IBPS Clerk Pre New Pattern Para Jumbles PDF | Parajumbles for IBPS Clerk Pre 2018 Exam at Smartkeeda

Directions: In the questions given below, a sentence has been broken down into four fragments labeled (A), (B), (C) and (D) and arranged, not necessarily in the correct order. You have to find the correct order of arrangement from the options given below. In case, the sentence is correct in its original form, please select (E) as your answer.
1
Sides like in commercial disputes between big firms, but the (A)/ low-wage occupations, is often anything but even (B)/ arbitration works well when power is balanced between the two (C)/ balance between an employer and an employee, particularly in (D)
» Explain it
A
On looking at the fragments, we find only C suitable as the first fragment-

Connectors:

C and A:
C: Arbitration works well when power is balanced between the two
A: sides like in commercial disputes between big firms, but the

A and D:
A: sides like in commercial disputes between big firms, but the
D: balance between an employer and an employee, particularly in

D and B:
D: balance between an employer and an employee, particularly in
B: low-wage occupations, is often anything but even.

The correct sequence is C-A-D-B.

Hence, option A is correct.
2
Ways, in particular by exploiting a “grey zone” where aggression and coercion (A)/ neither China nor Russia wants a direct military confrontation with America (B)/ that they would surely lose but they are using their growing hard power in other (C)/ work just below the level that would risk military confrontation with the West. (D)
» Explain it
D
Only B fits in as the first fragment as the rest are continuation of other fragments.

Connectors:

B and C:
B: Neither China nor Russia wants a direct military confrontation with America
C: that they would surely lose but they are using their growing hard power in other

C and A:
C: that they would surely lose but they are using their growing hard power in other
A: ways, in particular by exploiting a “grey zone” where aggression and coercion

A and D:
A: ways, in particular by exploiting a “grey zone” where aggression and coercion
D: work just below the level that would risk military confrontation with the West.

The correct sequence is B-C-A-D.

Hence, option D is correct.
3
Companies viable since most of the foreign acquisitions by Indian companies (A)/ the world are calculated on the basis of net present value and probable reserves. (B) are done through loans taken abroad, and valuation of the oil assets all over (C)/ the rise in oil prices makes takeovers of oil blocks by Indian oil and natural gas (D)/ 
» Explain it
B
Only D fits in as the first fragment as the rest are continuation of other fragments.

Connectors:

D and A:
D: The rise in oil prices makes takeovers of oil blocks by Indian oil and natural gas
A: companies viable since most of the foreign acquisitions by Indian companies

A and C:
A: companies viable since most of the foreign acquisitions by Indian companies
C: are done through loans taken abroad, and valuation of the oil assets all over

C and B:
C: are done through loans taken abroad, and valuation of the oil assets all over
B: the world are calculated on the basis of net present value and probable reserves.

The correct sequence is D-A-C-B.

Hence, option B is correct.
4
between January and May, outflows from (A) / highest level in 10 years, and by June 4, $6.7 billion was (B) / pulled out on a net basis from the domestic capital market (C) / foreign portfolio investors have reached their (D)
» Explain it
B
The first fragment is clearly A as none of the others make sense when kept as the beginning statement.

Connectors:
A and D:
A: Between January and May, outflows from
D: foreign portfolio investors have reached their


D and B:
D: foreign portfolio investors have reached their
B: highest level in 10 years, and by June 4, $6.7 billion was

B and C:
B: highest level in 10 years, and by June 4, $6.7 billion was
C: pulled out on a net basis from the domestic capital market

The correct sequence is A-D-B-C.

Hence, option B is correct.
5
opted for a hike in key interest rates by 25 basis points (A) / at the end of an unusually long three-day meeting, (B) / which is the first such increase in four and a half years (C) / the Monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India (D)
» Explain it
C
The first fragment would be either B or D. However, B is a better fit as if D is kept as the first fragment, B would not fit elsewhere.

