 # Machine Input Output for SBI PO 2020 and IBPS PO 2020 | Input Output Quiz 26 at Smartkeeda  Directions: An alphanumeric machine accepts letters as input and delivers output in form of numbers through different steps. Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step. Each step gives output taking input from the previous step. Below mentioned is an illustration of the same.

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Step4 is the final output.

On the basis of above illustration find the output and different steps for the following input.

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust
Important for :
1
What is the sum of the digits of the value that is obtained as final output?
» Explain it
B
From the following explanation it is clear that the final output is 14 and sum of its digits is 5.

Hence, option B is the correct answer.

Final Output:

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

Common Explanation

Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step.

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Addition.

Here, the conversion of letters to numbers is done by performing addition of certain numbers to the number of letters of each word. The numbers are to be written in the same order in which their respective words are written in the input.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 1.
• For 'your' number of letters are 4 so its respective number becomes 4 + 2 = 6.
• For 'early', number of letters are 5 so its respective number becomes 5 + 3 = 8.
Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Inference:

Here the mathematical operation performed is : Multiplication.
• To obtain the first value of step 2, product of first and second numbers (from left end) is taken.
• To get the second value of step 2, product of third and fourth numbers is taken.
• To acquire the third value of step 2, product of fifth and sixth numbers is taken.
• To identify the fourth value of step 2, product of seventh and eighth numbers is taken.
Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 2.

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Reference:

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Subtraction.

First value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of first and second numbers from left end.

Second value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of third and fourth numbers from left end.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 3.

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Reference:

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Average.

Average of both the numbers of step 3 is taken to obtain the value of step 4.

Following the same logic, the value of step 4 is (16+12)/2 = 14

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14
2
Which of the following is the difference between the sum of numbers that are greater than 7 and the sum of numbers that are less than 7 in step 1?
» Explain it
C
From the following explanation it is clear that the sum of numbers greater than 7 in step 1 are = 8+8+8 => 24
Sum of the numbers less than 7 = 4+6+6+6+6 => 28
Required difference = 28 – 24 => 4

Hence, option C is the correct answer.

Final Output:

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

Common Explanation

Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step.

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Addition.

Here, the conversion of letters to numbers is done by performing addition of certain numbers to the number of letters of each word. The numbers are to be written in the same order in which their respective words are written in the input.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 1.
• For 'your' number of letters are 4 so its respective number becomes 4 + 2 = 6.
• For 'early', number of letters are 5 so its respective number becomes 5 + 3 = 8.
Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Inference:

Here the mathematical operation performed is : Multiplication.
• To obtain the first value of step 2, product of first and second numbers (from left end) is taken.
• To get the second value of step 2, product of third and fourth numbers is taken.
• To acquire the third value of step 2, product of fifth and sixth numbers is taken.
• To identify the fourth value of step 2, product of seventh and eighth numbers is taken.
Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 2.

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Reference:

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Subtraction.

First value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of first and second numbers from left end.

Second value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of third and fourth numbers from left end.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 3.

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Reference:

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Average.

Average of both the numbers of step 3 is taken to obtain the value of step 4.

Following the same logic, the value of step 4 is (16+12)/2 = 14

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14
3
Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which of the following does not belong to the group?
» Explain it
E
From the following explanation it is clear that in the pair "42 – 14" 42 is not among the given values, thus is the odd one out.

In rest of the options both the numbers of the pair are among the values of different steps of output.

Hence, option E is the correct answer.

Final Output:

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

Common Explanation

Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step.

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Addition.

Here, the conversion of letters to numbers is done by performing addition of certain numbers to the number of letters of each word. The numbers are to be written in the same order in which their respective words are written in the input.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 1.
• For 'your' number of letters are 4 so its respective number becomes 4 + 2 = 6.
• For 'early', number of letters are 5 so its respective number becomes 5 + 3 = 8.
Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Inference:

Here the mathematical operation performed is : Multiplication.
• To obtain the first value of step 2, product of first and second numbers (from left end) is taken.
• To get the second value of step 2, product of third and fourth numbers is taken.
• To acquire the third value of step 2, product of fifth and sixth numbers is taken.
• To identify the fourth value of step 2, product of seventh and eighth numbers is taken.
Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 2.

