Directions: In the questions given below, a sentence has been broken down into four fragments labeled (A), (B), (C) and (D) and arranged, not necessarily in the correct order. You have to find the correct order of arrangement from the options given below. In case, the sentence is correct in its original form, please select (E) as your answer.
1
states that the democratic Republic (A)/ economic and political justice (B)/ of India shall secure social, (C)/ the Preamble to the Constitution (D)
» Explain it
B
Starting Fragment:

There are two possibilities here- start with fragment A or with D. When starting with A, the sequence goes like this- A-B-D-C. However, the comma after reserves in C indicates the statement is not over and thus C cannot be the last statement. Thus, this can be ruled out. The other possibility with D is the only option left then.
 
Connectors:
 
C and A:
 
C: of India shall secure social,
 
A: states that the democratic Republic
 
A and B:
 
A: states that the democratic Republic
 
B: economic and political justice 
B and C: B states the conclusion-
 
B: economic and political justice
 
D: free speech and promoting the values of democracy
 
Hence, option B is correct. 
 
2
whom arrived over the past couple (A)/ taxes than to receive benefits (B)/ European migrants, many of (C)/ of decades, are more likely to pay (D)/
» Explain it
C
Starting Fragment:

Fragments A, B and D can be easily eliminated as all are clearly a continuation of previous fragments. Only C can be the first fragment.

C and A:
 
C: European migrants, many of
 
A: whom arrived over the past couple
 
A and D:
 
A: whom arrived over the past couple
 
D: of decades, are more likely to pay
 
B and D: B states the conclusion-
 
B: taxes than to receive benefits
 
D: of decades, are more likely to pay
 
Hence, option C is correct.
 
3
swell waves are massive ripples (A)/ that form on the sea due (B)/ to winds coming from as (C)/ far away as Madagascar (D)/
» Explain it
E
The fragments are already arranged meaningfully and thus need no more rearrangement.
 
Hence, option E is correct.
 
4
on the head of the household (A)/ with penalties for malnutrition (B)/ meanwhile, Uganda has sought to (C)/ confer a legal responsibility for food security (D)/
» Explain it
A
Starting Fragment:
Here, we can eliminate fragments A and D because they both are a continuation of previous fragments. If we take fragment B first, it does not allow fragment C to follow. Thus, only C can be the first fragment.
A and B:
 
A: on the head of the household
 
B: with penalties for malnutrition
 
B and C:
B: with penalties for malnutrition
 
C: meanwhile, Uganda has sought to
 
D and C: C states the conclusion-
 
C: meanwhile, Uganda has sought to
 
D: confer a legal responsibility for food security
 
Hence, option A is correct.
 
5
Departments are unable to conduct a (A)/ agencies such as the Police and Public Works (B)/ technical investigation into an accident (C)/ without expert help, executive (D)/
» Explain it
D
Starting Fragment:
Let us start by eliminating fragments one by one. We can easily eliminate fragments B and C as they are a continuation of previous fragments. Only C can be the first fragment because fragment A does not allow fragment C to fit in.
 
C and B:
 
C: technical investigation into an accident
 
B: agencies such as the Police and Public Works
B and A:
 
B: agencies such as the Police and Public Works
 
A: Departments are unable to conduct
 
C and D: C states the conclusion-
 
C: technical investigation into an accident
D: without expert help, executive
 
Hence, option D is correct.