B and D:
B: At the end of an unusually long three-day meeting,
D: the Monetary Policy Committee of the RBI

D and A:
D: the Monetary Policy Committee of the RBI
A: opted for a hike in key interest rates by 25 basis points

A and C:
A: opted for a hike in key interest rates by 25 basis points
C: which is the first such increase in four and a half years

The correct sequence is B-D-A-C.

Hence, option C is correct.

How to solve questions on Parajumbles for IBPS Clerk Pre and other important exams

Parajumbles or Questions on rearrangement is one of the most important topics under the English Section for various types of exams. These exams include CLAT 2019, Insurance exams, Railways exams as well as various bank exams like IBPS PO, IBPS SO, SEBI Grade A, SBI PO, RRB Scale I etc. Questions on sentence rearrangement forms a very crucial part of Bank Po exams.
Paragraph jumbles or simply para jumbles are a set of statements that are placed in a random order. The aspirants are then asked to recognize the correct order of the statements and mark the sequence as their answer. These rearrangement questions are easily the simplest questions in the English language and can be very marks fetching. All these questions require is some basic knowledge of English along with the ability to recognize patterns. Read on to understand how you can prepare better for the upcoming IBPS PO exam.
 
Before we get into tips for solving para jumbles, let us look at a sample question and see how to solve it step-wise-

Directions : Rearrange the following six sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E) and (F) if a proper sequence to for a meaningful paragraph. Then answer the questions given below.
 
A. The tags can also be fashioned into thin keypads or smart home control panels that can be used to remotely operate WiFi-connected speakers, smart lights and other IoT appliances.
B. The metal tags named “LiveTag”, made from patterns of copper foil printed onto thin, flexible, paper-like substrates, are designed to only reflect specific signals within the WiFi frequency range.
C. These plain objects then essentially become smart, connected devices that can signal a Wi-Fi device whenever a user interacts with them.
D. The tags can be pasted onto plain objects that people touch and interact with every day, like water bottles, walls or doors.
E. Researchers have developed printable metal tags that can be attached to everyday objects and turn them into ‘smart’ Internet of Things (IoT) devices by reflecting Wi-Fi signals.
F. As a proof of concept, the team used “LiveTag” to create a paper-thin music player controller complete with a play/pause button, next track button and sliding bar for tuning volume.
 
Step 1: Go through all the statements. The aim at this stage is to simply get a ‘feel’ of the passage and an idea of the theme.

Here, we see the passage talks about IoT and some sort of tags that have been developed using this. The passage essentially talks about the various uses of these tags.

Step 2: Try to find out where it all started. We need to find a statement that can be used as an introductory statement here.
Statement A is incorrect as it uses the adverb also which means in addition to. This is clearly a continuation of a previous statement and cannot be the first statement.

Statement B is incorrect as here the tags have already been introduced and more information is being provided about them in this statement. Similar is the case with statement D and this also can be eliminated.

Statement C is incorrect as the pronoun ‘these’ implies the subject has already been talked about before.

Statement F is incorrect as here also, the concept has been introduced and this statement clearly takes the passage forward but cannot be said to introduce the idea.

Only statement E is correct here. It begins with ‘Researchers have developed printable metal tags’, providing a suitable introduction to the entire concept of the tags.
 
Step 3: The next step is to look for statements which elaborate on the subject that has been introduced. We can have the following types of statements in a passage:

A statement that elaborates on the subject.

A statement that contradicts the previous statement.

A statement that provides brand new information and steers the passage in another direction.

The order in which the above statements are mentioned is how a passage usually goes but there certainly can be exceptions.

Now, with statement E talking about metal tags, the next logical statement would give more information on it. Statement B is a good fit here. It starts with ‘The metal tags named “LiveTag”..’ thus providing more information on the metal tags and takes the passage forward.
Now, for the next statement, statement D is a good fit as it carries the passage forward by giving more information on the tags and their uses.

Step 4: Look for connecting words and phrases. The use of the word ‘plain’ in statement D gives us a hint about the next statement as well, which would be statement C. This statement also uses the word ‘plain’ along with the pronoun ‘these’. The use of ‘these’ gives us a hint that the statement follows a similar statement about ‘plain’ object. Hence, D-C are a pair.

