Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given against each letter and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.


It is clear that the GST reform will lead to significant ___ A ___ in the economy in the short term. How short is the short term depends on how well the transition is planned, and how fast the economic agents will adjust to the new normal. The disruptions caused by demonetization continue to ___ B___ large parts of the unorganised economy even as the economy had been substantially remonetised. It is very difficult to predict the impact of such disruptions and the ___ C ___ they create. The power loom sector has considerably suffered on account of one disruption, and with different tax rates proposed to be levied on yarn, fabrics and readymade garments, Tamil Nadu manufacturers are at war. Transporters will soon find that the tax paid on fuel cannot be credited against the GST payable on the transportation services ___ D ___ by them. There are concerns about the rates of tax, mandated compliances and glitches in transition, and investment activity is virtually at a standstill, with everyone waiting to see how the reform pans. Even as the tax is about to be ___ E ___ , old decisions are changed and new decisions taken by the GST Council, and there is hardly any time to ___ F ___ them. The government could have used the time until September to provide greater clarity and test the technology through some ___G ___ runs to ensure a smoother transition.
» Explain it
C
If we observe the sentence “how fast the economic agents will adjust to the new normal” we can infer that the writer has his apprehensions regarding the successful implementation of the GST. The introductory sentence also implies that GST would have negative effect in the short run.

Out of the choices given, the word ‘Disruption’ which refers to ‘disturbance or problems which interrupt an event, activity, or process’ seems to be the most appropriate word for the blank.

All other words are positive in nature and hence get eliminated.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
D
As the verb ‘shamble’ which refers to ‘moving with a slow, shuffling, awkward gait’ is an intransitive one, the object ‘large parts of unorganized economy’ after it would be absurd and hence the verb is not suitable for the blank.

The verb ‘exist’ should assume the preposition ‘in’ after it but as the preposition ‘in’ is missing in the sentence, usage of ‘exist’ would not be appropriate in the context of the passage.

The verb ‘covet’ which refers to ‘yearn to possess’ would be absolutely illogical, if used for the blank.

The verb ‘shackle’ means ‘to restrain or to limit’ and use of it for the blank doesn’t add any meaning to the context.

Clearly, the word ‘haunt’ which refers to ‘persistently disturbing a situation’ seems to fit the blank most appropriately.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
A
The sentence following the one that has the blank refers to the negative impact the ‘demonetization’ step has created. Clearly, the word for the blank has to be negative in nature as well.

Out of the choices given, there are only two such words that have negative connotation – discontent and animosity and between these two the word ‘discontent’ which means ‘dissatisfaction’ or ‘unhappiness’ seems to be fitting the blank more appropriately.

Option A is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
C
In business terms, when completion of service requested by a client resulting in payment request, we say that the service is ‘rendered’.

No other word is coherent here in the context of the passage.

Option C is hence the correct answer.
» Explain it
D
The verb ‘levy’ is in present form whereas it has to be in the past participle as the sentence is in passive voice. Option A hence gets eliminated here.

As it implies from the passage, that the idea of the GST has already been proposed, the word ‘proposed’ would not be appropriate in the given context. This eliminates option B as well.

Out of the remaining words only the word ‘unveiled’ which means ‘to present or to reveal’ makes the best choice for the blank.

Option D is hence the correct answer.