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Reference:

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Subtraction.

First value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of first and second numbers from left end.

Second value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of third and fourth numbers from left end.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 3.

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Reference:

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Average.

Average of both the numbers of step 3 is taken to obtain the value of step 4.

Following the same logic, the value of step 4 is (16+12)/2 = 14

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14
4
Which of the following is the square of the sum of the digits of step 3?
» Explain it
A
From the following explanation it is clear that the sum of the digits of step 3 are 1+6+1+2 = 10
Square of 10 = 100.

Hence, option A is the correct answer.

Final Output:

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

Common Explanation

Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step.

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Addition.

Here, the conversion of letters to numbers is done by performing addition of certain numbers to the number of letters of each word. The numbers are to be written in the same order in which their respective words are written in the input.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 1.
• For 'your' number of letters are 4 so its respective number becomes 4 + 2 = 6.
• For 'early', number of letters are 5 so its respective number becomes 5 + 3 = 8.
Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Inference:

Here the mathematical operation performed is : Multiplication.
• To obtain the first value of step 2, product of first and second numbers (from left end) is taken.
• To get the second value of step 2, product of third and fourth numbers is taken.
• To acquire the third value of step 2, product of fifth and sixth numbers is taken.
• To identify the fourth value of step 2, product of seventh and eighth numbers is taken.
Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 2.

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Reference:

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Subtraction.

First value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of first and second numbers from left end.

Second value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of third and fourth numbers from left end.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 3.

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Reference:

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Average.

Average of both the numbers of step 3 is taken to obtain the value of step 4.

Following the same logic, the value of step 4 is (16+12)/2 = 14

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14
5
What is the sum of the numbers that are second from left end and second from right end in step 2?
» Explain it
B
From the following explanation it is clear that sum of the second number from right end and second number from left end is 48+36 = 84

Hence, option B is the correct answer.

Final Output:

Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

Common Explanation

Each step is obtained by applying an operation different from the previous step.

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Addition.

Here, the conversion of letters to numbers is done by performing addition of certain numbers to the number of letters of each word. The numbers are to be written in the same order in which their respective words are written in the input.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 1.
• For 'your' number of letters are 4 so its respective number becomes 4 + 2 = 6.
• For 'early', number of letters are 5 so its respective number becomes 5 + 3 = 8.
Input: early to bed keeps your mind fit robust

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Reference:

Step1: 8 6 6 10 10 4 6 8

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Inference:

Here the mathematical operation performed is : Multiplication.
• To obtain the first value of step 2, product of first and second numbers (from left end) is taken.
• To get the second value of step 2, product of third and fourth numbers is taken.
• To acquire the third value of step 2, product of fifth and sixth numbers is taken.
• To identify the fourth value of step 2, product of seventh and eighth numbers is taken.
Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 2.

Step1: 8 4 6 8 6 6 6 8

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Reference:

Step2: 48 60 40 48

Step3: 12 8

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Subtraction.

First value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of first and second numbers from left end.

Second value of step 3 is obtained by taking the difference of third and fourth numbers from left end.

Following the same logic, we can easily find the values of step 3.

Step2: 32 48 36 48

Step3: 16 12

Reference:

Step3: 12 8

Step4: 10

Inference:

Here the operation performed is : Average.

Average of both the numbers of step 3 is taken to obtain the value of step 4.

Following the same logic, the value of step 4 is (16+12)/2 = 14

Step3: 16 12

Step4: 14

#### Machine Input Output Questions for SBI PO 2020 and IBPS PO 2020 | Input Output Quiz No 26 at Smartkeeda

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