Step 5: Once, the ‘elaboration on the subject’ part seems to be over, look for conjunctions and connectors to take the passage forward. As an example, statement A, due to use of the word ‘also’ seems to be a good choice as the next statement. It provides a suitable way forward.

Step 6: Lastly, we need to look for statements that substantiate a particular previous point via examples. Here, this is done by statement F. Statement A talks about how the tags can be used to operate appliances remotely. Statement F then gives an example of how this has been experimented with.
Hence, the correct sequence is -E-B-D-C-A-F.

 
So, to summarize, here are some useful tips for solving questions on Para Jumbles for Bank Exams:

Para Jumbles Tip 1: Understand the central theme of the passage by going through the passage once.

Para Jumbles Tip 2: Try and look for a statement that can serve as the opening statement to the passage.

Para Jumbles Tip 3: Try forming compulsory pairs of statements. This can be done with the help of identifying conjunctions, adverbs, pronouns etc which can give a hint about which statement would come before/after another one. Identifying pairs is also important when one is not able to identify the introductory statement. In such cases, one can eliminate options by forming such pairs.

Para Jumbles Tip 4: Look for statements that elaborate over a topic, introduce contradictory idea or present brand new information. These statements take the passage forward.

Para Jumbles Tip 5: Look for statements that substantiate and provide examples. These typically form a compulsory pair with a previous statement that introduces the idea on which these statements substantiate.

Para Jumbles Tip 6: Identify the chronology of the events. If the aspirant is able to identify the sequence of events in the passage, arranging the statements becomes extremely easy.

Para Jumbles Tip 7: Look at grammar usage. Use of pronouns like these, he, she etc are an indication the subject has already been introduced before.
 
Let us look at some examples below to understand how to tackle different types of questions:

PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 1:
 
Direction: Given below the sentences each of which has been divided into five parts out of which the first part has been marked bold. Each of the questions is then followed by the five options which give the sequence of the rearranged parts. You must choose the option which gives the correct sequence of the parts. If the sentence is already arranged or the correct sequence doesn't match any of the given sequence, mark (e) .i.e. "None of the above" as your answer.
 
In the Manifesto, we are presented with large social forces, / as capital is coming to rule the world and the workers are organising their resistance to it (A) / the proletariat or working class and its opponents, contending (B) / nationality, and geography have been overturned, or are being overturned, (C) / with each other on an international scale, where differences of culture. (D)

(A.)  DBCA
(B.)  BDCA
(C.)  ACDB
(D.)  ADCB
(E.)  None of the above

Explanation
The first fragment of the sentence:

In the Manifesto, we are presented with large social forces,

This should be followed by some description about the social forces prevalent in the society and the role of such forces or the significance of such forces in the society. Only B will explain this in detail and it should follow the first fragment of the sentence.

Now, coming to the rest of the fragments, connectors:

B and D:
B: the proletariat or working class and its opponents, contending
D: with each other on an international scale, where differences of culture

D and C:
D: with each other on an international scale, where differences of culture,
C: nationality, and geography have been overturned, or are being overturned,

Only A is left to complete the sentence and it will come at the end.

This makes the proper sequence of fragments as: BDCA

The complete sentence would be: In the Manifesto, we are presented with large social forces, the proletariat or working class and its opponents, contending with each other on an international scale, where differences of culture, nationality, and geography have been overturned, or are being overturned, as capital is coming to rule the world and the workers are organising their resistance to it.

This makes option B the right choice among the given options.
 

PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 2:
 
Direction: Given below are some statements with their first part given. The other parts are scrambled and arranged. You need to rearrange them in a logical and coherent manner and choose the option which depicts the correct arrangement. If there is no need for re-arrangement, please select option E.

