New Pattern Parajumbles for SBI Clerk Pre 2018 Quiz

Directions: In the questions given below, a sentence has been broken down into four fragments labeled (A), (B), (C) and (D) and arranged, not necessarily in the correct order. You have to find the correct order of arrangement from the options given below. In case, the sentence is correct in its original form, please select (E) as your answer.
1
and is different from a situation where the bank (A)/ rules and regulations at the expense of the bank (B)/ itself violates rules and regulations in order to benefit shareholders (C)/ a bank fraud is a situation in which employees subvert (D)/
» Explain it
C
Fragment A begins with ‘and’ and cannot be the starting fragment. Similarly, fragment C starts with itself and does not make sense in any way as the beginning statement. Out of fragments D and B, only D fits in as it provides an appropriate introduction for the statement.
 
Connectors:
D and B: subvert here means to avoid something. The only fragment that fits in is B as it explains what the employees avoid/sabotage.
D: A bank fraud is a situation in which employees subvert
B: rules and regulations at the expense of the bank
 
B and A: A elaborates on how fragment B is different from another situation-
B: rules and regulations at the expense of the bank
A: and is different from a situation where the bank
 
A and C: C talks about how the first situation is different from the second.
A: and is different from a situation where the bank
C: itself violates rules and regulations in order to benefit shareholders
 
Hence, option C is correct.
 
2
desire to fight corruption and (A)/ a government that is sincere in its (B)/ injustice must protect whistleblowers (C)/ rather than prosecute them (D)
» Explain it
A
Fragment D as the first fragment can be directly eliminated as it begins with rather necessitating the presence of another fragment before it. Similarly, fragments A and C do not make the statement meaningful if placed at the beginning. Only fragment B fits in well here.
 
Connectors:
B and A: fragment A elaborates on what the government is sincere about-
B: A government that is sincere in its
A: desire to fight corruption and
 
A and C: C adds to the government’s desires -
A: desire to fight corruption and
C: injustice must protect whistleblowers
 
C and D: Both talk about what the government ought to be doing-
C: injustice must protect whistleblowers
D: rather than prosecute them
Hence, option A is correct.
 
3
encounter killings make a mockery of (A)/ law and justice for all and are also a gross (B)/ of whether that person has committed a crime or not (C)/ violation of an individual’s rights, irrespective (D)
» Explain it
B
Starting fragment:
Fragment C can be eliminated as it starts with of indicating a previous fragment.
Fragment B contains the words- ‘for all and are also’. This indicates the point being mentioned here is a follow up of a previous point and thus, this cannot be the beginning fragment.
Out of A and D, A is a better fit.
 
Connectors:
A and B: B elaborates on the ‘mockery’-
A: Encounter killings make a mockery of
B: law and justice for all and are also a gross
 
B and D: D continues talking about the pitfalls of encounter killings-
B: law and justice for all and are also a gross
D: violation of an individual’s rights, irrespective
 
D and C: C is the final fragment which provides the conclusion-
D: violation of an individual’s rights, irrespective
C: of whether that person has committed a crime or not
 
Hence, option B is correct.
 
4
under its Structural Adjustment Programmes policy (A)/ towards social sectors like health and education (B)/ since the early 1990s, the Indian government (C)/ started shrinking its financial responsibility (D) 
» Explain it
C
Starting fragment:
All of the fragments except for fragment C are clearly continuation of previous fragments and thus cannot be the first fragment. Only fragment C fits in well here.
 
D and B form a mandatory pair as both talk about what the government did.
So, by now we have C as the first statement and D-B as the mandatory pair. Only A is left and it fits in after C-
 
Connectors:
C and A:
C: Since the early 1990s, the Indian government
A: under its Structural Adjustment Programmes policy
 
A and D:
A: under its Structural Adjustment Programmes policy
D: started shrinking its financial responsibility
 
D and B: -
D: started shrinking its financial responsibility
B: towards social sectors like health and education
 
Hence, option C is correct.
 
5
the existing and future water emergency (A)/ the Cape Town crisis should be a (B)/ wake-up call to India about (C)/ that many parts of the country do and will face (D)
» Explain it
D
Starting fragment:
Fragments C and D can be easily eliminated as both are clearly a continuation of previous fragments. Fragment A, if taken as the first fragment, does not form a meaningful statement. Only B can be the first fragment.
 
Connectors:
B and C: C states that the crisis mentioned in B should serve as a warning to India-
B: The Cape Town crisis should be a
C: wake-up call to India about
 
C and A: A talks about the subject of the warning.
C: wake-up call to India about
A: the existing and future water emergency
 
A and D: D states the conclusion-
A: the existing and future water emergency
D: that many parts of the country do and will face
 
Hence, option D is correct.