Directions: Rearrange the following six sentences A, B, C, D, E, and F in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given beside.

A. In dualistic thinking, students typically tend to depend on figures of authority as benchmarks on what is right or wrong rather than analysing facts.
B. An understanding and realisation of this model could enable students to develop intellectually beyond the level.
C. His concept of dualistic thinking in his model of intellectual development involving nine levels, published in 1970.
D. Perry’s model today remains part of college teaching systems in many western contexts.
E. William G. Perrywas a well-known educational psychologist who studied the cognitive development of students during their college years.
F. Dualism refers to the first level of intellectual capacity, to understand good and evil in black and white, sans intervening shades.

1
Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
E
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the fourth sentence clearly is A.
 
Option E is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Out of the six sentences, the sentence E is clearly the first one as it introduces ‘William G. Perry’ (A proper noun) and sets the tone of the passage by mentioning the noun phrase ‘Cognitive Development’ (Again, a proper noun) in the sentence.

Sentence Cimmediately follows as it describes the model developed by William G. Perry. Interestingly, the writer has used the phrase ‘Intellectual development’ in place of ‘Cognitive development’. However, both the adjectives ‘intellectual’ and ‘cognitive’ are similar in meaning.

Keywords/Phrases that link C to E:

“His” in C links to “William G. Perry” in E.

“Intellectual development” in C links to “Cognitive development” in E.

Sentence F is to follow next as it refers to the first of the nine levels of intellectual development, mentioned in the previous sentence.

Keywords/Phrases that link F to C:

“First level” in F links to “nine levels” in C.

The sequence made so far is: E – C – F.

The sentence A follows next as it takes the description of ‘Dualism’ further.

Keywords/Phrases that link A to F:

“Dualistic thinking” in A links to “Dualism” in F.

Now, the sentence B describes how the model of ‘Dualistic thinking’ enables students to develop intellectually. The sentence B clearly, is to follow the sequence next.

Keywords/Phrases that link B to A:

“This model” in B links to “Dualistic thinking” in A.

“Students” in B links to “Students” in A.

Obviously, sentence D must be the last sentence in the sequence and hence the complete made after rearrangement is –ECFABD.
 
2
Which of the following would be the LAST sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
B
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the last sentence clearly is D.

Option B is hence the correct answer.
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the fourth sentence clearly is A.
 
Option E is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Out of the six sentences, the sentence E is clearly the first one as it introduces ‘William G. Perry’ (A proper noun) and sets the tone of the passage by mentioning the noun phrase ‘Cognitive Development’ (Again, a proper noun) in the sentence.

Sentence Cimmediately follows as it describes the model developed by William G. Perry. Interestingly, the writer has used the phrase ‘Intellectual development’ in place of ‘Cognitive development’. However, both the adjectives ‘intellectual’ and ‘cognitive’ are similar in meaning.

Keywords/Phrases that link C to E:

“His” in C links to “William G. Perry” in E.

“Intellectual development” in C links to “Cognitive development” in E.

Sentence F is to follow next as it refers to the first of the nine levels of intellectual development, mentioned in the previous sentence.

Keywords/Phrases that link F to C:

“First level” in F links to “nine levels” in C.

The sequence made so far is: E – C – F.

The sentence A follows next as it takes the description of ‘Dualism’ further.

Keywords/Phrases that link A to F:

“Dualistic thinking” in A links to “Dualism” in F.

Now, the sentence B describes how the model of ‘Dualistic thinking’ enables students to develop intellectually. The sentence B clearly, is to follow the sequence next.

Keywords/Phrases that link B to A:

“This model” in B links to “Dualistic thinking” in A.

“Students” in B links to “Students” in A.

Obviously, sentence D must be the last sentence in the sequence and hence the complete made after rearrangement is –ECFABD.
3
Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
D
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the first sentence clearly is E.

Option D is hence the correct answer.
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the fourth sentence clearly is A.
 
Option E is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Out of the six sentences, the sentence E is clearly the first one as it introduces ‘William G. Perry’ (A proper noun) and sets the tone of the passage by mentioning the noun phrase ‘Cognitive Development’ (Again, a proper noun) in the sentence.

Sentence Cimmediately follows as it describes the model developed by William G. Perry. Interestingly, the writer has used the phrase ‘Intellectual development’ in place of ‘Cognitive development’. However, both the adjectives ‘intellectual’ and ‘cognitive’ are similar in meaning.

Keywords/Phrases that link C to E:

“His” in C links to “William G. Perry” in E.

“Intellectual development” in C links to “Cognitive development” in E.

Sentence F is to follow next as it refers to the first of the nine levels of intellectual development, mentioned in the previous sentence.

Keywords/Phrases that link F to C:

“First level” in F links to “nine levels” in C.

The sequence made so far is: E – C – F.

The sentence A follows next as it takes the description of ‘Dualism’ further.

Keywords/Phrases that link A to F:

“Dualistic thinking” in A links to “Dualism” in F.

