English Reading Comprehension for SSC CGL 2018 and SSC CGL 2019 Exams | Reading Comprehension Passages PDF at Smartkeeda

Directions: Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given beside it.

There is an old African proverb that says, “Until the lions have their own historians, histories of the hunt will glorify the hunter.”
 
As is common knowledge, while the male lion’s mane incites our imagination, it is actually the lionesses that bring in food and ensure survival of the species. As Renana Jhavwala of SEWA and member of UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment aptly says, “Women's work is invisible … women are at the base of the economic pyramid. Women are stuck on a 'sticky floor' of low technology, low productivity, low skills, low earnings and low dignity.” Rural women in the Asia-Pacific region make critical contributions to household production and national food security, yet their contribution is hardly acknowledged.
 
The credit for the success of Brazil’s conditional cash transfer programme, Bolsa familia, goes to women. The programme rewards families for sending their children to school and taking them for regular health check- ups. This scheme has pulled millions out of poverty.   The state tends to believe women are more reliable than men. In Mexico, a similar programme, Oportunidades, is available exclusively to women.
 
There is strong empirical evidence to suggest that money in the hands of the mother increases expenditure on children. There is a strong positive correlation between women’s status and economic/social development. Policy makers across the world have placed great emphasis on gender equality. The experience suggests that economic development alone is not enough to bring about equality. What is needed is policy action. This is where the importance of women’s political empowerment comes. Democracy in the 21st century is moving towards equity and inclusion. This is the underlying message of citizens’ movements across the world. And with increasing role of women at the policy level and in institutions of government, democracy can become ‘politics of difference’ and ‘politics of presence.’
Important for :
» Explain it
C
The answer can be easily inferred from the last few sentences of the last paragraph of the passage. 
 
... This is where the importance of women’s political empowerment comes. Democracy in the 21st century is moving towards equity and inclusion. This is the underlying message of citizens’ movements across the world. And with increasing role of women at the policy level and in institutions of government, democracy can become ‘politics of difference’ and ‘politics of presence.’

The option C, hence, is the correct answer.
» Explain it
A
The last sentence of the 2nd paragraph clearly states the opposite of what is stated in the option A. 
 
... Rural women in the Asia-Pacific region make critical contributions to household production and national food security, yet their contribution is hardly acknowledged.
 
Option A, hence, is the correct answer.
» Explain it
B
Kindly refer to the 2nd sentence of the 2nd paragraph of the passage.
 
... As Renana Jhavwala of SEWA and member of UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment aptly says, “Women's work is invisible … women are at the base of the economic pyramid. 
 
The correct answer, hence, is option B.
» Explain it
C
The answer can be easily inferred from the 3rd sentence of the 3rd paragraph of the passage.
 
... This scheme has pulled millions out of poverty.   

The option C, hence, is the correct answer.
» Explain it
D
Kindly refer to the 3rd sentence of the last paragraph of the passage. 
 
... Policy makers across the world have placed great emphasis on gender equality. 

The option D, hence, is the correct answer.