Directions: Rearrange the following six sentences A, B, C, D, E and F in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given beside.

A. Last June, ISRO had come close to NASA’s record by launching 20 satellites in one mission.

B. The Indian Space Research Organisation boosted its reputation further when it successfully launched a record 104 satellites in one mission from Sriharikota a few days ago.

C. Of the 101 foreign satellites launched, 96 were from the U.S. and one each from the other five countries.

D. An earth observation Cartosat-2 series satellite and two other nano satellites were the only Indian satellites launched: the remaining were from the United States, Israel, the UAE, the Netherlands, Kazakhstan and Switzerland.

E. The launch is particularly significant as ISRO now cements its position as a key player in the lucrative commercial space launch market by providing a cheaper yet highly reliable alternative.

F. But ISRO views the launch not as a mission to set a world record but as an opportunity to make full use of the capacity of the launch vehicle. 
1
Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
D
The correct sequence is B-D-C-A-F-E and the first sentence is clearly B.

Option D is hence the correct answer.

Common explanation:

The subject that is being discussed in the passage is the successful launch of 104 satellites in a single mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation and hence sentence B sets the tone by mentioning this achievement in brief.

Important hint to remember:
It is only the sentence B in which the expanded form of the organisation "Indian Space Research Organisation" is being used which further confirms it to be the opening statement.

D follows as it elaborates the details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links D to B:
"Satellites"

C follows next as it states the further details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links C to D:
'The United States', 'Israel', 'the UAE', 'the Netherlands', 'Kazakhstan' and 'Switzerland' are foreign countries and keyword that links C to D is "foreign".

Now, if we pick sentence E as the next sentence, the position of sentence A as either the 5th or the 6th sentence would create absurdity and hence the only available choice for the 4th sentence is sentence A.

The sequence made so far is B-D-C-A.

The next sentence that should follow is sentence F that describes the real purpose of the launch of satellites.

Keywords that link F to A:
“ISRO”, “launch”, “record” and “mission”

Now, the only sentence that is left is E. The complete sequence of sentences hence should be: B-D-C-A-F-E.
2
Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangment?
» Explain it
A
The correct sequence is B-D-C-A-F-E and the second sentence is clearly D.

Option A is hence the correct answer.

Common explanation:

The subject that is being discussed in the passage is the successful launch of 104 satellites in a single mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation and hence sentence B sets the tone by mentioning this achievement in brief.

Important hint to remember:
It is only the sentence B in which the expanded form of the organisation "Indian Space Research Organisation" is being used which further confirms it to be the opening statement.

D follows as it elaborates the details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links D to B:
"Satellites"

C follows next as it states the further details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links C to D:
'The United States', 'Israel', 'the UAE', 'the Netherlands', 'Kazakhstan' and 'Switzerland' are foreign countries and keyword that links C to D is "foreign".

Now, if we pick sentence E as the next sentence, the position of sentence A as either the 5th or the 6th sentence would create absurdity and hence the only available choice for the 4th sentence is sentence A.

The sequence made so far is B-D-C-A.

The next sentence that should follow is sentence F that describes the real purpose of the launch of satellites.

Keywords that link F to A:
“ISRO”, “launch”, “record” and “mission”

Now, the only sentence that is left is E. The complete sequence of sentences hence should be: B-D-C-A-F-E.
3
Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
B
The correct sequence is B-D-C-A-F-E and the third sentence is clearly C.

Option B is hence the correct answer.

Common explanation:

The subject that is being discussed in the passage is the successful launch of 104 satellites in a single mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation and hence sentence B sets the tone by mentioning this achievement in brief.

Important hint to remember:
It is only the sentence B in which the expanded form of the organisation "Indian Space Research Organisation" is being used which further confirms it to be the opening statement.

D follows as it elaborates the details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links D to B:
"Satellites"

C follows next as it states the further details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links C to D:
'The United States', 'Israel', 'the UAE', 'the Netherlands', 'Kazakhstan' and 'Switzerland' are foreign countries and keyword that links C to D is "foreign".

Now, if we pick sentence E as the next sentence, the position of sentence A as either the 5th or the 6th sentence would create absurdity and hence the only available choice for the 4th sentence is sentence A.

