recommended that “urgent and ___ E ___ steps need to be taken to improve economic relations if this (India-Russia) partnership is to be sustained and made durable.”
» Explain it
To answer this question correctly one needs to be good at general awareness as per which Russia is world’s biggest country by ‘area’.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
As the words “considered” and “contemplated” are synonyms, neither of them could be picked for the blank. Options B and C hence get eliminated.

Moreover, the words “refuted” and “revoked” are negative in meaning and thus would not go well with the context. Options D and E get eliminated as well.

Clearly, the word “inked”, the present form of which refers to ‘sign or enter a pact or contract’ is the word that’d be fitting the gap appropriately.

Option A is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
Usage of any of the words “called”, “nullified” and “declared” for the blank restricts the flow of the sentence because of the presence of the preposition ‘to’ in the predicate part. Options A, D and E hence get eliminated.

As the first sentence evidently implies a long term relation between the two countries – India & Russia, the word “revived” will not be relevant here for the blank.

Clearly, the word “elevated” would be fitting the blank both grammatically and contextually.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
Out of the given choices, only the noun phrase “think tank” which refers to ‘a body of experts providing advice and ideas on specific political or economic problems’ is the most appropriate option to be picked for the blank.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
Usage of any of words “precarious”, “minuscule” and “exhilarating” would be absurdas none of them is meaningful or logical in the context of the passage. Options B, D and E can hence be eliminated.

Usage of “various” for the blank will not be appropriate either as it’s not going well with the word “urgent” in combination. We can eliminate option A as well.

Clearly, the word “vigorous” which means ‘strong and forceful’ would be the most appropriate word for the blank in the given context of the passage.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

Cloze Test is asked in every Bank and Insurance exam. It is one of the most important topics of General English section. It is a very complex sentence completion test. In this test you are provided with a passage with few blanks and you need to fill these blanks from the given options. This test evaluates your Vocabulary power, understanding of the message spread out by the passage and your knowledge about grammar.

Some important tips on how to attempt Cloze Test:

1. First of all you have to go through the given passage and try to get a rough idea about the content and the message it conveys.

2. Once you get the rough idea about the passage and understand logics behind it. These logics will give you an idea about the appropriate word for the blank space.

3. Sometimes you can easily spot the correct answer. If not, then eliminate the improbable options one by one and get the right answer.

4. Find a logical relation between all the provided options and fill the appropriate word in the given blanks.

On this page, at Smartkeeda.com you will find Shortcuts on How to Attempt Cloze Test in your next big competitive exams, different type of cloze test with complete solution, most relevant close tests for all banking exams, practice test based on cloze test, cloze test exercises with answers, cloze test solving tricks, new pattern based cloze test for banks and insurance exams,  

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