Machine Input Output for IBPS PO 2019 and SBI PO 2020 Exams | Download Machine Input Output PDF at Smartkeeda

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and
 
Step X is the final output.
 
Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.
 
Input : technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
1
How many steps are needed to reach the final output?
» Explain it
B
From the following output it is clear that 9 steps are needed to reach the final output.

Hence option B is correct.

Final Output:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Common Explanation:

Change in Number: 
Change in numbers take place as per the ascending order of the sum of the digits of each number. The number whose sum of digits is smallest is placed at extreme left end followed by the number whose sum of digits is second smallest and so on.

Change in Word: Change in words take place in descending order of number of consonants in each word.The word with the highest number of consonants is placed at left end (immediately after the number) followed by the word with the second highest number of consonants and so on.

Note: Changes in word and number take place in alternate steps starting with number first. If in a step, a number is already at the desired place then for that particular step operation will be performed on word and vice-versa.

The given pattern:

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and

Table showing change in the given pattern:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
faster 4 4th 24 6 1st
and 2 6th 37 10 4th
rapid 3 5th 61 7 2nd
progressive 7 1st 18 9 3rd
requirement 6 2nd 85 13 6th
building 5 3rd 93 12 5th


Output for the asked input:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Table showing change in the asked input:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
technology 7 1st 47 11 6th
transfer 6 2nd 26 8 3rd
rate 2 6th 72 9 4th
achieving 5 3rd 51 6 2nd
extra 3 5th 91 10 5th
version 4 4th 32 5 1st
2
Which of the following is fourth to the left of '47' in step VI?
» Explain it
C
From the following output it is clear that 'transfer' is fourth to the left of 47 in step VI.

Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version

Hence option C is correct.

Final Output:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Common Explanation:

Change in Number: 
Change in numbers take place as per the ascending order of the sum of the digits of each number. The number whose sum of digits is smallest is placed at extreme left end followed by the number whose sum of digits is second smallest and so on.

Change in Word: Change in words take place in descending order of number of consonants in each word.The word with the highest number of consonants is placed at left end (immediately after the number) followed by the word with the second highest number of consonants and so on.

Note: Changes in word and number take place in alternate steps starting with number first. If in a step, a number is already at the desired place then for that particular step operation will be performed on word and vice-versa.

The given pattern:

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and

Table showing change in the given pattern:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
faster 4 4th 24 6 1st
and 2 6th 37 10 4th
rapid 3 5th 61 7 2nd
progressive 7 1st 18 9 3rd
requirement 6 2nd 85 13 6th
building 5 3rd 93 12 5th


Output for the asked input:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Table showing change in the asked input:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
technology 7 1st 47 11 6th
transfer 6 2nd 26 8 3rd
rate 2 6th 72 9 4th
achieving 5 3rd 51 6 2nd
extra 3 5th 91 10 5th
version 4 4th 32 5 1st
3
In which of the following steps "version 91 47 rate" is seen in the same sequence?
» Explain it
B
From the following output it is clear that "version 91 47 rate" is seen in the same sequence in step VIII.

Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra

Hence option B is correct.

Final Output:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Common Explanation:

Change in Number: 
Change in numbers take place as per the ascending order of the sum of the digits of each number. The number whose sum of digits is smallest is placed at extreme left end followed by the number whose sum of digits is second smallest and so on.

Change in Word: Change in words take place in descending order of number of consonants in each word.The word with the highest number of consonants is placed at left end (immediately after the number) followed by the word with the second highest number of consonants and so on.

Note: Changes in word and number take place in alternate steps starting with number first. If in a step, a number is already at the desired place then for that particular step operation will be performed on word and vice-versa.

The given pattern:

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and

Table showing change in the given pattern:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
faster 4 4th 24 6 1st
and 2 6th 37 10 4th
rapid 3 5th 61 7 2nd
progressive 7 1st 18 9 3rd
requirement 6 2nd 85 13 6th
building 5 3rd 93 12 5th


Output for the asked input:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Table showing change in the asked input:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
technology 7 1st 47 11 6th
transfer 6 2nd 26 8 3rd
rate 2 6th 72 9 4th
achieving 5 3rd 51 6 2nd
extra 3 5th 91 10 5th
version 4 4th 32 5 1st
4
Which of the following comes exactly between 51 and 91 in step III?
» Explain it
A
From the following output it is clear that 'rate' is exactly between 51 and 91 in step III.

Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version

Hence option A is correct.

Final Output:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Common Explanation:

Change in Number: 
Change in numbers take place as per the ascending order of the sum of the digits of each number. The number whose sum of digits is smallest is placed at extreme left end followed by the number whose sum of digits is second smallest and so on.

Change in Word: Change in words take place in descending order of number of consonants in each word.The word with the highest number of consonants is placed at left end (immediately after the number) followed by the word with the second highest number of consonants and so on.

Note: Changes in word and number take place in alternate steps starting with number first. If in a step, a number is already at the desired place then for that particular step operation will be performed on word and vice-versa.

The given pattern:

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and

Table showing change in the given pattern:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
faster 4 4th 24 6 1st
and 2 6th 37 10 4th
rapid 3 5th 61 7 2nd
progressive 7 1st 18 9 3rd
requirement 6 2nd 85 13 6th
building 5 3rd 93 12 5th


Output for the asked input:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Table showing change in the asked input:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
technology 7 1st 47 11 6th
transfer 6 2nd 26 8 3rd
rate 2 6th 72 9 4th
achieving 5 3rd 51 6 2nd
extra 3 5th 91 10 5th
version 4 4th 32 5 1st
5
Which of the following is seventh from the right end in final output?
» Explain it
B
From the following output it is clear that 'achieving' is seventh from right end in finl output.

Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Hence option B is correct.

Final Output:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Common Explanation:

Change in Number: 
Change in numbers take place as per the ascending order of the sum of the digits of each number. The number whose sum of digits is smallest is placed at extreme left end followed by the number whose sum of digits is second smallest and so on.

Change in Word: Change in words take place in descending order of number of consonants in each word.The word with the highest number of consonants is placed at left end (immediately after the number) followed by the word with the second highest number of consonants and so on.

Note: Changes in word and number take place in alternate steps starting with number first. If in a step, a number is already at the desired place then for that particular step operation will be performed on word and vice-versa.

The given pattern:

Input: faster 24 and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step I:24 faster and 37 rapid 61 progressive 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step II:24 progressive faster and 37 rapid 61 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step III:24 progressive 61 faster and 37 rapid 18 requirement 85 building 93
Step IV:24 progressive 61 requirement faster and 37 rapid 18 85 building 93
Step V:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 faster and 37 rapid 85 building 93
Step VI:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building faster and 37 rapid 85 93
Step VII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster and rapid 85 93
Step VIII:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 and rapid 85
Step IX:24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid and 85
Step X: 24 progressive 61 requirement 18 building 37 faster 93 rapid 85 and

Table showing change in the given pattern:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
faster 4 4th 24 6 1st
and 2 6th 37 10 4th
rapid 3 5th 61 7 2nd
progressive 7 1st 18 9 3rd
requirement 6 2nd 85 13 6th
building 5 3rd 93 12 5th


Output for the asked input:

Input: technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version 32
Step I:32 technology 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving 51 extra 91 version
Step II:32 technology 51 47 transfer 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step III:32 technology 51 transfer 47 26 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step IV:32 technology 51 transfer 26 47 rate 72 achieving extra 91 version
Step V:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 47 rate 72 extra 91 version
Step VI:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 47 rate extra 91 version
Step VII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 47 rate extra 91
Step VIII:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 47 rate extra
Step IX:32 technology 51 transfer 26 achieving 72 version 91 extra 47 rate

Table showing change in the asked input:

Change in Word Change in Number
Word No. of consonants Order of Preference Number Sum of digits Order of Preference
 
technology 7 1st 47 11 6th
transfer 6 2nd 26 8 3rd
rate 2 6th 72 9 4th
achieving 5 3rd 51 6 2nd
extra 3 5th 91 10 5th
version 4 4th 32 5 1st