Although the civil service was a legacy of the British

A. would, perhaps, be an important factor in India’s successful transition
B. from a backward nation to a prosperous country
C. and Jawaharlal Nehru was skeptical of it in the beginning, he came to appreciate that

D. a highly-qualified, professional and meritocratic civil service institution
(A.)  DCBA
(B.)  ABDC
(C.)  CDAB
(D.)  ADCB
(E.)  No rearrangement required

Explanation
The first fragment of the sentence talks about the cons of the bureaucracy in India such as it being the legacy of the British, the next part should be a continuation of the same or it should reflect the cons of the bureaucratic system in India. Among the given fragments, C talks about the opinion of Jawharlal Nehru regarding the bureaucracy in India. So, C is the first fragment of the rearrangement.

Connectors:
C and D:
C: and Jawaharlal Nehru was skeptical of it in the beginning, he came to appreciate that
D: a highly-qualified, professional and meritocratic civil service institution
 
D and A:
D: a highly-qualified, professional and meritocratic civil service institution
A: would, perhaps, be an important factor in India’s successful transition
 
A and B:
A: would, perhaps, be an important factor in India’s successful transition
B: from a backward nation to a prosperous country
 
So, the correct sequence of fragments is CDAB.
 

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.
 
PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 3:

Directions: Read the statements below and answer the questions that follow:

A. Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf has exceeded expectations in emerging from the elections within touching distance of a majority.

B. In fact, the removal of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister last summer and later from the electoral arena over corruption charges had given the impression that the dice were loaded in Mr. Khan’s favour.

C. The former cricketer will come to the Prime Minister’s office at the end of a bitter year, and his first test will be to assert a legitimate claim to power.

D. The former cricketer’s immediate task is to negotiate assistance from the International Monetary Fund to stave off a balance of payments crisis.

E. The campaign for these federal and provincial elections in Pakistan has been called the “dirtiest” in its history.

F. Further, the announcement of the results is already tainted by allegations of rigging and military interference. 
Which of the following can be the sixth statement post rearrangement given that the first statement is statement A - ‘Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf has exceeded expectations in emerging from the elections within touching distance of a majority’.
 
(A.)  F
(B.)  B
(C.)  C
(D.) D
(E.)  E

Explanation
Common Explanation:

A and C:
A. Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf has exceeded expectations in emerging from the elections within touching distance of a majority.
C. The former cricketer will come to the Prime Minister’s office at the end of a bitter year, and his first test will be to assert a legitimate claim to power.

C and E:
C. The former cricketer will come to the Prime Minister’s office at the end of a bitter year, and his first test will be to assert a legitimate claim to power.
E. The campaign for these federal and provincial elections in Pakistan has been called the “dirtiest” in its history.

E and F:
E. The campaign for these federal and provincial elections in Pakistan has been called the “dirtiest” in its history.
F. Further, the announcement of the results is already tainted by allegations of rigging and military interference.

F and B:
F. Further, the announcement of the results is already tainted by allegations of rigging and military interference.
B. In fact, the removal of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister last summer and later from the electoral arena over corruption charges had given the impression that the dice were loaded in Mr. Khan’s favour.

B and D:
B. In fact, the removal of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister last summer and later from the electoral arena over corruption charges had given the impression that the dice were loaded in Mr. Khan’s favour.
D. The former cricketer’s immediate task is to negotiate assistance from the International Monetary Fund to stave off a balance of payments crisis.

The correct sequence is A-C-E-F-B-D.
The sixth statement is statement D.
Hence, option D is correct.
 
 
PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 4:
 
Directions: A set of five statements is given below forming a coherent paragraph. Three of the statements are correctly ordered while the other two are not. Please read the statements and answer the questions that follow.

A.  On May 18, 2007 around 1. 25 p. m. , soon after the afternoon prayers, an improvised explosive device, kept beneath a slab stone inside Mecca Masjid, exploded.
 
B. Nine people were found dead and fifty eight were injured because of the blast. Five more were  killed in police firing to control the mob.
 
C. Even as investigation was on, twin blasts rocked the city on August 25, at Gokul Chat in Koti and Lumbini park on Necklace Road.
 