The sequence made so far is B-D-C-A.

The next sentence that should follow is sentence F that describes the real purpose of the launch of satellites.

Keywords that link F to A:
“ISRO”, “launch”, “record” and “mission”

Now, the only sentence that is left is E. The complete sequence of sentences hence should be: B-D-C-A-F-E.
4
Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
D
The correct sequence is B-D-C-A-F-E and the fourth sentence is clearly A.

Option D is hence the correct answer.

Common explanation:

The subject that is being discussed in the passage is the successful launch of 104 satellites in a single mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation and hence sentence B sets the tone by mentioning this achievement in brief.

Important hint to remember:
It is only the sentence B in which the expanded form of the organisation "Indian Space Research Organisation" is being used which further confirms it to be the opening statement.

D follows as it elaborates the details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links D to B:
"Satellites"

C follows next as it states the further details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links C to D:
'The United States', 'Israel', 'the UAE', 'the Netherlands', 'Kazakhstan' and 'Switzerland' are foreign countries and keyword that links C to D is "foreign".

Now, if we pick sentence E as the next sentence, the position of sentence A as either the 5th or the 6th sentence would create absurdity and hence the only available choice for the 4th sentence is sentence A.

The sequence made so far is B-D-C-A.

The next sentence that should follow is sentence F that describes the real purpose of the launch of satellites.

Keywords that link F to A:
“ISRO”, “launch”, “record” and “mission”

Now, the only sentence that is left is E. The complete sequence of sentences hence should be: B-D-C-A-F-E.
5
Which of the following would be the LAST but one sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
E
The correct sequence is B-D-C-A-F-E and the last but one (second from the last) sentence is clearly F.

Option E is hence the correct answer.

Common explanation:

The subject that is being discussed in the passage is the successful launch of 104 satellites in a single mission by the Indian Space Research Organisation and hence sentence B sets the tone by mentioning this achievement in brief.

Important hint to remember:
It is only the sentence B in which the expanded form of the organisation "Indian Space Research Organisation" is being used which further confirms it to be the opening statement.

D follows as it elaborates the details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links D to B:
"Satellites"

C follows next as it states the further details of the satellites launched.

Keyword that links C to D:
'The United States', 'Israel', 'the UAE', 'the Netherlands', 'Kazakhstan' and 'Switzerland' are foreign countries and keyword that links C to D is "foreign".

Now, if we pick sentence E as the next sentence, the position of sentence A as either the 5th or the 6th sentence would create absurdity and hence the only available choice for the 4th sentence is sentence A.

The sequence made so far is B-D-C-A.

The next sentence that should follow is sentence F that describes the real purpose of the launch of satellites.

Keywords that link F to A:
“ISRO”, “launch”, “record” and “mission”

Now, the only sentence that is left is E. The complete sequence of sentences hence should be: B-D-C-A-F-E.

Rearrangement of Sentences is one of the most important topics of General English Section of competitive exams like Bank Exams, SSC Exams, CAT Exam, MAT Exams, etc. In this topic, basically, you are given a paragraph in the form of 5 or more sentences but these sentences are not in the right order. It’s up to you to rearrange the sentences so that they logically make sense. It’s not only your test of English but your reasoning skills also. The key to solving a Para-jumble or Rearrangement of Sentences is in identifying the chain of thought. Once an exam aspirant is able to identify the central point and chain of thought, solving Para-jumbles or Rearrangement of Sentences becomes easier.

Here are some important tips which an exam aspirant should apply to solve a Para-jumble or Rearrangement of Sentences:

1. Understand the theme of the given passage. If the theme is understood once the sentences can easily be put in right order.

2. Try to identify the first or the last sentence which is sometimes very easily identified.

3. Mostly, the first sentence will introduce the theme of the paragraph and will not begin with a conjunction like because, so, but, etc.

4. Transitions words and linking words sometimes help to put the sentences in a right order. So, look for the transitions words also.

5. Try to look for short forms or abbreviations and their full forms because the sentence containing the full form will come before the sentence containing the short form or the abbreviation.

6. Try to look for words or phrases explicitly indicating that one thing causes another or logically determines another. These words or phrases are: so…..that, therefore, when……then, given, thus, if….then, hence, because, in order to, etc.

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