Now, the sentence B describes how the model of ‘Dualistic thinking’ enables students to develop intellectually. The sentence B clearly, is to follow the sequence next.

Keywords/Phrases that link B to A:

“This model” in B links to “Dualistic thinking” in A.

“Students” in B links to “Students” in A.

Obviously, sentence D must be the last sentence in the sequence and hence the complete made after rearrangement is –ECFABD.
 
4
Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
C
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the second sentence clearly is C.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Out of the six sentences, the sentence E is clearly the first one as it introduces ‘William G. Perry’ (A proper noun) and sets the tone of the passage by mentioning the noun phrase ‘Cognitive Development’ (Again, a proper noun) in the sentence.

Sentence Cimmediately follows as it describesthe model developed by William G. Perry. Interestingly, the writer has used the phrase ‘Intellectual development’ in place of ‘Cognitive development’. However, both the adjectives ‘intellectual’ and ‘cognitive’ are similar in meaning.

Keywords/Phrases that link C to E:

“His” in C links to “William G. Perry” in E.

“Intellectual development” in C links to “Cognitive development” in E.

Sentence F is to follow next as it refers to the first of the nine levels of intellectual development, mentioned in the previous sentence.

Keywords/Phrases that link F to C:

“First level” in F links to “nine levels” in C.

The sequence made so far is: E – C – F.

The sentence A follows next as it takes the description of ‘Dualism’ further.

Keywords/Phrases that link A to F:

“Dualistic thinking” in A links to “Dualism” in F.

Now, the sentence B describes how the model of ‘Dualistic thinking’ enables students to develop intellectually. The sentence B clearly, is to follow the sequence next.

Keywords/Phrases that link B to A:

“This model” in B links to “Dualistic thinking” in A.

“Students” in B links to “Students” in A.

Obviously, sentence D must be the last sentence in the sequence and hence the complete made after rearrangement is –ECFABD.
5
Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?
» Explain it
A
The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the third sentence clearly is F.

Option A is hence the correct answer.

The correct sequence of the sentences is E-C-F-A-B-D and the fourth sentence clearly is A.
 
Option E is hence the correct answer.

Common Explanation:

Out of the six sentences, the sentence E is clearly the first one as it introduces ‘William G. Perry’ (A proper noun) and sets the tone of the passage by mentioning the noun phrase ‘Cognitive Development’ (Again, a proper noun) in the sentence.

Sentence Cimmediately follows as it describes the model developed by William G. Perry. Interestingly, the writer has used the phrase ‘Intellectual development’ in place of ‘Cognitive development’. However, both the adjectives ‘intellectual’ and ‘cognitive’ are similar in meaning.

Keywords/Phrases that link C to E:

“His” in C links to “William G. Perry” in E.

“Intellectual development” in C links to “Cognitive development” in E.

Sentence F is to follow next as it refers to the first of the nine levels of intellectual development, mentioned in the previous sentence.

Keywords/Phrases that link F to C:

“First level” in F links to “nine levels” in C.

The sequence made so far is: E – C – F.

The sentence A follows next as it takes the description of ‘Dualism’ further.

Keywords/Phrases that link A to F:

“Dualistic thinking” in A links to “Dualism” in F.

Now, the sentence B describes how the model of ‘Dualistic thinking’ enables students to develop intellectually. The sentence B clearly, is to follow the sequence next.

Keywords/Phrases that link B to A:

“This model” in B links to “Dualistic thinking” in A.

“Students” in B links to “Students” in A.

Obviously, sentence D must be the last sentence in the sequence and hence the complete made after rearrangement is –ECFABD.

 


Rearrangement of Sentences is one of the most important topics of General English Section of competitive exams like Bank Exams, SSC Exams, CAT Exam, MAT Exams, etc. In this topic, basically, you are given a paragraph in the form of 5 or more sentences but these sentences are not in the right order. It’s up to you to rearrange the sentences so that they logically make sense. It’s not only your test of English but your reasoning skills also. The key to solving a Para-jumble or Rearrangement of Sentences is in identifying the chain of thought. Once an exam aspirant is able to identify the central point and chain of thought, solving Para-jumbles or Rearrangement of Sentences becomes easier.

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1. Understand the theme of the given passage. If the theme is understood once the sentences can easily be put in right order.

2. Try to identify the first or the last sentence which is sometimes very easily identified.

3. Mostly, the first sentence will introduce the theme of the paragraph and will not begin with a conjunction like because, so, but, etc.

4. Transitions words and linking words sometimes help to put the sentences in a right order. So, look for the transitions words also.

5. Try to look for short forms or abbreviations and their full forms because the sentence containing the full form will come before the sentence containing the short form or the abbreviation.

6. Try to look for words or phrases explicitly indicating that one thing causes another or logically determines another. These words or phrases are: so…..that, therefore, when……then, given, thus, if….then, hence, because, in order to, etc.

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