D. The case was transferred to the CBI.
 
E. Andhra Pradesh police registered a case, took up investigations and arrested more than 200 persons, but couldn't achieve any breakthrough due to lack of evidence. 
 
Which of the following pair of statements should be interchanged so that the set of statements forms a coherent paragraph?
 
(A.)  C and E
(B.)  A and C
(C.)  D and E
(D.)  B and E
(E.)  None of the above

Explanation
Connectors:
A and B:
A: On May 18, 2007 around 1. 25 p. m. ,soon after the afternoon prayers, an improvised explosive device, kept beneath a slab stone inside Mecca Masjid, exploded. 
B:  Nine people were found dead and fifty eight were injured because of the blast. Five more were  killed in police firing to control the mob.
 
B and E: C talks of investigations which were in progress which is odd. D talks of transfer of case without talking of the case first. E is the ideal fit here.
E: Andhra Pradesh police registered a case, took up investigations and arrested more than 200 persons, but couldn't achieve any breakthrough due to lack of evidence.
 
E and D:
E: Andhra Pradesh police registered a case, took up investigations and arrested more than 200 persons, but couldn't achieve any breakthrough due to lack of evidence.
D: The case was transferred to the CBI.
 
D and C:
D: The case was transferred to the CBI.
C: Even as investigation was on, twin blasts rocked the city on August 25, at Gokul Chat in Koti and Lumbini park on Necklace Road.
Hence, the correct sequence is A-B-E-D-C.
Hence, C and E need to be interchanged.

Option A is correct.
 
PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 5:

Directions: In the following questions, a sentence has four portions marked P, Q, R and S. These four parts are not given in their proper order. Rearrange it in the proper sequence in order to make a meaningful  sentence.

P.  Hindu fundamentalists have been
Q. referring to journalists
R. Ever since Narendra Modi became Prime Minister ,
S. in extremely violent terms
(A.)  PSQR
(B.)  RQPS
(C.)  RPQS
(D.)  PSRQ
(E.) 
(A.)  PSQR
(B.)  RQPS
(C.)  RPQS
(D.)  PSRQ
(E.) 

Explanation
Among the given fragments, the starting fragment can either be P or R. However, if we observe the options that start with P, we can find that the sequences given in these options are poorly framed. Hence, option A and D can be eliminated.

Between, option B and C, option C has been framed properly accordingly to rules of grammar.

Clearly, option C is the correct answer.

PARA JUMBLE EXAMPLE 6:

Directions: Given below is a set of statements, not necessarily in the correct order. The statement given in bold is fixed and the first statement. You are required to identify the correct sequence from the options given below and mark that as your answer. If the sequence is correct in its original form, select (E) No rearrangement required, as your answer.

The objective of the report and the index constructed by the NITI Aayog is to foster competition among States to rapidly improve their health indicators.

P. Over the past few years it has created various indices at State level for ease of doing business, cleanliness and efforts made to create an ecosystem for startups among others.

Q. Undoubtedly, rankings help accelerate change.

R. This is not the first time the Government has introduced rankings to get States to compete.

S. However much of this could be short-sighted and focused on improving scores rather than delivering sustainable results.
 
(A.)  QSPR
(B.)  PQSR
(C.)  RQPS
(D.)  RPQS
(E.)  No rearrangement required

Explanation

Connectors:

R and P:
R. This is not the first time the Government has introduced rankings to get States to compete.
P. Over the past few years it has created various indices at State level for ease of doing business, cleanliness and efforts made to create an ecosystem for startups among others.

P and Q:
P. Over the past few years it has created various indices at State level for ease of doing business, cleanliness and efforts made to create an ecosystem for startups among others.
Q. Undoubtedly, rankings help accelerate change.

Q and S:
Q. Undoubtedly, rankings help accelerate change.
S. However much of this could be short-sighted and focused on improving scores rather than delivering sustainable results.

The correct sequence is R-P-Q-S.

Hence, option D is correct.
 
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