Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
 
Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67
 
Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242
 
Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335
 
Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343
 
Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367
 
Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722
 
Step 5 is the final output.
 
Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.
 
Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11.
1
In which of the following steps, 'taboo' is placed at third from the left end?
» Explain it
E
From the following output it is clear that 'taboo' is third from left in "Input" as well as in "step 4."

Hence option E is correct.

Final Output:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Common Explanation:

Change in Word: Change in words takes place as per the dictionary order and placed at the right end just before the number.

Change in Number: Change in numbers takes place as per the ascending order. Thereafter numbers are changed to a new number which is obtained by application of the following rules and then shifted to the extreme right end.

Rule I: If the number is even, then place '2' at the end of the number.
Rule II: If the number is odd, then place '3' at the beginning of the number.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously in each step.

The given pattern:

Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67

Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242

Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335

Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343

Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367

Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722


Solution to the given input:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383
» Explain it
B
From the following output it is clear that "taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383" is the final output.

Step 5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Hence option B is correct.

Final Output:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Common Explanation:

Change in Word: Change in words takes place as per the dictionary order and placed at the right end just before the number.

Change in Number: Change in numbers takes place as per the ascending order. Thereafter numbers are changed to a new number which is obtained by application of the following rules and then shifted to the extreme right end.

Rule I: If the number is even, then place '2' at the end of the number.
Rule II: If the number is odd, then place '3' at the beginning of the number.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously in each step.

The given pattern:

Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67

Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242

Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335

Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343

Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367

Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722


Solution to the given input:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383
3
What is the difference between the highest and the lowest numbers of step 3?
» Explain it
D
From the following output it is clear that the difference between the highest and the lowest numbers of step 3 is 413.

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Hence option D is correct.

Final Output:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Common Explanation:

Change in Word: Change in words takes place as per the dictionary order and placed at the right end just before the number.

Change in Number: Change in numbers takes place as per the ascending order. Thereafter numbers are changed to a new number which is obtained by application of the following rules and then shifted to the extreme right end.

Rule I: If the number is even, then place '2' at the end of the number.
Rule II: If the number is odd, then place '3' at the beginning of the number.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously in each step.

The given pattern:

Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67

Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242

Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335

Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343

Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367

Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722


Solution to the given input:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383
4
Which of the following elements is second to the left of fourth element from the right end in step 2?
» Explain it
C
From the following output it is clear that '69' is second to the left of fourth element from right end in step 2.

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Hence option C is correct.

Final Output:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Common Explanation:

Change in Word: Change in words takes place as per the dictionary order and placed at the right end just before the number.

Change in Number: Change in numbers takes place as per the ascending order. Thereafter numbers are changed to a new number which is obtained by application of the following rules and then shifted to the extreme right end.

Rule I: If the number is even, then place '2' at the end of the number.
Rule II: If the number is odd, then place '3' at the beginning of the number.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously in each step.

The given pattern:

Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67

Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242

Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335

Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343

Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367

Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722


Solution to the given input:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383
5
In which of the following steps "83 tissue taboo" is seen in the same sequence?
» Explain it
A
From the following output it is clear that '83 tissue taboo' is seen in the same sequence in step 4.

Hence option A is correct.

Final Output:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383

Common Explanation:

Change in Word: Change in words takes place as per the dictionary order and placed at the right end just before the number.

Change in Number: Change in numbers takes place as per the ascending order. Thereafter numbers are changed to a new number which is obtained by application of the following rules and then shifted to the extreme right end.

Rule I: If the number is even, then place '2' at the end of the number.
Rule II: If the number is odd, then place '3' at the beginning of the number.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously in each step.

The given pattern:

Input: name 72 nest 24 near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67

Step1: 72 nest near 35 nostalgic 43 narrow 67 name 242

Step2: 72 nest near nostalgic 43 67 name 242 narrow 335

Step3: 72 nest nostalgic 67 name 242 narrow 335 near 343

Step4: 72 nostalgic name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367

Step5: name 242 narrow 335 near 343 nest 367 nostalgic 722


Solution to the given input:

Input: team 55 taboo 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test 11

Step1: team 55 48 tackle 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311

Step2: team 55 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482

Step3: 83 tissue 69 test taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355

Step4: 83 tissue taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369

Step5: taboo 311 tackle 482 team 355 test 369 tissue 383